|Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare,|
Government of India
10 July 1996 – 19 March 1998
|Prime Minister||H. D. Deve Gowda|
I. K. Gujral
|Preceded by||H. D. Deve Gowda|
|Succeeded by||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Preceded by||Bhogendra Jha|
|Succeeded by||Shakeel Ahmad|
|Member of Parliament of Rajya Sabha for Bihar|
|Born||7 April 1925|
Nahar, Madhubani District, Bihar
|Died||July 2, 2011(aged 86)|
|Political party||Communist Party of India|
Indian freedom fighter
Chaturanan Mishra (7 April 1925 – 2 July 2011) was an Indian politician and trade unionist. Mishra, who was born in Nahar, Madhubani District, was a key leader of the Communist Party of India in Bihar, and served as the Agriculture Minister of India in the United Front government.
Between 1969 and 1980 he was a Member of the Legislative Assembly of Bihar, representing the Giridih seat. He led the CPI faction in the Legislative Assembly for ten years. During this period he was referred to as 'the backbone of CPI in Bihar'. Madhubani, Mishra's home turf, got the nickname 'Leningrad of Bihar'. Mishra also served as president of the World Miners Association for a period.
He was defeated by Urmila Devi of the Congress (I) in a 1981 by-election (the 1980 election had been suspended following the death of Congress (I) candidate Randhir Prasad, Urmila Devi's husband). Mishra's candidature had been supported by the CPI(M), RSP and Lok Dal.
In April 1989 he was included in the party secretariat of CPI.
In 1990, he was again elected to the Rajya Sabha.
Mishra was elected to the Lok Sabha in the 1996 election from the Madhubani constituency with 282,194 votes. His candidature had been supported by Janata Dal. After the election he became Union Minister for Agriculture, a position he would hold until 1998. Mishra was one of the two (along with Indrajit Gupta) first communist Union Ministers in Indian history. In May 1997 he also overtook the portfolios of Food, Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution as Union Minister.
In 1998 Mishra was excluded from the CPI secretariat. Officially health factors were claimed as the rationale behind his exclusion, but the press speculated that the move was motivated by Mishra's opposition on the position of the party in opposing the introduction of President's Rule in Bihar.