Comparative air force enlisted ranks of Africa

Summary

Rank comparison of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel for air forces of African states.

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Algerian Air Force[1]
06.AlgAF-SGM.svg 05.AlgAF-MSG.svg 04.AlgAF-SSG.svg 03.AlgAF-SGT.svg 02.AlgAF-CPL.svg 01.AlgAF-AFC.svg No insignia
مساعد أول
Mosa'id awwal
مساعد
Mosa'id
رقيب أول
Raqib awwal
رقيب
Raqib
عريف أول
Earif 'awal
عريف
Earif
جندي
Jundiun
Adjudant chef Adjudant Sergent chef Sergent Caporal chef Caporal Djoundi


National Air Force of Angola[2]
06.ANAF-MSG.svg 05.ANAF-SFC.svg Blank.svg 04.ANAF-SSG.svg 03.ANAF-SGT.svg Blank.svg None 02.ANAF-CPL.svg 01.ANAF-PFC.svg No insignia
Sargento-maior Sargento-chefe Sargento-ajudante Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Sub-sargento Primeiro-cabo Segundo-cabo Soldado


Benin Benin No air force


 Botswana Defence Force Air Wing[3]
06.Botswana Air Force-WO1.svg 05.Botswana Air Force-WO2.svg 04.Botswana Air Force-SSG.svg 03.Botswana Air Force-SGT.svg 02.Botswana Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Botswana Air Force-PFC.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private
(or equivalent)


Burkina Faso Air Force[4][5]
07.Burkina Faso Air Force-MCWO.svg 06.Burkina Faso Air Force-CWO.svg 05.Burkina Faso Air Force-WO.svg 04.Burkina Faso Air Force-MSG.svg 03.Burkina Faso Air Force-SGT.svg Blank.svg 02.Burkina Faso Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Burkina Faso Air Force-PFC.svg No insignia
Adjudant-chef major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat de première classe Soldat de deuxeme classe


Burundi Burundi No air force


 Cameroon Air Force
07.Cameroon Air Force-CWO.svg 06.Cameroon Air Force-WO.svg 05.Cameroon Air Force-MSG.svg 04.Cameroon Air Force-SGT.svg 03.Cameroon Air Force-MCPL.svg 02.Cameroon Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Cameroon Air Force-PFC.svg No insignia
Warrant Officer Class 1
Adjudant-chef
Warrant Officer Class 2
Adjudant
Flight sergeant
Sergent-chef
Sergeant
Sergent
Corporal
Caporal-chef
Lance Corporal
Caporal
Leading aircraftman
Soldat Première
Aircraftman
Soldat


Cape Verde Cape Verde No air force


 Central African Air Force
09.CAAF-CWO.svg 08.CAAF-WO.svg 07.CAAF-SGM.svg 06.CAAF-MSG.svg 05.CAAF-CSG.svg 04.CAAF-SGT.svg 03.CAAF-MCPL.svg 02.CAAF-CPL.svg 01.CAAF-PFC.svg No insignia
Chief Warrant
Officer

Adjudant-chef
Warrant
Officer

Adjudant
Sergeant
Major

Sergent-major
Staff Sergeant
Sergent-chef
Career Sergeant
Sergent
Sergeant
Sergent
Corporal
Caporal-chef
Lance Corporal
Caporal
Private
First Class

Soldat Première
Private
Soldat


 Chadian Air Force
05.Chadian Air Force-MSG.svg 04.Chadian Air Force-SSG.svg 03.Chadian Air Force-SGT.svg 02.Chadian Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Chadian Air Force-AFC.svg No insignia
Sergent-major Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal Soldat Première Soldat


