Cologne Bonn Airport

Summary

Cologne Bonn Airport (German: Flughafen Köln/Bonn 'Konrad Adenauer') (IATA: CGN, ICAO: EDDK) is the international airport of Germany's fourth-largest city Cologne, and also serves Bonn, former capital of West Germany. With around 12.4 million passengers passing through it in 2017, it is the seventh-largest passenger airport in Germany and the third-largest in terms of cargo operations. By traffic units, which combines cargo and passengers, the airport is in fifth position in Germany.[4] As of March 2015, Cologne Bonn Airport had services to 115 passenger destinations in 35 countries.[5] The airport is named after Cologne native Konrad Adenauer, a first post-war Chancellor of West Germany.

Cologne Bonn Airport

Flughafen Köln/Bonn
Köln Bonn Airport Logo.svg
Köln Bonn Airport - Terminal 1-0266.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / military
Owner/OperatorFlughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH
ServesCologne Bonn region
LocationCologne, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL302 ft / 92 m
Coordinates50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278Coordinates: 50°51′57″N 007°08′34″E / 50.86583°N 7.14278°E / 50.86583; 7.14278
Websitecologne-bonn-airport.com
Map
EDDK is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
EDDK
EDDK
Location of airport
EDDK is located in Germany
EDDK
EDDK
EDDK (Germany)
EDDK is located in Europe
EDDK
EDDK
EDDK (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 2,459 8,068 Concrete/asphalt
14L/32R 3,815 12,516 Asphalt
14R/32L 1,863 6,112 Concrete/asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers12,354,398
Passenger change 18-19Decrease-4.5%
Aircraft movements142.500
Movements change 18-19Decrease-1.2%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, ADV[3]

The airport is located in the district of Porz and is surrounded by the Wahner Heide nature reserve. The airport is centrally located in the Cologne Bonn Region 12 km (7.5 mi) southeast of Cologne city centre and 16 km (9.9 mi) northeast of Bonn. Cologne Bonn Airport is one of the country's few 24-hour airports and serves as a hub for Eurowings, FedEx Express[1] and UPS Airlines[2] as well as a focus city for several leisure and low-cost airlines. It is also a host of the German and European space agencies DLR and EAC, part of ESA, which train astronauts there for space explorations.

Airport's sound logo

Cologne Bonn airport is only 49 km (30 mi) south of larger Düsseldorf Airport, the main airport of Rhine-Ruhr, and also competes with Frankfurt Airport, Germany's major international airport, which can be reached from Cologne within 47 minutes by the ICE high-speed train. The airport is jointly owned by the City of Cologne (31.12%), the Federal Republic of Germany (30.94%), the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (30.94%), the City of Bonn (6.06%) and two counties: Rhein-Sieg-Kreis (0.59%) and Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (0.35%).[6]

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

 
Airport in front of Cologne's skyline

In 1913, the first plane took off from the Wahner Heide military training area on an artillery reconnaissance flight. In 1939 an airfield was built for the German Luftwaffe.[citation needed]

After World War II the British military took over and expanded the airport (as RAF Wahn). A 1,866 m runway was built in this period. In 1951 the airport was opened for civilian air traffic, superseding the former Cologne Butzweilerhof Airport.[citation needed]

During the 1950s and 1960s two additional runways and a new passenger terminal were constructed. On 1 November 1970 a Boeing 747 took off for New York City from the airport for the first time.[citation needed]

Cologne Bonn Airport was chosen by United Parcel Service (UPS) in 1986 as the location for their European hub.[citation needed]

In the late 1990s the airport started an expansion program. Several new parking lots and a second terminal were built, and in 2004 a new long-distance railway station was opened.

Development in the 2000sEdit

Coinciding with the start of several low-cost airlines in Germany, Cologne/Bonn opened new capacities. This enabled the airport to make competitive offers to the airlines. Consequently, Germanwings and TUIfly started operations from Cologne/Bonn as their hub in the fall of 2002. As a result, the number of passengers in 2003 rose by 43% compared to 2002. These airlines were joined by easyJet in late 2003 and Wizz Air in June 2006.

