China Meteorological Administration


The China Meteorological Administration (CMA) is the national weather service of the People's Republic of China. The institution is located in Beijing.[1]

China Meteorological Administration
Zhōngguó Qìxiàng Jú
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
China meteorological administration logo.png
Logo of CMA
China Meteorological Administration headquarters (20230219171954).jpg
Headquarters of CMA
Agency overview
FormedDecember 8, 1949; 73 years ago (1949-12-08)
Superseding agency
JurisdictionMainland China
Minister responsible
  • Liu Yaming, Administrator
Parent agencyState Council
China Meteorological Administration
Simplified Chinese中国气象局
Traditional Chinese中國氣象局


The agency was originally established in December 1949 as the Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau. It replaced the Central Weather Bureau formed in 1941. In 1994, the CMA was transformed from a subordinate governmental body into one of the public service agencies under the State Council.[2]

Meteorological bureaus are established in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, excluding meteorological services at Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. 14 meteorological bureaus at sub-provincial cities including 4 cities which have been specifically designated in the state development plan), 318 meteorological bureaus at prefecture level and 2,300 bureaus (stations) at county level.[2][3]

Subordinate bodies under the CMAEdit

Beijing Meteorological Bureau, the capital weather forecasting office
  • National Meteorological Center (the Central Meteorological Observatory)[2]
  • National Satellite Meteorological Centre (National Centre for Space Weather Monitoring and Warning)
  • National Climate Center
  • National Meteorological Information Centre
  • Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
  • Meteorological Observation Center
  • China Meteorological Administration Training Centre
  • Department of Capital Construction & Real Estate Management
  • Logistic Service Centre
  • Audio-Visual Publicity Center
  • China Meteorological News Press, and Meteorological Press.
  • China Weather TV

See alsoEdit

The Special Administrative Regions operate their own meteorological units outside of CMA:


  1. ^ "中国气象局_中国政府网". Retrieved 2022-08-05.
  2. ^ a b c history Archived 2008-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "机构设置-省(区、市)气象局". Retrieved 2022-08-05.

External linksEdit

  • Official website (in English)
  • Official website (in Chinese)
  • "CMA Supercomputing site history on".