Chittagong District

Summary

Chittagong District, renamed the Chattogram District,[2] is a district located in the south-eastern region of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Chittagong Division. The port city of Chittagong, which is the second largest city in Bangladesh, is located within this district.

Chittagong District
চট্টগ্রাম জেলা
Chattogram District
Top View of Agrabad Area 07.jpg
আন্দের্কিল্লা শাহী জামে মসজিদ (ডান পার্শের মিনার).jpg
Chandranath Temple At Sitakunda (6).jpg
Mohamaya Lake , Mirsharai ,Chittagong,Bangladesh.jpg
Karnaphuli River at night (01).jpg
Clockwise from top-left: View of Agrabad, Anderkilla Shahi Jame Mosque, Mahamaya Lake, Port of Chittagong, Chandranath Temple at Sitakunda
BD Chittagong District locator map.svg
Expandable map of Chittagong District
Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389Coordinates: 22°20′15″N 91°50′20″E / 22.3375°N 91.8389°E / 22.3375; 91.8389
Country Bangladesh
DivisionChittagong Division
SeatChittagong
Government
 • Divisional CommissionerMd. Kamrul hasan
 • District Council ChairmanMuhammad Abdus Salam
 • Chief Executive OfficerKhondokar Zohirul Islam
Area
 • Total5,282.92 km2 (2,039.75 sq mi)
 • Rank2
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total7,616,352
 • Rank2
 • Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total73.2%
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
HDI (2019)0.654[1]
medium · 3rd of 20
Websitechittagong.gov.bd

HistoryEdit

Because of the natural harbour, Chittagong had been an important location for trade, drawing Arab traders as early as the 9th century CE. The region fell under the rule of kings from Arakan in the 16th and 17th centuries, but later, the Mughal Army under Shaista Khan conquered Chittagong. During the 17th century, the region also faced a lot of attacks by Portuguese pirates. The Mughals established Chittagong as a district in 1666. Chittagong is the 2nd largest district in Bangladesh by population and area. The Chittagong Hill Tracts were separated from Chittagong in 1860. In 1947, Chittagong came under Pakistan and became part a district of East Pakistan. Port of Chittagong was a big spot for exports and imports of Pakistan. After the liberation of Bangladesh, Cox's Bazar District was separated in 1984.[3]

AdministrationEdit

  • Administrator of Zila Porishod: M A Salam[4]
  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Elius Hossain [5]

SubdivisionsEdit

There are 15 upazilas[6] and 15 thanas[7] (the latter under Chittagong Municipal area) within Chittagong District.

The upazilas are:

The thanas are:

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1974 3,506,150—    
1981 4,465,158+3.51%
1991 5,296,127+1.72%
2001 6,612,140+2.24%
2011 7,616,352+1.42%
Sources:[9]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Chittagong District had a population of 7,616,352, of which 3,838,854 were males and 3,777,498 females. Rural population was 4,463,723 (58.61%) while the urban population was 3,152,629 (41.39%). Chittagong district had a literacy rate of 58.91% for the population 7 years and above: 61.13% for males and 56.56% for females.[9]

ReligionEdit

Religions in Chittagong District (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Muslims
86.90%
Hindus
11.31%
Buddhists
1.59%
Other or not stated
0.20%

Chittagong is multi-religious. Muslims are in majority with 86.90%, while Hindus and Buddhists are 11.31% and 1.59% respectively. Chittagong has the largest population of Hindus of any district in Bangladesh. Most of the Buddhists are Baruas and their population is decreasing with emigration, while Muslims and Hindus are both increasing in numbers, with Hindus growing more slowly.

Chittagong District has 13,148 mosques, 1025 Hindu temples, 535 Buddhist temples and 192 churches. Fakira Mosque in Hathazari, Musa Khan Mosque, Hafez Para Jame Mosque in Putibila, LOHAGARA, Kura Katni Mosque, Hashimpur Kadam Rasool Mosque in Chandanaish, the 16th century Kala Mosques, Chhuti Khan Mosque, Kadam Mobara Mosque, Andar Killah Mosque, Bakshi Hamid Mosque of Bashkhali, and East Gomdandi Chowdhury Para Old Mosque of Boalkhali are famous mosques in Chittagong. Also Badar Awlia Dargah is a tomb in Chittagong.[10]

The ethnic population is 32,165, consisting mainly of Tripuris and Chakmas.

EducationEdit

Colleges

Universities

Medical colleges

Language and CultureEdit

Chittagong's official language is Bangla but they have their own language which is called Chittagonian language. This language is distinct from Bangla.[11] It has its own grammar, phonology and vocabulary.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  2. ^ Mahadi Al Hasnat (2 April 2018). "Mixed reactions as govt changes English spellings of 5 district names". Dhaka Tribune. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  3. ^ Mohammad Mahibbullah Siddiqi (2012). "Cox's Bazar District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ "AL men appointed administrators". The Daily Star.
  5. ^ মো. ইলিয়াস হোসেন চট্টগ্রাম বিভাগের শ্রেষ্ঠ জেলা প্রশাসক. Chattogram Pratidin (in Bengali). 27 January 2020. Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  6. ^ Jasim Uddin Harun (2012). "Chittagong District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  7. ^ "Home Minister to launch 4 new thanas in Ctg tomorrow". The Financial Express. 29 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Karnaphuli becomes Bangladesh's 490th Upazila". bdnews24.com. 9 May 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Bangladesh Population and Housing Census 2011 Zila Report – Chittagong" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  10. ^ চট্টগ্রামের সবচেয়ে প্রাচীন ইমারত. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). Retrieved 5 July 2020.
  11. ^ Masica, Colin (1991). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 16. "The dialect of Chittagong, in southeast Bangladesh, is different enough to be considered a separate language."

External linksEdit

  • Official Web Portal of Chittagong District