Also, the Canadian Forces began to use the airport as a staging area to move troops and supplies in support of humanitarian missions and possible anti-terrorism roles.[7]

In 2006 the Brazilian airline BRA provided a twice a week connection to Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, which was discontinued in April 2007 due to problems with the airline. Also in 2006 a daily transatlantic flight to New Jersey's Newark Liberty International Airport by Continental Airlines was established, operating with a Boeing 757-200. This route was discontinued on 4 September 2008 due to a reduction in passenger numbers.[8]

Low-cost carriers Ryanair and Norwegian Air Shuttle began service to Cologne/Bonn in May 2012. In April 2014 Ryanair announced the opening of their fifth German base at Cologne/Bonn Airport for October 2014.[9] In December 2014, Lufthansa announced it would base Eurowings' new long-haul operations at Cologne Bonn Airport with flights to Florida, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean to start by the end of 2015.[10] Meanwhile, Condor cancelled their service to Varadero after only one season due to the expected competition.[11] In February 2018, Eurowings announced the relocation of all long-haul operations from Cologne consisting of four Airbus A330 aircraft to Düsseldorf Airport by late October 2018 leaving the airport without any long-haul passenger routes again.[12]

FacilitiesEdit

 
Exterior of Terminal 2

Cologne Bonn Airport has two passenger terminals which are located directly beside each other:

Terminal 1Edit

The older Terminal 1 is a 1970s building that sports large surfaces of bare concrete in its design. It features a u-shaped main building with shops, restaurants, check-in and service facilities and a visitors deck on its roof as well as the star-shaped piers B and C with five aircraft stands each plus a central airside hall between them added in 2004 with joint security-check facilities, more shops and restaurants as well as three additional stands. All ten stands at both piers feature jet bridges while the other three use walk-boarding. Also several bus-boarding stands are available at the apron. Terminal 1 is used by Eurowings, which occupy most of the landside check-in facilities, Lufthansa and Austrian Airlines.[13] Terminal 1 features its own direct connection to the railway station.

Terminal 2Edit

Construction of Terminal 2 began in June 1997, and operations at the terminal commenced on 21 June 2000. It is located to the north of Terminal 1. Both feature separate check-in facilities but are connected through a landside walkway. As part of a plan-approval procedure the airport is currently seeking approval for building an airside connection between both terminals. Terminal 2 is a modern-style rectangular building made out of glass and steel which is equipped with eight stands with jet bridges as well as several stands for bus-boarding. It is used by several airlines such as Ryanair and Iran Air.[13] Terminal 2 is also directly connected to the airports' railway station via the basement level. The terminal hosts an interdenominational prayer room on its base level.[14]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Cologne Bonn Airport:[15]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens (begins 20 June 2022)[16]
Air Arabia Maroc Nador
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada
Air Serbia Niš
AnadoluJet Antalya, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Ankara
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
Corendon Airlines Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Funchal, Fuerteventura, Gaziantep,[17] Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Izmir, Kayseri, Lanzarote,[18] Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Bodrum, Chania, Dalaman, Diyarbakır,[17] Edremit, Faro,[17] Gazipaşa, Heraklion, Kos, Kutahya,[17] Marsa Alam (begins 1 November 2022),[19] Nador (begins 5 June 2022), Olbia,[18] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Samsun,[17] Sharm El Sheikh, Tangier (begins 6 June 2022), Tel Aviv, Trabzon, Zonguldak
easyJet Seasonal: Berlin, London–Gatwick,[20] Palma de Mallorca, Porto
European Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
Eurowings Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Berlin, Bologna, Budapest, Catania, Dresden, Edinburgh, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Klagenfurt, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nador, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Split, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Venice, Vienna, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Adana, Alicante,[21] Antalya, Bastia, Bodrum, Brindisi, Burgas (begins 10 June 2022),[22] Cagliari, Calvi, Corfu, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kayseri (begins 23 June 2022),[21] Kos, Kutahya, Lamezia Terme, Málaga, Menorca, Monastir, Mykonos, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Pisa, Pula, Rhodes, Rijeka, Santorini, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tangier, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Trieste, Varna, Verona, Zadar
FlyErbil Erbil
Freebird Airlines[23] Seasonal: Antalya, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Rhodes, Sharm El Sheikh
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
ITA Airways Milan–Linate[24]
Lufthansa Munich
Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba, Enfidha
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Izmir
Ryanair Alicante, Athens, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bristol, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dublin, Gran Canaria, Katowice, Kaunas, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Porto, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda,[25] Valencia, Vienna, Warsaw–Modlin
Seasonal: Aqaba, Biarritz, Corfu, Fuerteventura, Knock, Vitoria, Zadar
SunExpress[26] Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Bodrum, Dalaman, Kayseri
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Wizz Air Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Gdańsk, Katowice, Sarajevo, Skopje, Tirana, Varna
Seasonal: Tuzla

