Comparative army officer ranks of the Commonwealth

Summary

Rank comparison chart of armies/ land forces of Commonwealth of Nations states.

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Regiment[1]
13.RABDF-COL.svg 12.RABDF-LTC.svg 11.RABDF-MAJ.svg 10.RABDF-CAPT.svg 09.RABDF-1LT.svg 08.RABDF-2LT.svg Blank.svg
Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 Australian Army[2]
Australian Army OF-10.svg Australian Army OF-9.svg Australian Army OF-8.svg Australian Army OF-7.svg Australian Army OF-6.svg Australian Army OF-5.svg Australian Army OF-4.svg Australian Army OF-3.svg Australian Army OF-2.svg Australian Army OF-1b.svg Australian Army OF-1a.svg Australian Army OF (D) (OCDT).svg Australian Army OF (D) (SCDT).svg
Field marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet Staff cadet


The Bahamas Bahamas No army


 Bangladesh Army[3]
Bangladesh-army-OF-9.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-8.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-7.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-6.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-5.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-4.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-3.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-2.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-1b.svg Bangladesh-army-OF-1a.svg
General
জেনারেল
Lieutenant general
লেফটেন্যান্ট জেনারেল
Major general
মেজর জেনারেল
Brigadier general
ব্রিগেডিয়ার জেনারেল
Colonel
কর্নেল
Lieutenant colonel
লেফটেন্যান্ট কর্নেল
Major
মেজর
Captain
ক্যাপ্টেন
Lieutenant
লেফটেন্যান্ট
Second lieutenant
সেকেন্ড লেফটেন্যান্ট
Officer cadet


Barbados Barbados Regiment
14.BDF-MG.svg 13.BDF-BG.svg 12.BDF-COL.svg 11.BDF-LTC.svg 10.BDF-MAJ.svg 09.BDF-CAPT.svg 08.BDF-1LT.svg 07.BDF-2LT.svg Barbados Army OF-(D).svg
Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


Belize Defence Force
Major-General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Major-general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 Botswana Ground Force[4]
Botswana-Army-OF-8.svg Botswana-Army-OF-7.svg Botswana-Army-OF-6.svg Botswana-Army-OF-5.svg Botswana-Army-OF-4.svg Botswana-Army-OF-3.svg Botswana-Army-OF-2.svg Botswana-Army-OF-1b.svg Botswana-Army-OF-1a.svg Botswana-Army-OF-(D).svg
Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer Cadet


 Royal Brunei Land Forces[5]
20.RBrLF-FM.svg 19.RBrLF-GEN.svg 18.RBrLF-LG.svg 17.RBrLF-MG.svg 16.RBrLF-BG.svg 15.RBrLF-COL.svg 14.RBrLF-LTC.svg 13.RBrLF-MAJ.svg 12.RBrLF-CAPT.svg 11.RBrLF-1LT.svg 10.RBrLF-2LT.svg 09.RBrLF-OC.svg
Fil marsyal Jeneral Leftenan jeneral Mejar jeneral Brigedier jeneral Kolonel Leftenan kolonel Mejar Kapten Leftenan Leftenan muda Pegawai kadet


Cameroon Ground Forces
Cameroon-Army-OF-9.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-8.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-7.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-6.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-5.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-4.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-3.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-2.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-1b.svg Cameroon-Army-OF-1a.svg
Général d'armée Général de corps d'armée Général de division Général de brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant


 Canadian Army[6]
Canadian Army OF-9.svg Canadian Army OF-8.svg Canadian Army OF-7.svg Canadian Army OF-6.svg Canadian Army OF-5.svg Canadian Army OF-4.svg Canadian Army OF-3.svg Canadian Army OF-2.svg Canadian Army OF-1b.svg Canadian Army OF-1a.svg Canadian Army OF (D).svg
General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier-general Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet
Général Lieutenant-général Major-général Brigadier-général Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Élève-officier


 Cypriot Ground Forces[7]
Cyprus-Army-OF-8.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-7.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-6.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-5.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-4.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-3.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-2.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-1b.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-1a.svg Cyprus-Army-OF-D.svg
Αντιστράτηγος
Antistrátigos
Υποστράτηγος
Ypostrátigos
Ταξίαρχος
Taxíarchos
Συνταγματάρχης
Syntagmatárchis
Αντισυνταγματάρχης
Antisyntagmatárchis
Ταγματάρχης
Tagmatárchis
Λοχαγός
Lochagós
Υπολοχαγός
Ypolochagós
Ανθυπολοχαγός
Anthypolochagós
Δόκιμος Έφεδρος Αξιωματικός
Dókimos Éfedros Axiomatikós


Dominica Dominica No army


Falkland Islands Defence Force
Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Unknown
Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant


