|Mission type||Orbiter, Lander, lunar rover, flying probe|
|Start of mission|
|Rocket||Chang Zheng 5|
Chang'e 7 (Chinese: 嫦娥七号; pinyin: Cháng'é qīhào) is a planned robotic Chinese lunar exploration mission expected to be launched in 2024 to target the lunar south pole. Like its predecessors, the spacecraft is named after the Chinese moon goddess Chang'e.
The Chinese Lunar Exploration Program is designed to be conducted in four phases of incremental technological advancement: The first is simply reaching lunar orbit, a task completed by Chang'e 1 in 2007 and Chang'e 2 in 2010. The second is landing and roving on the Moon, as Chang'e 3 did in 2013 and Chang'e 4 did in 2019. The third is collecting lunar samples from the near-side and sending them to Earth, a task for the future Chang'e 5 and Chang'e 6 missions. The fourth phase consists of development of a robotic research station near the Moon's south pole. The program aims to facilitate a crewed lunar landing in the 2030s and possibly build an outpost near the lunar south pole.
The Chang’e-7 mission will consist of an orbiter and a lander which will deploy both a lunar rover and a mini-flying probe. A relay satellite will support the mission which could be an uprated version of the Queqiao relay satellite for the ongoing Chang'e 4 lunar far side mission.
Chang’e-7 will carry a total of 23 science payloads and aim to conduct a detailed survey of the environment and resources in the lunar south polar region. Mission goals include a fixed-point landing, building on the Chang'e 4 far side landing. The mini-flying probe will carry out in-situ observations of a permanently shadowed crater. The novel spacecraft will carry a water molecule and hydrogen isotope analyzer payload.
The orbiter will carry a high-resolution stereo-mapping camera, radar and infrared imagers, a neutron and gamma-ray spectrometer and a magnetometer. The relay satellite will assist in Earth-moon Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) measurement and radio astronomy observations. The lander and rover will carry a combination of payloads from earlier Chang’e missions. These include topography and panoramic cameras, ground-penetrating radar and an ultraviolet camera. New experiments will include a seismometer, magnetometer and raman spectrometer.