Cape York (Mars)


An overview map of Cape York, showing the path of Opportunity Mars rover and various locations it visited there in the 2010s
Annotated map with location of Cape Tribulation, on Endeavour crater's western rim

Cape York is a location on Mars, on the western rim of Endeavour crater.[1] The Opportunity rover spent about two years exploring this portion of the rim in the early 2010s before moving south.[1] The CRISM instrument on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter identified clay smectites in an area of Cape York, and the rover was sent to explore this location.[1] MER-B Opportunity spend its fifth Martian Winter at Greeley Haven at Cape York, and also took a panorama at that location.[2] MER-B spent 19 weeks stationed at Greeley Haven surviving the winter and went on the move again in May 2012, to further explore Cape York.[3]

MER-B arrived at Cape York in 2011 at Odyssey crater, which is on the southern end of the feature.[4] Opportunity arrived at Endeavour crater on sol 2709 (August 9, 2011), at a landmark called Spirit Point named after its rover twin, after traversing 21 km (13 mi) from Victoria crater, over a three-year period.[5] Spirit point was the name selected for where MER-B arrived at Endeavour's Cape York, a journey which it set out on in 2008 and it arrived there in the summer of 2011.[6]

Locations and science targets at Cape York include:[7] (Alphabetically ordered:)

  • Chester Lake[8]
  • Esperance
  • Grasberg
  • Greeley Haven
  • Homestake rock
  • Matijevic Hill
  • Monte Cristo
  • Odyssey crater[4]
  • Spirit Point[6]
  • Tisdale 2[8]
  • Whitewater Lake outcrops
  • Whim Creek

South of Cape York is an area called Botany Bay.[8] Features south of Cape York include Sutherland Point, Nobby's Head, and even father south Solander Point


MER-B traverse map with location of Cape York annotated
Arrival at Spirit Point at Endeavour crater's Cape York

MER-B traverse around Cape York

Opportunity arrives at Endeavour crater
MER-B's traverse to Greely Haven, where it spent many weeks enduring the Martian Winter
Opportunity's path around Cape York, and then some of its journey after heading south into Botany Bay

Locations and/or science targets at Cape York

Homestake rock vein (November 2011)
Microscopic Imager view of Homestake formation
Newberries at Kirkwood (September 2012)

Matijevic Hill

Matijevic Hill Panorama
Rock fins at Matijevic Hill, as recorded in August 2012
Matijevic Hill rock fin outcrop


Looking south, Solander point and the western rim can be seen (August 2011)
Greeley Haven Panorama (false color)

See also


  1. ^ a b c "'Cape York' Explored".
  2. ^ "NASA - 'Greeley Panorama' from Opportunity's Fifth Martian Winter".
  3. ^ "Opportunity is a ROVER again!".
  4. ^ a b "Odyssey Crater on Cape York, sol 2681 (anaglyph)".
  5. ^ "NASA Mars Rover Arrives at New Site on Martian Surface". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. August 10, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "NASA - Opportunity Heads Toward 'Spirit Point'". 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2016-10-13.
  7. ^ "Mars Exploration Rovers Special Update: Opportunity's Findings at Endeavour, So Far".
  8. ^ a b c "Mars Exploration Rovers Update: Opportunity Digs Cape York, Roves to New Milestone".

External links

  • The Planetary Society - Mars Exploration Rovers Special Update: Opportunity's Findings at Endeavour, So Far (2013)
    • Image from above TPS article