Capture of Garadaghly

Summary

Capture of Garadaghly
Part of First Nagorno-Karabakh War
Date17 February 1992
Location
Result Armenian victory
Belligerents
 Artsakh
 Armenia
 Azerbaijan
Casualties and losses
not clear
20 Azerbaijani civilians killed per Azerbaijani sources[1]

The Capture of Garadaghly (Azerbaijani: Qaradağlının işğalı) was the seizure of Garadaghly, an Azerbaijani-populated village in Khojavend district of Nagorno-Karabakh by Armenian volunteer units on 17 February 1992, in the First Nagorno-Karabakh War.

Preceding events

In the spring and summer of 1991, the violence during the First Nagorno-Karabakh war escalated into a partisan-style conflict between villages as raids were made and hostages were taken. In one of these events, six Azerbaijani villagers were killed in one attack by Armenian fighters in Garadaghly.[2]

Attack

The assault began at 5am on 17 February 1992. The battle continued for 11 hours and resulted in the capture of Garadaghly by Armenian troops.[3] Arabo and Aramo units, and Monte Melkonian's units took part in the operation.[4][5] The ITAR-TASS news agency quoted the Azerbaijani Popular Front's information center that "more than 20 people were killed and 15 wounded" when Armenian militants captured the village and forced the residents to flee to a nearby forest.[1] Survivors fled to Agdam over the mountains.[6]

Markar Melkonian, brother of Monte Melkonian, who participated in the capture of the village, describes in his book My Brother's Road that the fighters from Arabo and Aramo units gathered thirty-eight Azerbaijani captives, including several women and other non-combatants, in a ditch on the outskirts of the village. One of the captives in the ditch tossed a grenade, injuring one of the captors. The Arabo and Aramo fighters who were already "wishing to avenge the death of another comrade the day before, began stabbing and shooting their captives", until all died. One of the Armenian fighters doused several wounded Azerbaijani soldiers with gasoline and burned them alive. In the words of Melkonian, the ditch became a "butcher's scrap heap". According to Melkonian, "a total of fifty-three Azeris were killed in and around Karadaghlu within two days. Melkonian's brother wrote that Monte was against killings - he commanded that "no captives were to be harmed".[7]

Aftermath

After the capture of Garadaghly, the Azerbaijani defence minister Tajeddin Mehdiyev was fired. Letters had been sent by Azerbaijan to the United Nations, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and Red Cross condemning the killing of Azerbaijani civilians.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "20 killed in attack on Azerbaijani village". Deseret News. February 17, 1992. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  2. ^ de Waal, Thomas (2003). Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War. NYU Press. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-8147-1945-9.
  3. ^ Газ. "Бакинский рабочий", Т. Чалалзе. Сострадание. 1995.
  4. ^ Melkonian, Markar (2005). My brother's road: an American's fateful journey to Armenia. I.B. Tauris. pp. 211–212. ISBN 978-1-85043-635-5.
  5. ^ Rizvan Guseynov (17 August 2010). "Ибад Гусейнов: "Монте Мелконян на коленях просил пощадить его жизнь"". 1news.az. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020.
  6. ^ "NATO academic forum: Violence in NK area" (PDF). NATO. 14 December 2010. p. 10.
  7. ^ Melkonian, Markar (2005). My brother's road: an American's fateful journey to Armenia. I.B. Tauris. pp. 211–212. ISBN 978-1-85043-635-5.
  8. ^ "QARADAĞLI QƏTLİAMINDAN 18 İL KEÇİR". Yeni Musavat. 17 February 2010. Archived from the original on 21 May 2010.

Coordinates: 39°47′49″N 46°58′32″E / 39.79694°N 46.97556°E / 39.79694; 46.97556