CargoEdit

Cologne Bonn Airport is a major cargo hub in the world mainly due to its function as a hub for FedEx Express[1] and UPS Airlines,[2] which operates 140 flights per week at the airport alone.[27]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Cargo[28] Toronto–Pearson
ATRAN[29] Moscow–Vnukovo
Cargojet[30] St. John's
Coyne Airways[31] Frankfurt, Tbilisi, Yerevan
EgyptAir Cargo[32] Cairo
FedEx Express[33] Indianapolis, Memphis, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Tel Aviv
MNG Airlines[34] Istanbul, New York-JFK
Turkish Cargo[35] Istanbul
UPS Airlines[27] Almaty, Ancona, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Bergamo, Budapest, Bucharest, Cardiff, Chicago–O'Hare, Dubai–International, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Geneva, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Istanbul, Katowice, London–Stansted, Louisville, Lyon, Madrid, Malmö, Marseille, Moscow–Vnukovo, Mumbai, Munich, Newark, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ostrava, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Philadelphia, Porto, Prague, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rome–Ciampino, Shanghai–Pudong, Sharjah, Shenzhen, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Sofia, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tel Aviv, Timișoara, Valencia, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław

Military useEdit

The German Air Force's Executive Transport Wing is based on the south-western side of the airport, adjacent to the Wahn Air Force Barracks. The military part of the airport is also used by the Canadian Forces as an operational support hub.[36]

StatisticsEdit

 
Aerial overview
 
Terminal overview; Terminal 1 is on the left with the connecting hall between both main piers still under construction, Terminal 2 on the right.
 
Airside area at Terminal 2
 
Main cargo ramp

Passengers and freightEdit

Annual passenger traffic at CGN airport. See source Wikidata query.
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 6,291,739 138,434 423,641
2001   5,705,819   134,950   443,040
2002   5,375,126   125,307   494,331
2003   7,758,655   139,872   518,493
2004   8,332,961   136,927   605,069
2005   9,452,185   140,775   636,887
2006   9,904,236   139,096   685,563
2007   10,471,657   138,837   704,649
2008   10,342,931   128,713   578,161
2009   9,739,581   120,675   552,363
2010   9,849,779   121,011   656,120
2011   9,623,398   117,715   742,372
2012   9,280,070   125,335   751,183
2013   9,077,346   120,385   739,569
2014   9,450,493   123,241   754,356
2015   10,338,375   128,616   757,717
2016   11,910,138   136,905   786,407
2017   12,384,223   141,338   838,526
2018   12,945,341   144,204   859,396
2019   12,368,519   142,486   814,573
2020   3,081,159   78,867   863,410
Source: ADV German Airports Association[37]

Busiest routesEdit

Busiest domestic routes (2017)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1 Berlin-Tegel 1,232,847 Easyjet, Eurowings
2 Munich 988,723 Eurowings, Lufthansa
3 Hamburg 486,034 Eurowings
4 Berlin-Schönefeld 428,703 Ryanair
5 Dresden 144,067 Eurowings
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[38]
Busiest European routes (2017)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1   Palma de Mallorca 916,478 Condor Flugdienst, Eurowings, Laudamotion, Ryanair, Small Planet Airlines (Germany), TUI fly Deutschland
2   London-Stansted 415,573 Eurowings, Ryanair
3   Vienna 343,465 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
4   Istanbul-Atatürk 275,390 Turkish Airlines
5   Barcelona 245,315 Eurowings, Ryanair
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[38]
Busiest intercontinental routes (2017) (excl. European part of Turkey)
Rank Destination Passengers Airlines
1   Antalya 417,544 AtlasGlobal, Condor Flugdienst, Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress, Tailwind Airlines, TUI fly Deutschland
2   Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 258,082 AtlasGlobal, Eurowings, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3   Izmir 138,699 Eurowings, Pegasus Airlines, SunExpress
4   Hurghada 90,067 AlMasria Universal Airlines, Nesma Airlines, SunExpress Deutschland, TUI fly Deutschland
5   Punta Cana 85,141 Eurowings
Source: Airport Traffic Statistics[38]

