|Born||July 18, 1916|
New York City, U.S.
|Died||May 15, 2019(aged 102)|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
University of Wisconsin–Madison
|Known for||RKKY interaction|
Introduction to Solid State Physics textbook
|Awards||Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize (1957)|
|Institutions||University of California, Berkeley|
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Thesis||The fine structure of nuclear energy levels on the alpha model (1941)|
|Doctoral advisor||Gregory Breit|
|Doctoral students||Raymond L. Orbach|
Charles Kittel was born in New York City in 1916. He studied at the University of Cambridge, England, where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts (BA) in 1938. He published his thesis, under Gregory Breit, in 1941 at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) between 1945 and 1947. During World War II, he joined the Submarine Operations Research Group (SORG). (He is mentioned on page 478 of RV Jones' book Most Secret War, published 1978.) He served in the United States Navy as a naval attache. From 1947 to 1951, he worked for Bell Laboratories, New Jersey, USA, especially on ferromagnetism.
From 1951 to 1978, he worked at the University of California, Berkeley, where he taught and did research in the field of theoretical solid-state physics, a part of condensed-matter physics. He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1945, 1956 and 1963. Many well-known postdoctoral fellows worked with him, including James C. Phillips and Pierre-Gilles de Gennes.
Among other achievements, Kittel is credited with the theoretical discovery of the RKKY interaction (the first K standing for Kittel) and the Kittel magnon mode in ferromagnets.
Kittel died on May 15, 2019, at the age of 102.