Comoros Comoros No air force


 Air Force of the DR Congo
09.DRCAF-CWO.svg 08.DRCAF-WO1.svg 07.DRCAF-WO2.svg 06.DRC-SGMFC.svg 05.DRC-SGM.svg 04.DRC-SFC.svg 03.DRC-SGT.svg 02.DRCAF-CPL.svg 01.DRCAF-PFC.svg No insignia
Chief Warrant Officer
Adjudant-Chef
Warrant Officer Class I
Adjudant de
Première Classe
Warrant Officer Class II
Adjudant
Sergeant Major First Class
Premier Sergent Major
Sergeant Major
Sergent Major
Sergeant First Class
Premier Sergent
Sergeant
Sergent
Corporal
Caporal
Private First Class
Soldat de Première Classe
Private
Soldat de Seconde Classe
Recruit
Recrue
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Congolese Air Force[6]
07-ROCongo Air Force-CWO.svg 06-ROCongo Air Force-WO.svg 05-ROCongo Air Force-CSG.svg 04-ROCongo Air Force-SGT.svg 03-ROCongo Air Force-MCPL.svg 02-ROCongo Air Force-CPL.svg 01-ROCongo Air Force-PFC.svg No insignia
Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat 1ère classe Soldat 2e classe


 Djibouti Air Force
Djibouti-Airforce-OR-9.svg Djibouti-Airforce-OR-8.svg Djibouti-Airforce-OR-6.svg Djibouti-Airforce-OR-5.svg Djibouti-Airforce-OR-4.svg Djibouti-Airforce-OR-3.svg Djibouti-Airforce-OR-2.svg Djibouti-Airforce-OR-1.svg
Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat Première Soldat


 Egyptian Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Raqib Awwal - Egyptian Air Force.svg Raqib - Egyptian Air Force.svg Arif - Egyptian Air Force.svg Blank.svg
مساعد أول
Mosa'id awwal
مساعد
Mosa'id
رقيب أول
Raqib awwal
رقيب
Raqib
عريف
'arif
جندي
Jundi


 Equatorial Guinea Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Sergeant Major
Brigada
Master Sergeant
Sargento primero
Sergeant
Sarjento
Senior Corporal
Cabo primero
Corporal
Cabo
Private
Soldado de primera


Eritrea Eritrean Air Force
05. EAF-MSG.svg 04. EAF-SSG.svg 03. EAF-SGT.svg 02. EAF-CPL.svg 01. EAF-PFC.svg No insignia
Master Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private 1st Class Private


 Ethiopian Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
ሲ ዋራንት ኦፊሰር
Sī waraniti ofīseri
ጁኝር ዋራንት ኦፊሰር
Junyiri waraniti ofīseri
ሻለቃ ባሻ
Shalek’a basha
ሻለቃ መጋቢ ባሻ
Shalek’a megabī basha
ሻምበል ባሻ
Shamibeli basha
መጋቢ ሃምሳ አለቃ
Megabī hamisa ālek’a
ሃምሳ አለቃ
Hamisa ālek’a
አስር አለቃ
Āsiri ālek’a
ምክትል አስር አለቃ
Mikitili āsiri ālek’a
Senior warrant officer Junior warrant officer Command sergeant major Staff sergeant major First sergeant Master sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private


 Gabonese Air Force
08.GAF-CWO.svg 07.GAF-WO1.svg 06.GAF-WO2.svg 05.GAF-SGM.svg 04.GAF-SGT.svg 03.GAF-CPL.svg 02.GAF-LCPL.svg 01.GAF-PFC.svg 00.GAF-PVT.svg
Adjudant-chef major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat première Soldat


The Gambia Gambia No air force


 Ghana Air Force
06.Ghana Air Force-WO1.svg 05.Ghana Air Force-WO2.svg 04.Ghana Air Force-FSG.svg 03.Ghana Air Force-SGT.svg 02.Ghana Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Ghana Air Force-LACM.svg No insignia
Warrant Officer Class I Warrant Officer Class II Flight Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Leading Aircraftsman Aircraftsman


 Guinea Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat de 1ère classe Soldat de 1ème classe


Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau No air force


 Ivory Coast Air Force[7]
081.Ivory Coast Air Force-SCMSG.svg 08.Ivory Coast Air Force-CMSG.svg 07.Ivory Coast Air Force-SMSG.svg 06.Ivory Coast Air Force-MSG.svg 05.Ivory Coast Air Force-SGT.svg 04.Ivory Coast Air Force-MCPL.svg 03.Ivory Coast Air Force-CPL.svg 02.Ivory Coast Air Force-PFC.svg 01.Ivory Coast Air Force-PVT.svg
Adjudant-chef major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat de première classe Soldat de seconde classe