Fiji Infantry Regiment
Fijian-OF-07.svg Fijian-OF-06.svg Fijian-OF-05.svg Fijian-OF-04.svg Fijian-OF-03.svg Fijian-OF-02.svg Fijian-OF-01b.svg Fijian-OF-01a.svg Fijian-OF (D).svg
Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 Ghana Army
17-Ghana Army-CIC.svg 16-Ghana Army-GEN.svg 15-Ghana Army-LG.svg 14-Ghana Army-MG.svg 13-Ghana Army-BG.svg 12-Ghana Army-COL.svg 11-Ghana Army-LTC.svg 10-Ghana Army-MAJ.svg 09-Ghana Army-CPT.svg 08-Ghana Army-1LT.svg 07-Ghana Army-2LT.svg
Field marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant


Grenada Grenada No army


Guyana Army[8]
Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Commander in Chief rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Minister of Defence rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Major General rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Brigadier rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Colonel rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Lt Colonel rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Major rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Captain rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) Lieutenant rank insignia.svg Guyana Defence Force (GDF) 2nd Lieutenant rank insignia.svg Guyana-Army-OF-1a.svg Guyana-Army-OF-(D).svg
Commander-in-Chief Minister of Defence Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Ensign Officer Cadet


 Indian Army[9]
Field Marshal of the Indian Army.svg General of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant General of the Indian Army.svg Major General of the Indian Army.svg Brigadier of the Indian Army.svg Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Major of the Indian Army.svg Captain of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant of the Indian Army.svg No insignia
Field marshal
फ़ील्ड मार्शल
General
जनरल
Lieutenant general
लेफ्टिनेंट - जनरल
Major general
मेजर - जनरल
Brigadier
ब्रिगेडियर
Colonel
कर्नल
Lieutenant colonel
लेफ्टिनेंट - कर्नल
Major
मेजर
Captain
कप्तान
Lieutenant
लेफ्टिनेंट
Officer cadet


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Jamaican Army[10]
Jamaica-Army-OF-8 (new).svg Jamaica-Army-OF-7 (new).svg Jamaica-Army-OF-6 (new).svg Jamaica-Army-OF-5 (new).svg Jamaica-Army-OF-4 (new).svg Jamaica-Army-OF-3 (new).svg Jamaica-Army-OF-2.svg Jamaica-Army-OF-1b.svg Jamaica-Army-OF-1a.svg Jamaica-Army-OF-(D).svg
Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer Cadet


 Kenya Army[11]
17. Kenyan Army CinC.svg 16. Kenyan Army GEN.svg 15. Kenyan Army LG.svg 14. Kenyan Army MG.svg 13. Kenyan Army BG.svg 12. Kenyan Army COL.svg 11. Kenyan Army LTCOL.svg 10. Kenyan Army MAJ.svg 09. Kenyan Army CAPT.svg 08. Kenyan Army LT.svg 07. Kenyan Army 2LT.svg
Commander-in-Chief General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant


Kiribati Kiribati No army


 Lesotho Army[12]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Field marshal Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 Malawi Army
16. Malawi Army - GEN.svg 15. Malawi Army - LG.svg 14. Malawi Army - MG.svg 13. Malawi Army - BG.svg 12. Malawi Army - COL.svg 11. Malawi Army - LTC.svg 10. Malawi Army - MAJ.svg 09. Malawi Army - CAPT.svg 08. Malawi Army - LT.svg 07. Malawi Army - 2LT.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant 2nd Lieutenant


 Malaysian Army[13]
Malaysia-army-OF-10.svg Malaysia-army-OF-9.svg Malaysia-army-OF-8.svg Malaysia-army-OF-7.svg Malaysia-army-OF-6.svg Malaysia-army-OF-5.svg Malaysia-army-OF-4.svg Malaysia-army-OF-3.svg Malaysia-army-OF-2.svg Malaysia-army-OF-1b.svg Malaysia-army-OF-1a.svg No insignia
Fil marsyal Jeneral Leftenan jeneral Mejar jeneral Brigedier jeneral Kolonel Leftenan kolonel Mejar Kapten Leftenan Leftenan muda Pegawai kadet


Army of Malta[14]
14.Malta Army-BG.svg 13.Malta Army-COL.svg 12.Malta Army-LTC.svg 11.Malta Army-MAJ.svg 10.Malta Army-CAPT.svg 09.Malta Army-1LT.svg 08.Malta Army-2LT.svg
Brigadier
Brigadier
Colonel
Kurunell
Lieutenant colonel
Logutenent kurunell
Major
Maġġur
Captain
Kaptan
Lieutenant
Logutenent
Second lieutenant
Sekond logutenent


