Chlorine nitride; Nitrogen chloride
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||77.4731 g/mol|
|Appearance||Yellow orange liquid; colorless gas|
|Melting point||−100 °C (−148 °F; 173 K)|
|Boiling point||−15 °C (5 °F; 258 K)|
|Solubility||Soluble[vague] in butane, pentane, benzene, methanol, ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and carbon disulfide; slightly soluble in water|
|Cmc 21, No. 36|
|Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):|
|Extremely sensitive explosive|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|(what is ?)|
Chlorine azide is extremely sensitive. It may explode, sometimes even without apparent provocation; it is thus too sensitive to be used commercially unless first diluted in solution. Chlorine azide reacts explosively with 1,3-butadiene, ethane, ethene, methane, propane, phosphorus, silver azide, and sodium. On contact with acid, chlorine azide decomposes, evolving toxic and corrosive hydrogen chloride gas.
Its shipment is subject to strict reporting requirements and regulations by the US Department of Transportation.