Cathedral of Saint George, Prizren

Summary

Serbian Orthodox Cathedral of Saint George in Prizren
Саборни храм Светог Ђорђа у Призрену
Sv. Djordje Prizren.jpg
Overview of the Cathedral
LocationPrizren, Kosovo[a] (Serbia)
DenominationSerbian Orthodox
History
StatusCathedral
Founded1856-1887
DedicationSaint George
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Administration
DioceseEparchy of Raška and Prizren
TypeRegistered monument[1]
Serbian Orthodox Cathedral of Saint George in Prizren, burned during the March Pogrom of 2004

Cathedral of Saint George in Prizren (Serbian: Саборни храм Светог Ђорђа у Призрену) is the Cathedral church of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Raška and Prizren, located in the town of Prizren, Kosovo[a]. It was built from 1856 to 1887, near the Old Church of Saint George, previous cathedral church of the same eparchy.[2] The Cathedral was burned and severely damaged by Albanian mobs during the 2004 unrest, but was later renovated.

History

Modern Serbian Orthodox Cathedral of Saint George in Prizren was built in the second half of the 19th century, during the Ottoman rule in the region. Initiative for the creation of a new cathedral church was launched during the first half of the 19th century, and only after long negotiations with Ottoman authorities final permission was obtained in 1855, and foundation was laid in 1856.[3] Up to that point, minor Old Church of Saint George served as a temporary cathedral church of the Eparchy of Raška and Prizren,[4] since Ottoman authorities previously took over the ancient medieval Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God (Bogorodica Ljeviška) in Prizren, and turned it into a mosque.[5] Local leaders of Eastern Orthodox Christians knew that ancient cathedral will not be returned to them as long as Prizren is under Ottoman rule, and therefore decided to build a new cathedral. Foundations were laid in 1856, but construction was completed in 1887. Prolonged construction was caused by constant financial and administrative difficulties.[6]

After the consecration of the new cathedral in 1887, additional efforts were undertaken in order to complete the internal inventory and decoration of the church. Significant acquisitions were made during the tenure of metropolitan Dionisije Petrović of Raška and Prizren (1896-1900),[7] and his successor, metropolitan Nićifor Perić (1901-1911).[8] Both of them were Serbian Orthodox hierarchs, appointed by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.

Major turning point in the history of the Cathedral occurred at the beginning of the First Balkan War (1912—1913). In the autumn of 1912, Prizren was annexed by the Kingdom of Serbia. In the spring of 1913, rector of the Serbian Orthodox Seminary of Prizren, protopresbyter Stevan Dimitrijević was appointed as administrator of the Eparchy. Under the Treaty of London (1913), Albanian-majority Prizren was officially annexed to Serbia. During the First World War (1914-1918), the region was occupied by the armies of the Central Powers from the end of 1915 up to the autumn of 1918. After the liberation in 1918, new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) was created, and included all territories of Serbia.[9] After the Serbian Patriarchate was renewed in 1920, Eparchy of Raška and Prizren was returned to the jurisdiction of the Serbian Orthodox Church, and the Cathedral of Saint George in Prizren was confirmed as the official cathedral church of the Eparchy.

In 1941, Kingdom of Yugoslavia was attacked and occupied by Nazi Germany and its allies.[10] The central parts of the Eparchy of Raška and Prizren, including the city of Prizren, were occupied by Italians.[11] Formally, Italian occupation zone was annexed to Fascist Albania. That marked the beginning of mass persecution of some ethnic groups in Prizren, and other annexed regions of Metohija (Dukagjini) and central Kosovo.[12] During that period, many Serbian churches of the Eparchy of Raška were looted and destroyed by the Italian army,[13].

March Pogrom of 2004 and restoration

After the Kosovo War (1999), territory of Kosovo including Prizren, was placed under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. During the March Pogrom of 2004, Serbian Orthodox Cathedral of Saint George in Prizren was looted and set on fire by local extremists.[14] Only after many difficulties, the Cathedral was gradually restored during next few years. On 26 December 2010, newly elected Serbian Orthodox bishop Teodosije Šibalić was enthroned in the restored Cathedral in Prizren, by the Serbian Patriarch Irinej.[15] In July 2012, the Cathedral was visited by Ban Ki-moon, the Secretary-General of the United Nations.[16] In March 2016, British royal delegation, lead by Charles, Prince of Wales, also visited the Cathedral.[17]

