Changanassery, IPA: [t̠͡ʃɐŋːɐn̺ɐːʃːeːɾi], (also known by its former name Changanacherry) is a municipal town in Kottayam district in the state of Kerala, India. Changanassery is the gateway to the Western Ghats and Kuttanad. It is one of the major educational and religious centres of Kerala, with nearly 100% literacy. There are five colleges, eight higher secondary schools, one vocational higher secondary school and ten high schools within a four-kilometre radius of the town.
|• Total||13.5 km2 (5.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Density||3,500/km2 (9,100/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||KL 33|
Changanacherry Pin Code is 686101. Pin Code is also known as Zip Code or Postal Code. Changanacherry is located in district Kottayam, Kerala, INDIA.
Changanassery is located 18 km south of Kottayam on the Main Central road. With a population of 127,987 as of 2011, its population was already 36,000 as early as the 1951 census. The town is situated near the tripoint of Kottayam, Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts. It had one of the leading markets in Kerala connecting the main three districts. It is located in between the low level paddy fields of Kuttanad and the sloppy midlands of the eastern parts of the Kottayam and Pathanamthitta districts.
The first recorded history on the origin of Changanacherry is obtained from Sangam period literature. According to Sangam era documents, Uthiyan Cheralathan (Perum Chorru Udiyan Cheralathan, Athan I, or Udiyanjeral - AD c. 130) is the first recorded Kera (Chera) dynasty ruler of the Sangam period in ancient South India.  He had his capital at a place called "Kuzhumur" in Kuttanad and expanded the kingdom northward and eastward from his original homeland (izham or illam in Tamil). His lifetime is broadly determined to be between the first and third century AD. His queen was Veliyan Nalini, the daughter of Veliyan Venman.
Present-day Changanacherry and Kuttanad was the capital of the Kera (Chera) dynasty at that time until it was burnt down by Karikala Chola, changing the name of Kuzhumur to Chutta-nadu ("burnt-land"), which became Kuttanad. Similarly, "Keralathan" is the Malayalam pronunciation of Tamil "Cheralathan" and the world "Keralam" may be a derivative version of "Chera-izham" or "Kera-illam", meaning "Chera-homeland" in Tamil. Keralathan's descendant was Senguttavan Cheran (Chenguttavan means "brave-hearted" in Malayalam); the towns of Chenganacherri and Chengana are named after him). Sengana-cherri means "Sengan's town" in old Tamil. After the Chera dynasty defeat, the word cherri took on the concurrent meaning of "the land of the defeated" and eventually was equated to mean a slum in Chola kingdom.
The city is governed by the Changanacherry Municipal Council.Ms Sandhya Manoj is the chairperson of the municipality and the vice chairperson Mr Binu.
It heads the taluk Kachery (office). It also heads the Munsiff's court and the judicial first class magistrate's court. Changanacherry assembly constituency was a part of Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency). However, after the Delimitation Commission's Report in 2005, in order to retain Mavelikkara Lok Sabha Constituency, Changanacherry segment in Kottayam and the neighbouring constituencies in Alappuzha and Kollam districts were put together under Mavelikkara constituency. Sri. Kodikunnil Suresh represents Mavelikkara constituency in Parliament and Sri. C. F. Thomas has been representing Changanacherry Constituency in the Kerala Legislative Assembly for almost the last four decades.
As of the 2011 India census Changanassery municipality has a population of 47,485; the total population of Changanassery UA/Metropolitan region is 127,987. The male population was 61,807, while the female population was 66,180.
The literacy rate of Changanassery Agglomeration is 97.56%, which is higher than the national urban average of 85%. The literacy rates for male and female for Changanassery stood at 98.19% and 96.98% respectively. Total literates in Changanassery UA were 113,597, of which males were 54,901 and the remaining 58,696 were females.
The child population (age 0–6) of Changanassery UA is around 9.02% of the total Changanassery UA population, which is lower than the national urban average of 10.93%. The total number of children in Changanassery urban region was 11,550, of which 5,895 were males while the remaining 5,655 children were females.
There was a Vedic school at Vazhappally Salagramam (Vazhappally Shala) in ancient times during the rule of the Thekkumkur. It was run exclusively for Brahmins. It is the oldest educational institution in Changanassery on record. The Vazhappally Sala was destroyed by army of Ramayyan Dalawa during the Battle of Changanassery between Thekkumkur and Travancore in 1790.
The state-run Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) runs bus services to nearby towns. Separate private bus terminals are available for those traveling to Eastern High Range areas. Also, a combined bus station facility for both private and state buses travelling to Western Changanassery (Kuttanad), Southern Changanassery (Mavelikara) and Northern Changanassery (Kottayam) is available. There is a dedicated KSRTC bus station in the heart of the town. Govt Water Transport facilities are available to remote places and major towns nearby. Changanacherry railway station serves Western Changanassery (Kuttanad) and Eastern Changanassery (Karukachal). Cochin International Airport is the nearest airport, which is 106 km away from Changanacherry.
|Ferry Services from / to Changanacherry|
|Changanacherry||07:45||Lisieux (near Kavalam)||Kidangara-Michael Church-Krishnapuram-Kavalam|
|09:15||Alappuzha||Kidangara-Michael Church-Krishnapuram-Kavalam-Lisieux-Rajapuram-C Block-Kuppapuram-Soman Jetty|
|16:45||Alappuzha||Kidangara-Michael Church-Krishnapuram-Kavalam-Lisieux-Rajapuram-C Block-Kuppapuram-Soman Jetty|
|Lisieux (near Kavalam)||09:15||Kavalam-Krishnapuram-Michael Church-Kidangara|
|Lisieux (near Kavalam)||16:15||Kavalam-Krishnapuram-Michael Church-Kidangara|
Notable worship centres in Changanacherry are The Holy Trinity Church, Perunnai Sree Subramaniya Swamy Temple, Anandasramam, St. Mary's church (Parel palli), (Metropolitan Church), India Pentecostal Church of God [IPC], Assemblies of God Church [Pentecostal church], Kavil Bhagavathi Temple, Puthoorpalli Muslim Juma-ath and Syro-Malabar Catholic Archdiocese of Changanassery
Mary's Church, Parel (Changanacherry) Established in 1981, this is a designated pilgrim centre which attracts multitudes disregarding social divisions on religion and caste.
Marth Mariyam Metropolitan Cathedral, also known as Valiyapally, is the cathedral of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Archeparchy of Changanassery and also a Marian pilgrimage centre in Kerala,
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