Chile

Summary

Coordinates: 34°S 71°W / 34°S 71°W / -34; -71

Republic of Chile

República de Chile  (Spanish)
Motto: 
  • Por la razón o la fuerza
  • (English: "By reason or by force")
Chilean territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green
Chilean territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green
Capital
and largest city
Santiagoa
33°26′S 70°40′W / 33.433°S 70.667°W / -33.433; -70.667
National languageSpanish
Ethnic groups
(2012)[1]
Religion
(2012)[1][2]
86.2% Christianity
—66.7% Roman Catholic
—16.4% Protestant
—3.5% Other Christian
11.5% No religion
0.9% Other religions
1.1% Unspecified
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Sebastián Piñera
Yasna Provoste
Diego Paulsen
LegislatureNational Congress
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
from Spain
18 September 1810
• Declared
12 February 1818
• Recognized
25 April 1844
11 September 1980
Area
• Total
756,096.3[3] km2 (291,930.4 sq mi) (37th)
• Water (%)
2.1 (as of 2015)[4]
Population
• 2017 census
17,574,003[5] (64th)
• Density
24/km2 (62.2/sq mi) (198th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $456.394 billion[6] (43rd)
• Per capita
Decrease $23,455[6] (57th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $245.414 billion[6] (45th)
• Per capita
Decrease $12,612[6] (55th)
Gini (2017)Steady 44.4[7]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.851[8]
very high · 43rd
CurrencyChilean peso (CLP)
Time zoneUTC−4 and −6 (CLT and EASTc)
• Summer (DST)
UTC-3 and −5
April to September
Date formatdd/mm/yyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+56
ISO 3166 codeCL
Internet TLD.cl
  1. Legislature is based in Valparaíso.
  2. Includes Easter Island and Isla Salas y Gómez; does not include 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of territory claimed in Antarctica.

Chile,[a] officially the Republic of Chile,[b] is a country in western South America. It occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Chile covers an area of 756,096 square kilometres (291,930 sq mi), with a population of 17.5 million as of 2017.[5] Chile is the southernmost country in the world, the closest to Antarctica, and borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chile also controls the Pacific islands of