Cherbourg-Octeville
May 2006 aerial view of Cherbourg
May 2006 aerial view of Cherbourg
Coat of arms of Cherbourg-Octeville
Coat of arms
Location of Cherbourg-Octeville
Cherbourg-Octeville is located in France
Cherbourg-Octeville
Cherbourg-Octeville
Cherbourg-Octeville is located in Normandy
Cherbourg-Octeville
Cherbourg-Octeville
Coordinates: 49°38′N 1°37′W / 49.63°N 1.62°W / 49.63; -1.62Coordinates: 49°38′N 1°37′W / 49.63°N 1.62°W / 49.63; -1.62
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentManche
ArrondissementCherbourg
Canton3 cantons
CommuneCherbourg-en-Cotentin
Area
1
14.26 km2 (5.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
82,578
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal code
50100
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Cherbourg-Octeville (/ˈʃɛərbʊərɡ/, also UK: /ˈʃɜːrbʊərɡ/,[2][3] US: /ˈʃɛərbʊər, ʃɛərˈbʊər/,[4][5] French: [ʃɛʁbuʁ ɔkt(ə)vil] (About this soundlisten)) is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche. It is a subprefecture of its department, and was officially formed when the commune of Cherbourg absorbed Octeville on 28 February 2000.[6] On 1 January 2016, it was merged into the new commune of Cherbourg-en-Cotentin.[7] The city is a Maritime prefecture and sub-prefecture of la Manche. Due to its union, it is the most populated city in its department with 37,121 inhabitants[note 1] (over 85,000[8] with its suburbs)[note 2] making it the first city of the department before the Saint-Lô prefecture and the second in the region after Caen.

Cherbourg-en-Cotentin is protected by Cherbourg Harbour, between La Hague and Val de Saire, and the city has been a strategic position over the centuries, disputed between the English and French. Cited as one of the "keys to the kingdom" by Vauban, it became, by colossal maritime development work, a first-rate military port under the leadership of Louis XVI and Napoleon, and holds an arsenal of the French Navy. A stopping point for prestigious transatlantic liners in the first half of the 20th century, Cherbourg was the primary goal of US troops during the invasion of