Cenderawasih Bay

Summary

Cenderawasih Bay
ID Geelvinkbaai.PNG
Location of Cenderawasih Bay
Cenderawasih Bay is located in Western New Guinea
Cenderawasih Bay
Cenderawasih Bay
LocationWestern New Guinea
Coordinates2°30′00″S 135°20′00″E / 2.50000°S 135.33333°E / -2.50000; 135.33333Coordinates: 2°30′00″S 135°20′00″E / 2.50000°S 135.33333°E / -2.50000; 135.33333
TypeBay
Native nameTeluk Cenderawasih  (Indonesian)
Basin countries Indonesia
Max. width450 kilometres (280 mi)
Max. depth1,627 metres (5,338 ft)

Cenderawasih Bay (Indonesian: Teluk Cenderawasih, "Bird of Paradise Bay"), also known as Sarera Bay (Indonesian: Teluk Sarera) and formerly Geelvink Bay (Dutch: Geelvinkbaai), is a large bay in northern Province of Papua and West Papua, New Guinea, Indonesia.[1]

Geography

Cenderawasih Bay is a large bay to the northwest of the Indonesian province of Papua and east of the province of West Papua, between the Bird's Head Peninsula and the mouth of the Mamberamo River.

The bay is more than 300 kilometers wide. The coastline from Manokwari, in the northwest of the bay, to Cape d'Urville at the mouth of the Mamberamo is more than 700 kilometers long. To the south, the Wandammen peninsula heads north into the bay. Important places along the coast are Manokwari, Ransiki, Wasior and Nabire.

The Wamma River, Tabai River, Warenai River, and Wapoga River empty into the Bay.

History

German Map of Cenderawasih Bay from the North New Guinea Expedition (1903)

The Dutch name of the bay was after the frigate De Geelvink with which Jacob Weyland sailed through the bay in 1705. The Dutch frigate was named after Geelvinck family.

The Tidore Sultanate had tributary ties with the region. Seafarers from the area used to regularly pay homage to the sultan.[2]

Marine National park

Wooden spatula from Cenderawasih Bay (previously Gheelvink Bay). Muséum de Toulouse.

Teluk Cenderawasih National Park is located in the Teluk Cenderawasih. In the Cenderawasih Bay extensive coral reefs exists. Parts of the area have been declared a protected marine reserve of 1.5 million hectares, the largest natural park in Southeast Asia. The western part of the bay was declared a marine national park in 2002. The Wondiwoi/Wandammen Natural Reserve of 730 km2 protects the great biodiversity of the Wandammen Peninsula.

Islands

In the bay is the archipelago known as the Schouten Islands (also called the Biak Islands, or Geelvink Islands), comprising Biak, the Padaido Islands, Supiori and Numfor (Numfoor). Further south in the bay is the 140 kilometer long island of Yapen (Japen). Smaller islands in the bay are Mios Num (Pulau Num), Rumberpon, Waar (or Meoswaar), Roon and Kurudu. The Mapia Islands lie to the north, and south of Palau.

West Papua Province

  • Auri Islands archipelago (Kepulauan Auri)
  • Meos Waar
  • Rumberpon
  • Roon Island
  • Meos Angra

Papua Province

See also

References

  1. ^ Teluk Sarera: Indonesia National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA
  2. ^ Slama, Martin (2015), "Papua as an Islamic Frontier: Preaching in 'the Jungle' and the Multiplicity of Spatio-Temporal Hierarchisations", From 'Stone-Age' to 'Real-Time': Exploring Papuan Temporalities, Mobilities and Religiosities, ANU Press, pp. 243–270, ISBN 978-1-925022-43-8