|Owner|| China Media Group|
(Government of the People's Republic of China)
|Launch date||5 December 1949|
|Stations||17 terrestrial stations|
4 digital radio channels
|China National Radio|
|Literal meaning||Central People's Broadcasting Station|
The infrastructure began with a transmitter from Moscow to set up its first station in Yan'an (延安). It used the call sign XNCR ("New China Radio") for broadcasts, and is the first radio station set up by the Chinese Communist Party in 1940.
In the west, it was known as the Yan'an New China Radio Station (延安新华广播电台) broadcasting two hours daily. In China, it was called the Yan'an Xinhua Broadcasting Station, which was established on 30 December 1940.
On 25 March 1949, it was renamed Shanbei Xinhua Broadcasting Station (陕北新华广播电台) after it departed from Yan'an. It began to broadcast in Peiping under the name of Peiping Xinhua Broadcasting Station (北平新华广播电台). On December 5, 1949, it was officially named to Central People's Broadcasting Station, two months after the establishment of the People's Republic of China. The station offered 15.5 hours of daily programming broadcast to most parts of China.
Mao Zedong emphasized that all citizens should listen to the station on 5 May 1941. The "Central Press and Broadcasting Bureau" was the driver in pushing all schools, army units, and public organizations of all levels to install loud public speakers and radio transmitters. By the 1960s, 70 million speakers were installed reaching the rural population of 400 million.
The Central People's Broadcasting Station innovated wired transmissions, which were linked to the commonly found telephone poles hanging with loud speakers. It was part of Mao's ideology of delivering "Politics on Demand". The station served as the headquarters for propaganda during the Cultural Revolution.
The station was later renamed China National Radio as its English name. It would move to a new building in 1998.
Today, CNR forms the national radio service of the state-owned China Media Group, continuing its mission to broadcast a variety of radio programmes to listeners all over China and around the world.
(literally: Voice of China[note 1])
|The flagship radio station of CNR
Mainly news and commentaries, 24 hours a day
Major programmes: News and Newspapers Summary (新闻和报纸摘要), National Network News (全国新闻联播), CNR News (央广新闻)
|A national service, mainly business news, 24 hours a day||
|Broadcasting Chinese and world pop music on FM in many main cities in China, broadcasting during GMT+8 6–24||on FM 90.0 in Beijing, FM107.7 in Shanghai, FM 87.4 in Guangzhou, etc. (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)|
|Previously known as Metro Radio (都市之声)
Broadcasting in Beijing only, mainly classic music, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-1
|on FM 101.8 in Beijing|
|The first Taiwan service, broadcasting in Mandarin, mainly news, entertainment, talk, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-1||
|Shenzhou Easy Radio (literally: Sound of the Divine Land)
|The second Taiwan service, broadcasting in dialects including Amoy, Hakka and entertainment in Mandarin, broadcasting during GMT+8 6–24||
|Radio The Greater Bay
|The Zhujiang delta, Hong Kong and Macao Service, broadcasting in Mandarin, Cantonese, Teochew, Hakka, Shanghainese and Amoy, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-2||
|Ethnic Minority Radio
|The Minorities Service, including Korean and Mongolian service.||
May transferred by IMRBN General News during 11:00–12:00, or by other local radio channels in Inner Mongolia. May transferred by Yanbian Korean Radio during 20:00–21:00
|Broadcasting in Beijing only, all literature and entertainment programmes, broadcasting during GMT+8 5-2||on FM 106.6 in Beijing|
|Senior Citizen Radio
|Broadcasting in Beijing only, for the elderly, including entertainment, health programmes etc., broadcasting during GMT+8 4:00–1:30||on AM 1053 in Beijing|
|Tibetan service, broadcasting during GMT+8 6–24||
|Broadcasting in Beijing only, mainly audio reading, broadcasting during GMT+8 6-2||on AM 747 in Beijing|
|Hong Kong Edition
|Broadcasting in Hong Kong only, in Mandarin, Cantonese, Teochew and Hakka, 24 hours a day||on AM 675 (relayed by RTHK) and FM 87.8 in Hong Kong and Shenzhen|
|Broadcasting nationwide on highways, offering highway information||on FM 99.6 in Beijing, Tianjin, FM 101.2 in Hebei, FM 95.5 in Shanghai, FM 90.5 in Hunan, etc. (Frequencies on FM may vary in different cities)|
|Broadcasting agricultural programmes||
May also transferred by some local radio stations in Guizhou, Jiangsu, Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Xinjiang, or by DTV radio functions via CDR technical
Media related to China National Radio at Wikimedia Commons