For a partial differential equation defined on R^{n+1} and a smooth manifoldS ⊂ R^{n+1} of dimension n (S is called the Cauchy surface), the Cauchy problem consists of finding the unknown functions $u_{1},\dots ,u_{N}$ of the differential equation with respect to the independent variables $t,x_{1},\dots ,x_{n}$ that satisfies^{[2]}${\begin{aligned}&{\frac {\partial ^{n_{i}}u_{i}}{\partial t^{n_{i}}}}=F_{i}\left(t,x_{1},\dots ,x_{n},u_{1},\dots ,u_{N},\dots ,{\frac {\partial ^{k}u_{j}}{\partial t^{k_{0}}\partial x_{1}^{k_{1}}\dots \partial x_{n}^{k_{n}}}},\dots \right)\\&{\text{for }}i,j=1,2,\dots ,N;\,k_{0}+k_{1}+\dots +k_{n}=k\leq n_{j};\,k_{0}<n_{j}\end{aligned}}$
subject to the condition, for some value $t=t_{0}$,

where $\phi _{i}^{(k)}(x_{1},\dots ,x_{n})$ are given functions defined on the surface $S$ (collectively known as the Cauchy data of the problem). The derivative of order zero means that the function itself is specified.

Cauchy–Kowalevski theorem

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The Cauchy–Kowalevski theorem states that If all the functions $F_{i}$ are analytic in some neighborhood of the point $(t^{0},x_{1}^{0},x_{2}^{0},\dots ,\phi _{j,k_{0},k_{1},\dots ,k_{n}}^{0},\dots )$, and if all the functions $\phi _{j}^{(k)}$ are analytic in some neighborhood of the point $(x_{1}^{0},x_{2}^{0},\dots ,x_{n}^{0})$, then the Cauchy problem has a unique analytic solution in some neighborhood of the point $(t^{0},x_{1}^{0},x_{2}^{0},\dots ,x_{n}^{0})$.

^Hadamard, Jacques (1923). Lectures on Cauchy's Problem in Linear Partial Differential Equations. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 4–5. OCLC 1880147.

^Petrovsky, I. G. (1991) [1954]. Lectures on Partial Differential Equations. Translated by Shenitzer, A. (Dover ed.). New York: Interscience. ISBN 0-486-66902-5.

3.^ Hille,Einar (1956)[1954]. Some Aspect of Cauchy's Problem Proceedings of '5 4 ICM vol III section II (analysis half-hour invited address) p.1 0 9 ~ 1 6 .

4.^ Sigeru Mizohata(溝畑 茂 1965). Lectures on Cauchy Problem. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.

5.^ Sigeru Mizohata (1985).On the Cauchy Problem. Notes and Reports in Mathematics in Science and Engineering. 3. Academic Press, Inc.. ISBN 9781483269061

6.^Arendt, Wolfgang; Batty, Charles; Hieber, Matthias; Neubrander, Frank (2001), Vector-valued Laplace Transforms and Cauchy Problems, Birkhauser.