 Kenya Air Force
Blank.svg Kenya-AirForce-OR-8.png Kenya-AirForce-OR-7.svg Kenya-AirForce-OR-6.svg Kenya-AirForce-OR-4.svg Kenya-AirForce-OR-3.svg No insignia
Warrant Officer Class 1 Warrant Officer Class 2 Flight Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Aircraftman


 Lesotho Air Squadron
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private
(or equivalent)


Liberian Air Wing[8]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Chief master sergeant Master sergeant Technical sergeant Staff sergeant Senior airman/woman Airman/woman first class Airman/woman Airman/woman basic
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Libyan Air Force[9]
05.Libyan Air Force-MSG.svg 04.Libyan Air Force-SSG.svg 03.Libyan Air Force-SGT.svg 02.Libyan Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Libyan Air Force-PFC.svg No insignia
Master sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Airman Airman basic


Madagascar Air Force[10]
09.Madagascar Air Force-MWO.svg 08.Madagascar Air Force-CWO.svg 07.Madagascar Air Force-WO.svg 06.Madagascar Air Force-SGM.svg 05.Madagascar Air Force-MSG.svg 04.Madagascar Air Force-SGT.svg 03.Madagascar Air Force-MCPL.svg 02.Madagascar Air Force-CPL.svg No insignia
Adjudant-major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-major Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat


Malawi Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
Warrant Officer Class 1 Warrant Officer Class 2 Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Private
(or equivalent)


Malian Air Force[11]
Blank.svg 051.Mali Air Force OR-9.svg 051.Mali Air Force OR-8.svg 05.Mali Air Force-MSG.svg 04.Mali Air Force-SGT.svg 03.Mali Air Force-MCPL.svg 02.Mali Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Mali Air Force-PFC.svg 00.Mali Air Force-PVT.svg
Major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat de première classe Soldat


 Mauritania Islamic Air Force[12]
Mauritania-AirForce-OR-9.svg Mauritania-AirForce-OR-8.svg Mauritania-AirForce-OR-6.svg Mauritania-AirForce-OR-5.svg Mauritania-AirForce-OR-3.svg Mauritania-AirForce-OR-1.svg
مساعد أول
Mosa'id awwal
مساعد
Mosa'id
رقيب أول
Raqib awwal
رقيب
Raqib
عريف
'arif
جندي
Jundiun


Mauritius Mauritius No air force


Royal Moroccan Air Force[13]
08.Moroccan Air Force-CWO.svg 07.Moroccan Air Force-WO.svg 06.Moroccan Air Force-SGM.svg 05.Moroccan Air Force-SSG.svg 04.Moroccan Air Force-SGT.svg 03.Moroccan Air Force-SCPL.svg 02.Moroccan Air Force-CPL.svg 01.Moroccan Air Force-PFC.svg No insignia
Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-major Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat de première classe Soldat de deuxième classe


 Mozambique Air Force
Mozambique-AirForce-OR-7.svg Mozambique-AirForce-OR-6.svg Mozambique-AirForce-OR-5.svg Mozambique-AirForce-OR-4.svg Mozambique-AirForce-OR-3.svg Mozambique-AirForce-OR-2.svg
Intendente Primeiro-sargento Segundo-sargento Terceiro-sargento Cabo Primeiro soldado


 Namibian Air Force[14]
06-Namibia Air Force-WO1.svg 05-Namibia Air Force-WO2.svg 04-Namibia Air Force-FSG.svg 03-Namibia Air Force-SGT.svg 02-Namibia Air Force-SAC.svg 01-Namibia Air Force-LAC.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Flight sergeant Sergeant Aircraftman Leading aircraftman Private
(or equivalent)


 Niger Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Warrant Officer Class 1
Adjudant-chef
Warrant Officer Class 2
Adjudant
Staff Sergeant
Sergent-chef
Sergeant
Sergent
Corporal
Caporal-chef
Lance Corporal
Caporal
Private First Class
Soldat de première classe
Private
Soldat


