|United States Coast Guard Court of Criminal Appeals|
|Appeals to||Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces|
|Authority||Article I tribunal|
|Created by||Uniform Code of Military Justice|
The Court was established under Article 66, Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ), by the Judge Advocate General of the Coast Guard. The Court is normally composed of five appellate military judges, organized in panels of three for consideration of referred cases. All but the Chief Judge have other primary duties, so that their service on the Court constitutes a collateral duty.
In general, the Court reviews and acts on the records by affirming, reversing, or modifying in part the findings or sentence in each case of trial by court-martial in which the sentence, as approved, extends to death; dismissal of a commissioned officer or cadet; dishonorable discharge; bad conduct discharge; or confinement of one year or more. The Court also reviews other courts-martial with lesser sentences if the Judge Advocate General so directs.
After CGCCA review, the next level of appeal is to the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.
Also reviewed by the Court are petitions for extraordinary writs, petitions for new trial which have been referred to the Court, and appeals by the United States under Article 62, UCMJ.
The judges may be commissioned officers or civilians. As of 2019, the Court is constituted as follows: