Castilian House of Burgundy

Summary

Castilian House of Burgundy
Casa de Borgoña
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg
Armorial of Castile and León
Parent houseHouse of Ivrea
CountryCrown of Castile, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of León
Founded1126
FounderRaymond of Burgundy
Final rulerPeter of Castile
Titles
Dissolution1369
Cadet branches

The Castilian House of Burgundy[1] is a cadet branch of the House of Ivrea descended from Raymond of Burgundy. Raymond married Urraca, the eldest legitimate daughter of Alfonso VI of León and Castile of the House of Jiménez. Two years after Raymond's death, Urraca succeeded her father and became queen of Castile and Leon; Urraca's and Raymond's offspring in the legitimate line ruled the kingdom from 1126 until the death of Peter of Castile in 1369, while their descendants in an illegitimate line, the House of Trastámara, would rule Castile and Aragón until the 16th century.

History

Origins

Raymond was the fourth son of William I, Count of Burgundy (from the House of Ivrea) and arrived in the Iberian peninsula probably in 1086 with the army of Odo I, Duke of Burgundy, who besieged the city Tudela, Navarre. In April 1087 the army abandoned the siege and returned home, but Odo, Raymond and Henry of Burgundy (Raymond's cousin) went west at the court of Alfonso VI king of Castile and León. There, Odo arranged the marriage of king's first daughter, Urraca, to Raymond on 1087; the couple received the county of Galicia as dowry.[2] In 1093 Alfonso VI married an illegitimate daughter Teresa to Henry and gave them the county of Portugal, which evolved to a kingdom.[3] In 1107 Raymond died, followed the next year by Sancho, the king's only son. Now his presumptive heiress, Urraca was married to Alfonso I of Navarre and Aragón, who was promised the kingdom to the exclusion of Urraca's son by Raymond. The couple proved incompatible, and following Alfonso VI's death in 1109, Urraca reigned as queen while resisting efforts by both her husband and her son by Raymond to take the crown. The latter succeeded on her death, becoming Alfonso VII, first king of Castile and León from the Castilian House of Ivrea.

Kings of Castile and León

Alfonso VII partitioned the kingdom to his sons: Sancho III received Castile & Toledo and Ferdinand received León & Galicia. The kingdoms remained divided under their sons Alfonso VIII of Castile and Alfonso IX of León, but in 1197 the latter married the daughter of the former, so following the death of her teenage brother, Henry I of Castile, this kingdom passed to her son by Alfonso IX, Ferdinand III. He permanently reunited the kingdoms on the death of his father and passed them to his own son, Alfonso X.

Alfonso X's eldest son Ferdinand died in 1275 leaving two sons, but the king's second son Sancho claimed to be the new heir. The king preferred Ferdinand's sons, but the nobility supported Sancho and a civil war began. The descendants of Ferdinand form the House of la Cerda. Alfonso X died in 1284 and finally his second son succeeded him, as Sancho IV. The grandson of Sancho IV, i.e. Alfonso XI, had legitimate son Peter of Castile and some illegitimate sons: Henry, Fadrique, etc. Henry attacked Peter with a host of soldiers of fortune in 1366. The Castilian Civil War followed: Peter was besieged at the fortress of Montiel. During the negotiations, Peter entered the tent of Henry's envoy, where Henry, which was hidden there, attacked him and killed him. Peter had no legitimate sons, and Henry became the new king as Henry II and was the founder of the House of Trastámara. His brother Fadrique became the founder of the House of Enríquez.

Family tree of Castilian House of Burgundy

William I
count of Burgundy
HOUSE OF IVREA
Stephen I
count of Burgundy
Raymond
CASTILIAN HOUSE OF IVREA
Urraca
queen of Castile & León
HOUSE OF JIMENEZ
Alfonso VII
king of Castile & León
Sancho III
king of Castile
Ferdinand II
king of León
Alphonso VIII
king of Castile
Alfonso IX
king of León
Ferdinand of Castile
heir apparent
Henry I
king of Castile
Ferdinand of León
heir apparent
Ferdinand III
king of Castile & León
Alfonso
lord of Molina
(illeg.) Rodrigo Alfonso
lord of Alexer
(illeg.) Martín Alfonso
(1) Alfonso X
king of Castile & León
Frederck
prince of Castille
Henry the Senator
prince of Castile
Philip
archbishop of Seville
Sancho
archbishop of Toledo
Manuel
lord of Villiena
Ferdinand de la Cerda
heir apparent
HOUSE OF LA CERDA
Sancho IV
king of Castile & León
Peter
lord of Ledesma
John
lord of Valencia de Campos
James
lord of Cameros
Alfonso Fernández el Niño
lord of Molina
Juan Manuel
prince of Villena
Alfonso the disinherited
baron of Lunel
Ferdinand
lord of Lara
Ferdinand IV
king of Castile-León
Peter
lord of Cameros
Philip
lord of Cabrera and Ribera
Juan
lord of Cuéllar
Alfonso of Spain
baron of Lunel
Luis
admiral of France
Juan Alfonso
lord of Gibraleón
Juan Núñez
lord of Lara
Alfonso XI
king of Castile & León
Charles
constable of France,
Count of Angoulême
Peter
king of Castile & León
(illeg.) Henry II
count of Trastámara,
king of Castile & León
HOUSE OF TRASTAMARA
(illeg.) Fadrique Alfonso
lord of Haro
HOUSE OF ENRIQUEZ
(illeg.) Tello Alfonso
lord of Aguilar de Campo
(illeg.) Sancho Alfonso
count of Alburquerque
Alonso
lord of Medina de Rioseco
Fadrique
lord of Medina de Rioseco


Notes

  1. ^ B. F. Reilly, "Burgundy, House of", in Medieval Iberia: An Encyclopedia, ed. E. Michael Gerli (Routledge, 2003), pp. 184–86.
  2. ^ Pallarés Méndez, María del Carmen; Portela, Ermelindo (2006). Η βασίλισσα Magpie . Συντάκτης NEREA. σ. 79. ISBN 9788496431188 .
  3. ^ La formación de Europa: Conquista, colonización y cambio cultural, 950-1350. Universitat de València. p. 67. ISBN 9788437056913.

References

  • Patxot y Ferrer, Fernando; en "Los héroes y las grandezas de la tierra: anales del mundo, formación, revoluciones y guerra de todos los imperios, desde la creación hasta nuestros días" (Tomo VI, Ed. Imprenta de Cervantes, Barcelona, año 1856).

See also

Castilian House of Burgundy
Cadet branch of the House of Ivrea
Preceded by
Jiménez dynasty
Royal Coat of Arms of the Crown of Castile (15th Century).svg
Ruling House of the
Kingdom of Castile and León

1126 – 1369
Succeeded by
House of Trastámara

Gallery