 Nigerian Air Force[15]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
Air warrant officer Master warrant officer Warrant officer Flight sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Aircraftman


 Rwandan Air Force[16]
06-Rwanda Air Force-WO1.svg 05-Rwanda Air Force-WO2.svg 04-Rwanda Air Force-SGM.svg 03-Rwanda Air Force-SSG.svg 02-Rwanda Air Force-SGT.svg 01-Rwanda Air Force-CPL.svg No insignia
Warrant officer I Warrant officer II Sergeant major Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Private
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe No air force


 Senegalese Air Force
Senegal-AirForce-OR-9.svg Senegal-AirForce-OR-8.svg Senegal-AirForce-OR-6.svg Senegal-AirForce-OR-5.svg Senegal-AirForce-OR-4.svg Senegal-AirForce-OR-3.svg Senegal-AirForce-OR-2.svg No insignia
Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat de première classe Soldat


Seychelles Seychelles Air Force[17]
Seychelles Air Force OR-09 (2018).svg Seychelles Air Force OR-08 (2018).svg Seychelles Air Force OR-07 (2018).svg Seychelles Air Force OR-06 (2018).svg Seychelles Air Force OR-04 (2018).svg Seychelles Air Force OR-03 (2018).svg Seychelles Air Force OR-01 (2018).svg
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private
(or equivalent)


Sierra Leone Sierra Leone No air force


 Somali Air Force[18]
07-Somali Air Force-CWO.svg 06-Somali Air Force-WO3.svg 05-Somali Air Force-WO2.svg 04-Somali Air Force-WO1.svg 03-Somali Air Force-SGT.svg 02-Somali Air Force-CPL.svg 01-Somali Air Force-PFC.svg No insignia
Chief Warrant Officer
Musharax Sarkaal
Warrant Officer Class 1
Sadex Xarígle
Warrant Officer Class 2
Laba Xarígle
Warrant Officer Class 3
Xarígle
Sergeant
Sadex Alífle
Corporal
Laba Alífle
Lance Corporal
Alífle
Aircraftman
Dable


 South African Air Force[19]
SAA-OR-9.svg SAA-OR-8.svg SAAF-OR-7.svg SAAF-OR-6.svg SAAF-OR-4.svg SAAF-OR-3.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Flight sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Aircraftman


 South Sudan Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Regimental Sergeant Major Sergeant Major Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Private


 Sudanese Air Force[20]
Sudan Air Force - OR08.svg Sudan Air Force - OR06.svg Sudan Air Force - OR05.svg Sudan Air Force - OR04.svg Sudan Air Force - OR02.svg No insignia
مساعد
Mosa'id
رقيب أول
Raqib awwal
رقيب
Raqib
عريف
'arif
وكيل عريف
Wakil 'arif
جندي
Jundiun


Eswatini Swaziland No air force


 Tanzania Air Force
06-Tanzania Air Force-WO1.svg 05-Tanzania Air Force-WO2.svg 04-Tanzania Air Force-SSG.svg 03-Tanzania Air Force-SGT.svg 02-Tanzania Air Force-CPL.svg 01-Tanzania Air Force-LCPL.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1
Maafisa Wateule 1
Warrant officer class 2
Maafisa Wateule 2
Flight sergeant
Sajenti Kuruka
Sergeant
Sajenti
Corporal
Koplo
Lance corporal
Koplo Mdogo
Aircraftman
Mtu Ndege


Togo Togolese Air Force[21]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
Major Adjudant-chef Adjudant Sergent-chef Sergent Caporal-chef Caporal Soldat de 1ère classe Soldat de 2e classe


 Tunisian Air Force
Grade Marine tunisienne E8.png Grade Marine tunisienne E7.png Grade Marine tunisienne E6.png Grade Marine tunisienne E5.png Grade Marine tunisienne E4.png Grade Marine tunisienne E3.png Grade Marine tunisienne E2.png Grade Marine tunisienne E1.png Grade Marine tunisienne E0.png
وكيل أعلى
Wakil 'aelaa
وكيل أول
Wakil 'awal
وكيل
Wakil
عريف أول
Earif 'awal
عريف
Earif
رقيب أول
Raqib 'awal
رقيب
Raqib
جندي أول
Jundi awwal
جندي متطوع
Jundi
Sergeant Major Master Sergeant Sergeant First Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Master Corporal Corporal Private First Class Private
Adjudant Major Adjudant Chef Adjudant Sergent Chef Sergent Caporal chef Caporal Soldat de 1re classe Soldat


