Carolyn S. Griner


Carolyn S. Griner (born 1945)[1] is an American astronautical engineer. She served as the Acting Director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center from January 3, 1998 to September 11, 1998, between the terms of the eighth and ninth Directors. Before and after her term as Acting Director, she was Deputy Director of the Marshall Center. She retired from NASA on December 11, 2000.[2] She is currently a Vice President of Science Applications International Corporation in Huntsville, Alabama.

Carolyn S. Griner
Official NASA portrait of Carolyn S. Griner (1999)
Born1945 (age 76–77)
EducationBachelor’s degree in astronautical engineering at Florida State University, graduate work in industrial and systems engineering at University of Alabama in Huntsville
OccupationVice President
Science Applications International Corporation
Women scientists in training, (top to bottom) Carolyn Griner, Ann Whitaker, and Dr. Mary Helen Johnston, are shown simulating weightlessness while undergoing training in the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator at Marshall Space Flight Center in 1975.

Griner joined the Marshall staff in 1964. She has received numerous awards throughout her career, including the NASA Exceptional Service Medal in 1986, the Presidential Rank of Meritorious Executive in 1992 and the Presidential Rank of Distinguished Executive in 1995.

On June 30, 1999, Griner received the space agency's highest honor, the Distinguished Service Medal, for her extraordinary contributions to NASA's missions.[3]

She earned her bachelor's degree in astronautical engineering from Florida State University in Tallahassee in 1967. She has completed graduate work in industrial and systems engineering at the University of Alabama in Huntsville.

Candid shots of Carolyn Griner, Dr. Mary Helen Johnston, and Dr. Ann Whitaker (clockwise from front) wearing scuba gear at the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator for training in 1976.


  1. ^ David, Shayler; Shayler, David J.; Moule, Ian A.; Moule, Ian A. (6 April 2005). Women in Space - Following Valentina. ISBN 9781852337445.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. Retrieved 2010-12-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), NASA Press Release: Carolyn Griner, one of NASA’s female pioneers, to retire from Marshall Center
  3. ^ Marshall Center Managers, Retirees To Be Honored For Service at NASA Headquarters Ceremony, NASA News Release, June 30, 1999 Archived December 28, 2010, at WebCite

External linksEdit

  • NASA History Division - Center Directors