Charged particle


In physics, a charged particle is a particle with an electric charge. For example, some elementary particles, like the electron or quarks are charged.[1] Some composite particles like protons are charged particles. An ion, such as a molecule or atom with a surplus or deficit of electrons relative to protons are also charged particles.

A plasma is a collection of charged particles, atomic nuclei and separated electrons, but can also be a gas containing a significant proportion of charged particles.

Charged particles are labeled as either positive (+) or negative (-). The designations are arbitrary. Nothing is inherent to a positively charged particle that makes it "positive", and the same goes for negatively charged particles.

Examples edit

Positively charged particles edit

Negatively charged particles edit

Particles with zero charge edit

References edit

  1. ^ Frisch, David H.; Thorndike, Alan M. (1964). Elementary Particles. Princeton, New Jersey: David Van Nostrand. p. 54.
  • "Ionizing radiation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-10-11.
  • "Specific Ionization & LET". Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  • "α입자와 물질과의 상호작용". Radiation & biology & etc. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  • "7_1.3 The Bragg Curve". Archived from the original on 2016-03-01. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
  • "range | particle radiation". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-06-21.

External links edit

  • Charged particle motion in E/B Field