 Ugandan Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Warrant officer class 2 Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance corporal Private
(or equivalent)


 Zambian Air Force
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
Warrant Officer Class 1 Warrant Officer Class 2 Staff sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Private
(or equivalent)


 Air Force of Zimbabwe[22]
Blank.svg Zimbabwe-AirForce-OR-7c.svg Zimbabwe Air Force OR-8a.svg Blank.svg Zimbabwe Air Force OR-7a.svg British RAF OR-6.svg British RAF OR-4.svg British RAF OR-3.svg British RAF OR-2b.svg No insignia
Warrant officer class 1 Master technician Warrant officer class 2 Master sergeant Flight sergeant Sergeant Corporal Senior aircraftman Leading aircraftman Aircraftman
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ranks". mdn.dz. Ministry of National Defence (Algeria). Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Postos da Força Aérea Nacional". faa.ao (in Portuguese). Angolan Air Force. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Ranks". Government of Botswana. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  4. ^ "LOI N° 037-2016/AN PORTANT CONDITIONS D'AVANCEMENT DES PERSONNELS D'ACTIVE DES FORCES ARMEES NATIONALES" (PDF) (in French). 2015. pp. 17–21. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  5. ^ "LOI N° 019-2015/CNT PORTANT STATUT GENERAL DES PERSONNELS DES FORCES ARMEES NATIONALES" (PDF) (in French). 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Grades appellations distinctions". defense.gouv.cg (in French). Ministry of National Defense (Republic of the Congo). Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  7. ^ "GRADES / APPELLATIONS / DISTINCTIONS". defense.gouv.ci (in French). Ministère de la Défense. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Defense Act of 2008" (PDF). 3 September 2008. p. 8. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  9. ^ Tartter, Jean R. (1989). "National Security". In Metz, Helen Chapin (ed.). Libya: a country study. Area Handbook (4th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. pp. 270–271. LCCN 88600480. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  10. ^ "LOI N° 96-029 portant Statut Général des Militaires" (PDF). defense.gov.mg (in French). Ministry of Defence (Madagascar). 15 November 1996. p. 2. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  11. ^ "2011 - Plaquette sur les insignes et blasons des Forces Armées du Mali" (in French). 23 April 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  12. ^ "رتب الأفراد غير الضباط" [Ranks of Non-officers]. armee.mr/ (in Arabic). Armed Forces of Mauritania. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  13. ^ Ehrenreich, Frederich (1985). "National Security". In Nelson, Harold D. (ed.). Morocco: a country study. Area Handbook (5th ed.). Washington, D.C. pp. 350–351. LCCN 85600265.
  14. ^ "Government Notice" (PDF). Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia. Vol. 4547. 20 August 2010. pp. 99–102. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  15. ^ Smaldone, Joseph P. (1992). "National Security". In Metz, Helen Chapin (ed.). Nigeria: a country study. Area Handbook (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. pp. 296–297. LCCN 92009026. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  16. ^ "RDF Insignia". mod.gov.rw. Government of the Republic of Rwanda. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  17. ^ "Rank structure". spdf.sc. Seychelles People's Defence Forces. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  18. ^ Ehrenreich, Frederick (1982). "National Security". In Nelson, Harold N. (ed.). Somalia: a country study (PDF). Area Handbook (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 257. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  19. ^ "Rank Insignia". af.mil.za. Department of Defence (South Africa). Archived from the original on 1 January 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  20. ^ "الرتب العسكرية" [Military ranks]. mod.gov.sd/ (in Arabic). Republic of Sudan Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 19 November 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  21. ^ "Journal officiel de la république togolaise" (PDF) (in French). 12 February 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  22. ^ "RANKS AND BADGES IN THE AFZ". afz.gov.zw. Air Force of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 29 May 2021.