Cape Cod Space Force Station

Summary

Cape Cod Space Force Station
Part of Joint Base Cape Cod
Near Sagamore, Massachusetts in the United States
Aerial view of Cape Cod Air Force Station during the mid-1980s
Aerial view of Cape Cod Space Force Station during the mid-1980s
Emblem of the Buckley Garrison.svg
Cape Cod SFS is located in Massachusetts
Cape Cod SFS
Cape Cod SFS
Location in the United States
Cape Cod SFS is located in the United States
Cape Cod SFS
Cape Cod SFS
Cape Cod SFS (the United States)
Coordinates41°45′12″N 70°32′19″W / 41.7532°N 70.5385°W / 41.7532; -70.5385
TypeUS Space Force Station
Site information
OwnerDepartment of Defense
OperatorUnited States Space Force
Controlled byBuckley Garrison
ConditionOperational
Radar typeAN/FPS-123 PAVE PAWS (Phased Array Warning System)
Site history
Built1976 (1976)–1980
In use1980 – present
Garrison information
Occupants6th Space Warning Squadron

Cape Cod Space Force Station (previously Cape Cod Air Force Station) is a United States Space Force station located in the northwest corner of Joint Base Cape Cod, United States, on Flatrock Hill in Massachusetts. Cape Cod Space Force Station began construction in 1976 as Cape Cod Missile Early Warning Station and was renamed Cape Cod Air Force Station in 1982, before assuming its current name in 2021.

Missile warning and space surveillance operations are conducted by the 6th Space Warning Squadron, Space Delta 4 while base administration is the responsibility of Buckley Garrison.

History

On 27 August 1973, the United States Air Force directed the construction of two phased array missile warning radar systems, specifically to defend against the launch of submarine-launched ballistic missiles. On 23 May 1975 it was announced that the east coast site would be located at Otis Air Force Base at Cape Cod and the west coast site would be located at Beale Air Force Base. Construction on the Cape Cod Missile Warning Station began on 26 October 1976. On 1 October 1979, the 6th Missile Warning Squadron and 2165th Communications Squadron were established and the facility became operational on 4 April 1980 under Aerospace Defense Command's 21st Air Division. On 1 December 1979, Aerospace Defense Command's missile warning and space surveillance radars were transferred to Strategic Air Command, with Cape Cod Missile Warning Station becoming part of the 45th Air Division.[1]

On 5 January 1982, Cape Cod Missile Warning Station's name was changed to Cape Cod Air Force Station and became part of Air Force Space Command's 1st Space Wing on 1 May 1983. In 1986, the 2165th Communications Squadron was merged into the 6th Missile Warning Squadron. On 15 May 1992, the 6th Missile Warning Squadron was redesignated as the 6th Space Warning Squadron and reassigned to the 21st Space Wing's 21st Operations Group. On 20 December 2019, the 6th Space Warning Squadron became part of the United States Space Force and on 24 July 2020, the 6th Space Warning Squadron became part of Space Delta 4 and Buckley Garrison became responsible for installation support.[2]

On 11 June 2021, Cape Cod Air Force Station was renamed Cape Cod Space Force Station.[3]

Units

6th Space Warning Squadron

16th Space Warning Squadron

The 6th Space Warning Squadron is responsible for operating the AN/FPS-132 Upgraded Early Warning Radar and is part of Space Delta 4. The 6th Space Warning Squadron has been the host unit at Cape Cod Space Force Station since 1979. In addition to Space Force guardians, there are a number of Royal Canadian Air Force airmen and airwomen assigned to the squadron. The primary mission of the squadron is to guard the United States and Canadian east coast against sea-launched and intercontinental ballistic missile attacks, which is then routed to the Missile Defense Agency and United States Space Command's Missile Warning Center for missile defense operations. The squadron's secondary mission is tracking low-earth-orbiting objects, such as the International Space Station, which is reported to the 18th Space Control Squadron.[4]

Base assignment and major units

Name Military service Assigned command Higher headquarters/
garrison
Major units
Cape Cod Missile Warning Station
(1 October 1979–5 January 1982)
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United States Air Force
USAF - Aerospace Defense Command.png
Aerospace Defense Command
(1 October 1979–1 December 1979)
SAC Shield.svg
Strategic Air Command
(1 December 1979–1 May 1983)
USAF - 21st Air Division.png
21st Air Division
(1 October 1979–1 December 1979)
45th Air Division crest.jpg
45th Air Division
(1 December 1979–1 May 1983)
6th Space Warning Squadron.png
6th Space Warning Squadron
Cape Cod Air Force Station
(5 January 1982–11 June 2021)
Air Force Space Command.png
Air Force Space Command
1st Space Wing.png
1st Space Wing
(1 May 1983–15 May 1992)
21st Space Wing.png
21st Space Wing
(15 May 1992–24 July 2020)
Cape Cod Space Force Station
(11 June 2021–present)
Seal of the United States Space Force.svg
United States Space Force
Space Operations Command emblem.png
Space Operations Command
Emblem of the Buckley Garrison.svg
Buckley Garrison

Gallery

See also

References

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ https://www.buckley.spaceforce.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Article/2575788/6th-space-warning-squadron/
  2. ^ https://www.buckley.af.mil/News/Article-Display/Article/2287167/us-space-force-establishes-new-garrisons/
  3. ^ "An Overview of Joint Base Cape Cod". www.massnationalguard.org. Retrieved February 4, 2021.
  4. ^ https://www.buckley.spaceforce.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Article/2575788/6th-space-warning-squadron/

External links

  • Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. MA-151, "Cape Cod Air Station, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA", 19 photos, 10 data pages, 3 photo caption pages
  • HAER No. MA-151-A, "Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant", 59 photos, 7 data pages, 6 photo caption pages