Columbia on display at the National Air and Space Museum
|Manufacturer||North American Aviation|
|Dry mass||9,130 pounds (4,141.3 kg)|
|Dimensions||10 7⁄12 by 12 10⁄12 feet (3.2 by 3.9 m)|
Columbia is the spacecraft that served as the command module during Apollo 11, which was the first mission to land humans on the Moon. Columbia is the only spacecraft from the 1969 Apollo 11 mission to return to Earth.
The name Columbia was first suggested to Michael Collins by Julian Scheer, NASA assistant administrator of public affairs during the Apollo program. Scheer mentioned the name, in passing, in a phone conversation, saying "some of us up here have been kicking around Columbia." Collins initially thought it was "a bit pompous" but the name eventually stuck as he could not think of a better alternative and his crewmates Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong had no objections. Collins was also influenced to accept the name because of its similarity to Columbiad, the name of the space gun in Jules Verne's 1865 science fiction novel From the Earth to the Moon.
After a tour of U.S. cities, Columbia was given to the Smithsonian Institution in 1971. It was designated a "Milestone in Flight" and was displayed prominently at National Air and Space Museum in Washington, D.C., alongside the 1903 Wright Flyer.
In July 2016 the Smithsonian released a 3D scan of Columbia produced by the Smithsonian's Digitization Program Office . During the scanning process a number of places where the astronauts had written on the walls of the capsule were found. These included a calendar and a warning about smelly waste on one of the lockers.
- "Apollo 11 Command Module Columbia". National Air and Space Museum. Smithsonian Institution. March 20, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Smithsonian 2003, p. 57.
- Collins 2001, pp. 334–335.
- Lindsay 2001, p. 24.
- Collins 2001, p. 335.
- McEwan, Liz (September 24, 2019). "To the moon (and Cincinnati) and back". Soapbox Cincinnati. Issue Media Group. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Smithsonian 2003, p. 2.
- Linden 2016, p. 3.
- Pearlman, Robert Z (February 12, 2016). "Apollo 11 Crew Wrote on Moon Ship Walls, Smithsonian 3D Scan Reveals". Space.com. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Weiner, Sophie (July 22, 2016). "Take a 3D Tour Inside the Apollo 11 Command Module". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved March 9, 2020.
- Brooks, Courtney G.; Grimwood, James M.; Swenson, Loyd S.; Dickson, Paul (March 26, 2009). Chariots for Apollo: The NASA History of Manned Lunar Spacecraft to 1969. Courier Corporation. ISBN 978-0-486-46756-6.
- Collins, Michael (2001). Carrying the Fire: An Astronaut's Journey. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-0-8154-1028-7.
- Linden, F. Robert van der (2016). Best of the National Air and Space Museum. Smithsonian Institution. ISBN 978-1-58834-581-3.
- Lindsay, Hamish (2001). Tracking Apollo to the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-212-9.
- Smithsonian Institution; The National Air and Space Museum (2003). Apollo 11 Box: Artifacts from the First Moon Landing. Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-0-8118-3734-7.
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