Charenton-le-Pont

Summary

Charenton-le-Pont (French pronunciation: [ʃaʁɑ̃tɔ̃ lə pɔ̃] (listen)) is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 6.2 km (3.9 mi) from the centre of Paris, to the north of the confluence of the Seine and Marne rivers; the Pont (French for 'Bridge') part of the name refers to the stone bridge across the Marne.[2] It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe.

Charenton-le-Pont
Arthur Dussault Square in Charenton
Arthur Dussault Square in Charenton
Coat of arms of Charenton-le-Pont
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Location of Charenton-le-Pont
Charenton-le-Pont is located in France
Charenton-le-Pont
Charenton-le-Pont
Charenton-le-Pont is located in Île-de-France (region)
Charenton-le-Pont
Charenton-le-Pont
Coordinates: 48°49′35″N 2°24′18″E / 48.8265°N 2.405°E / 48.8265; 2.405Coordinates: 48°49′35″N 2°24′18″E / 48.8265°N 2.405°E / 48.8265; 2.405
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-de-Marne
ArrondissementNogent-sur-Marne
CantonCharenton-le-Pont
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Hervé Gicquel
Area
1
1.85 km2 (0.71 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[1]
29,882
 • Density16,000/km2 (42,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
94018 /94220
Elevation28–57 m (92–187 ft)
(avg. 36 m or 118 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Public park in Charenton-le-Pont, nearby Charenton-Ecoles metro station

The Charenton Psychiatric Hospital is located in the neighbouring commune Charenton-Saint-Maurice, which changed its name in 1842 to Saint Maurice.

HistoryEdit

A Bronze Age hoard of weapons was found in the river Seine at Charenton in the late nineteenth century. Comprising swords, axes, spearheads and other miscellaneous objects, it is now in the British Museum.[3]

Charenton was always a point of importance for the defence of the capital, and was frequently the scene of bloody conflicts. The fort of Charenton, located in Maisons-Alfort but intended to defend Charenton, is one of the older forts of the Paris defence.

In the 16th and 17th centuries, Charenton was the scene of the ecclesiastical councils of the Protestant party, which had its principal church in the town.[2]

In the now-named commune St Maurice, adjoining Charenton to the east, is the Hospice de Charenton, a psychiatric hospital, the foundation of which dates from 1641. Until the time of the Revolution it was used as a general hospital, and even as a prison, but from 1802 onwards it was specially appropriated to the treatment of mental illness.[2]

On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris was enlarged by annexing neighbouring communes. On that occasion, half of the commune of Bercy was annexed to the city of the Paris, and the remaining half was annexed to Charenton-le-Pont.

In 1929, the commune of Charenton-le-Pont lost about a third of its territory when the city of Paris annexed the Bois de Vincennes, a small part of which belonged to Charenton-le-Pont.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,500—    
1800 1,126−4.01%
1806 1,264+1.95%
1821 1,400+0.68%
1831 1,977+3.51%
1836 2,558+5.29%
1841 3,393+5.81%
1846 3,505+0.65%
1851 3,219−1.69%
1856 4,258+5.75%
1861 5,534+5.38%
1866 6,190+2.27%
1872 7,141+2.41%
1876 8,822+5.43%
1881 11,826+6.04%
1886 13,535+2.74%
1891 15,306+2.49%
1896 16,811+1.89%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 17,980+1.35%
1906 18,372+0.43%
1911 19,499+1.20%
1921 20,872+0.68%
1926 20,891+0.02%
1931 21,098+0.20%
1936 20,946−0.14%
1946 21,457+0.24%
1954 22,079+0.36%
1962 22,530+0.25%
1968 22,300−0.17%
1975 20,468−1.22%
1982 20,500+0.02%
1990 21,872+0.81%
1999 26,582+2.19%
2007 28,414+0.84%
2012 30,148+1.19%
2017 30,374+0.15%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

TransportEdit

Charenton-le-Pont is served by two stations on Paris Métro Line 8: Liberté and Charenton — Écoles.

EducationEdit

As of 2015 the commune has 14 public and private schools.[6]

  • Public preschools (écoles maternelles): 4 vents, Cerisae, Champ des Alouettes, Conflans, Port au Lions, and Valmy
  • Public elementary schools: Briand A, Briand B, Desnos, Pasteur, and Valmy
  • Collège la Cerisaie (junior high school)
  • Lycée Robert Schuman (public senior high school/sixth-form college)
  • Notre dame des Missions (private school, elementary through senior high school/sixth form college)

SportEdit

Charenton shares the association football club CA Paris-Charenton with the nearby town Maisons-Alfort. They play in all red with blue shorts. They are a merger between CA Paris (founded in 1892)—who won the 1920 Coupe de France, were second place in the 1928 Coupe de France, played in the first two seasons of Ligue 1, and then played in Ligue 2 until 1963—and SO Charentonnais (founded in 1904). The two merged in 1964. The club is chaired by Oscar Gonçalves. They mainly play at the Stade Henri Guérin in Charenton, but also play many matches at the Stade Charentonneau in Maisons-Alfort.

Twin towns - Sister citiesEdit

Charenton-le-Pont is twinned with:

EconomyEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ British Museum Collection
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Charenton-le-Pont, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ "Les établissements scolaires de Charenton." Charenton. Retrieved on September 6, 2016.
  7. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
  8. ^ "Trowbridge - Market town twins with Arab city". BBC News. BBC News Channel. 2006-10-03. Archived from the original on 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2013-08-01.

External linksEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Charenton-le-Pont". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 858.
  • Charenton-le-Pont city council website (in French)
  • Historical notes (in French)