See also

Notes

^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

References

  1. ^ Cultural Monuments in Serbia: The Cathedral Church of St. George in Prizren
  2. ^ Ђокић 2016, p. 26-31.
  3. ^ Ђокић 2016, p. 28.
  4. ^ Костић 1928.
  5. ^ Ненадовић 1963, p. 33.
  6. ^ Ђокић 2016, p. 30.
  7. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 171.
  8. ^ Вуковић 1996, p. 378-379.
  9. ^ Ćirković 2004, p. 252-253.
  10. ^ Ćirković 2004, p. 268-269.
  11. ^ Јевтић 1990, p. 15-18.
  12. ^ Антонијевић 2005, p. 157-166.
  13. ^ Антонијевић 2014, p. 138-144.
  14. ^ Bouckaert 2004, p. 53-57.
  15. ^ Enthronement of newly-elected Bishop of Raška and Prizren Teodosije in Prizren
  16. ^ SOC (2012): UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon visits Decani Monastery and Cathedral church of St. George in Prizren
  17. ^ Prince Charles visited St. George's Serb Orthodox Cathedral in Prizren

Sources

  • Јастребов, Иван С. (1879). Податци за историју Српске цркве. Београд: Државна штампарија.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Новаковић, Стојан (1895). Цариградска Патријаршија и православље у Европској Турској: Разматрања у прилог расправи црквено-просветног питања у Европској Турској. Београд. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 2 September 2017.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Дучић, Нићифор (1896). Рашко-призренска митрополија и национално-културна мисија Краљевине Србије у Старој Србији и Маћедонији. Београд.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Иванић, Иван (1902). Из црквене историје Срба у Турској у XVIII и XIX веку. Београд-Нови Сад: Друштво Рад.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Костић, Петар (1928). Црквени живот православних Срба у Призрену и његовој околини у XIX веку. Београд: Народна мисао.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Богдановић, Димитрије (1985). Књига о Косову. Београд: Српска академија наука и уметности.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века. Београд: Евро.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Јевтић, Атанасије (1990). Страдања Срба на Косову и Метохији од 1941. до 1990. Приштина: Јединство.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Tomasevich, Jozo (2001). War and Revolution in Yugoslavia, 1941–1945: Occupation and Collaboration. 2. San Francisco: Stanford University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Bouckaert, Peter (2004). Failure to Protect: Anti-minority Violence in Kosovo, March 2004. New York: Human Rights Watch.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Антонијевић, Ненад (2005). "Албански злочини над Србима у италијанској зони на Косову и Метохији у Другом светском рату". Геноцид у 20. веку на просторима југословенских земаља. Крагујевац-Београд: Музеј жртава геноцида, Институт за новију историју Србије. pp. 157–166.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Јовић, Саво Б. (2007). Етничко чишћење и културни геноцид на Косову и Метохији: Сведочанства о страдању Српске православне цркве и српског народа од 1945. до 2005. године. Београд: Свети архијерејски синод Српске православне цркве.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Henry, Iseult (2007). Hiding Genocide in Kosovo: A crime against God and Humanity. Washington: The American Council for Kosovo.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Радомировић, Славица, ed. (2008). Шиптарски геноцид над Србима у 20. веку: Документа Архиве Епархије рашко-призренске и косовско-метохијске. Грачаница: Епархија рашко-призренска.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Марковић-Новаков, Александра (2011). Православна српска богословија у Призрену (1871-1890). Ниш: Епархија рашко-призренска: Епархија нишка.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Јагодић, Милош (2012). "Православна црква у новим крајевима Србије (1912-1915)" (PDF). Српске студије (3): 101–135. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2017.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Стојчевић, Павле (2013). Извештаји са распетог Косова Светом архијерејском синоду за Свети архијерејски сабор Српске православне цркве 1957-1990. Београд: Издавачка фондација Српске православне цркве Архиепископије београдско-карловачке, Фондација патријарх Павле.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Антонијевић, Ненад (2014). "Страдање Срба и Српске православне цркве на Косову и Метохији у Другом светском рату". Српски народ од Сарајевског атентата до Хашког трибунала. Београд: Удружење Срба из Хрватске. pp. 138–144.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Радић, Радмила; Исић, Момчило (2015). Српска црква у Великом рату 1914-1918. Београд-Гацко: Филип Вишњић, Просвјета.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ђокић, Небојша (2016). "Црква Светог Ђорђа у Призрену до ослобођенја од Турака" (PDF). Каленић (1): 26–31.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Женарју-Рајовић, Ивана (2016). Црквена уметност XIX века у Рашко-призренској епархији (1839-1912). Лепосавић-Приштина: Институт за српску културу.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Јагодић, Милош (2016). "Списак парохија у Рашко-призренској епархији за 1913. годину" (PDF). Српске студије (7): 368–411.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Јагодић, Милош (2017). "Свештенство у Рашко-призренској епархији 1913. године" (PDF). Црквене студије (14): 325–348. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 November 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2017.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links

  • Official pages of the Serbian Orthodox Eparchy of Raška and Prizren
  • SOC (2010): Ethronement ceremony of newly-elected Bishop Teodosije of Raska-Prizren in Prizren
  • SOC (2014): Feast day of Saint George the Great Martyr in Prizren
  • SOC (2016): Prince Charles visited the Cathedral church of Saint George in Prizren