Ground transportationEdit

TrainEdit

 
Platforms at Cologne/Bonn Airport station

Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a 4-track railway station on a loop off the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line that connects Cologne Bonn Airport to long-distance trains at least once an hour per direction, most of them ICE services. The station lies directly across both terminals under a large glass roof and features direct connections to the basement of Terminal 2 as well as the check-in area at Terminal 1-C. The S-Bahn line S 19 to Düren and regional train line RE 6 to Minden (Westfalen) connect the airport station with via Cologne Main Station. RB 27 and RE 8 between Mönchengladbach and Koblenz calls at the airport station as well.[39]

CarEdit

The airport has its own exit (named Flughafen) on motorway A59 which links it to the city centres of Cologne and Bonn as well as the Ruhrgebiet.[40]

BusEdit

Local bus lines also connect the airport with Cologne (route 161) and Bonn (route SB60).[40] On 28 October 2015, a new coach terminal opened and is used for remote bus services to other German cities and many other European countries.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c flugrevue.de - "Five years FedEx hub in Cologne/Bonn" (German) 13 October 2015
  2. ^ a b c pressroom.ups.com - UPS Air Hub Cologne/Bonn Fact Sheet retrieved 4 July 2020
  3. ^ https://www.adv.aero/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/12.2018-ADV-Monatsstatistik.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Sommerflugplan 2015: Sieben neue Ziele ab Flughafen Köln/Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Unternehmensführung der Flughafen Köln/Bonn GmbH". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 23 December 2020.
  7. ^ Steven Chase. "MacKay secures German staging base for post-Afghan missions". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  8. ^ "United Airlines – Airline Tickets, Travel Deals and Flights". www.continental.com. Archived from the original on 16 November 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Ryanair eröffnet zum Winter Basis am Flughafen Köln-Bonn". airliners.de. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  10. ^ UBM Information Ltd. 2015 (3 December 2014). "Eurowings to Launch Long-Haul from Cologne under Lufthansa 'Wings' Project". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  11. ^ "Billigflüge: Köln im Zentrum der Schlacht – aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. 14 March 2015.
  12. ^ aero.de – "Eurowings moves A330 from Cologne to Düsseldorf" Archived 14 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine (German) 1 February 2018
  13. ^ a b "Orientierung am Airport, Wegweiser Köln Bonn Airport". Koeln-bonn-airport.de. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  14. ^ "Prayer Room Airport Cologne / Bonn". Architizer. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  15. ^ "Flight Destinations, Travel Destinations – Cologne Bonn Airport". Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  16. ^ "Aegean returns to Cologne/Bonn Airport from Athens". 27 April 2022.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Flights". corendonairlines.com. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  18. ^ a b https://aeroroutes.com/eng/220406-xrns22?rq=Corendon
  19. ^ "Winter 2022: Corendon Europe legt weitere Ferienstrecken ab Deutschland auf". 21 April 2022.
  20. ^ "EasyJet adds new summer leisure flights from UK".
  21. ^ a b "Eurowings flies to more destinations in summer 2022 than ever before - Eurowings".
  22. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/en/discover/destinations/new-routes.html[bare URL]
  23. ^ "Flight list". freebirdairlines.com.
  24. ^ "The Network".
  25. ^ "Ryanair".
  26. ^ Liu, Jim (3 September 2020). "SunExpress 01-19SEP20 International operations as of 30AUG20". routesonline.com.
  27. ^ a b airlineroutemaps.com - UPS United Parcel Service retrieved 4 July 2020
  28. ^ "Air Canada Cargo expands domestic and transatlantic freighter network". 31 March 2022.
  29. ^ atran.ru - Route Network retrieved 8 December 2021
  30. ^ - Route Network retrieved 29 Apr 2021
  31. ^ conyeair.com - Our services retrieved 1 December 2021
  32. ^ "EGYPTAIR". Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  33. ^ airlineroutemaps.com - FedEx retrieved 15 July 2020
  34. ^ "MNG Airlines met Airbus A330-300P2F van Keulen naar New York | Luchtvaartnieuws".
  35. ^ turkishcargo.com – Flight Schedule retrieved 16 November 2019
  36. ^ "Operational support hubs". Government of Canada. 21 August 2018. Archived from the original on 5 February 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  37. ^ "German Airport Statistics (German)". Archived from the original on 24 January 2016.
  38. ^ a b c "(German)" (PDF). destatis.de. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  39. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 January 2021. Retrieved 14 January 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  40. ^ a b "Anreise mit dem PKW". Retrieved 4 June 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Cologne Bonn Airport at Wikimedia Commons