Mauritius Mauritius No army


Mozambican Army
Mozambique-Army-OF-8.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-7.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-6.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-5.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-4.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-3.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-2.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-1b.svg Mozambique-Army-OF-1a.svg
Coronel-general Tenente-general Major-general Coronel Tenente-coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes


 Namibian Army
15-Namibia Army-LG.svg 14-Namibia Army-MG.svg 13-Namibia Army-BG.svg 12-Namibia Army-COL.svg 11-Namibia Army-LTC.svg 10-Namibia Army-MAJ.svg 09-Namibia Army-CPT.svg 08-Namibia Army-1LT.svg 07-Namibia Army-2LT.svg Blank.svg
Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant 2nd lieutenant Officer cadet


Nauru Nauru No army


 New Zealand Army[15]
Field marshal Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Various
Field marshal Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 Nigerian Army[16]
Nigeria-Army-OF-10.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-9.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-8.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-7.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-6.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-5.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-4.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-3.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-2.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-1b.svg Nigeria-Army-OF-1a.svg
Field marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant


 Pakistan Army[17]
OF-10 Pakistan Army.svg OF-9 Pakistan Army.svg OF-8 PakistanArmy.svg OF-7 Pakistan Army.svg OF-6 Pakistan Army.svg OF-5 Pakistan Army.svg OF-4 Pakistan Army.svg OF-3 Pakistan Army.svg OF-2 Pakistan Army.svg OF-1(B) Pakistan Army.svg OF-1(A) Pakistan Army.svg
Field marshal
فیلڈ مارشل
General
جنرل
Lieutenant general
لیفٹیننٹ جنرل
Major general
میجر جنرل
Brigadier
بریگیڈیئر
Colonel
کرنل
Lieutenant colonel
لیفٹیننٹ کرنل
Major
میجر
Captain
کیپٹن
Lieutenant
لیفٹنینٹ
Second lieutenant
سیکنڈ لیفٹیننٹ


Papua New Guinea Land Element
PNGDF Land OF-07.svg PNGDF Land OF-06.svg PNGDF Land OF-05.svg PNGDF Land OF-04.svg PNGDF Land OF-03.svg PNGDF Land OF-02.svg PNGDF Land OF-01b.svg PNGDF Land OF-01a.svg PNGDF Land OF-(D-2).svg PNGDF Land OF-(D).svg
Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Senior officer cadet Junior officer cadet


Rwandan Land Forces[18]
16-Rwanda Army-GEN.svg 15-Rwanda Army-LG.svg 14-Rwanda Army-MG.svg 13-Rwanda Army-BG.svg 12-Rwanda Army-COL.svg 11-Rwanda Army-LTC.svg 10-Rwanda Army-MAJ.svg 09-Rwanda Army-CPT.svg 08-Rwanda Army-1LT.svg 07-Rwanda Army-2LT.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant


SKN Regiment[19]
Lieutenant-Colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Officer Cadet
Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer Cadet


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia No army


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No army


Samoa Samoa No army


Seychelles Infantry Unit[20]
Seychelles Army OF-06 (2018).svg Seychelles Army OF-05 (2018).svg Seychelles Army OF-04 (2018).svg Seychelles Army OF-03 (2018).svg Seychelles Army OF-02 (2018).svg Seychelles Army OF-01b (2018).svg Seychelles Army OF-01a (2018).svg Seychelles Army OF-D (2018).svg
Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 Sierra Leone Army
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


 Singapore Army[21]
No insignia yet 10-RSA-OF08.svg 09-RSA-OF07.svg 08-RSA-OF06.svg 07-RSA-OF05.svg SGEOS-SLTC.svg 05-RSA-OF04a.svg 04-RSA-OF03.svg 03-RSA-OF02.svg 02-RSA-OF01b.svg 01-RSA-OF01a.svg Singapore-Army-OF-(3D).svg Singapore-Army-OF-(2D).svg Singapore-Army-OF-(1D).svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Senior lieutenant colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant
Officer cadet


Solomon Islands Solomon Islands No army


 South African Army[22]
SAA-OF-9.svg SAA-OF-8.svg SAA-OF-7.svg SAA-OF-6.svg SAA-OF-5.svg SAA-OF-4.svg SAA-OF-3.svg SAA-OF-2.svg SAA-OF-1b.svg SAA-OF-1a.svg SAA-OF-(D).svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant 2nd lieutenant Candidate officer


 Sri Lanka Army[23]
Sri Lanka-army-OF-10.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-9.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-8.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-7.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-6.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-5.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-4.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-3.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-2.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-1b.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-1a.svg Sri Lanka-army-OF-1d.svg
Field marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


Eswatini Army
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Field marshal General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant 2nd lieutenant


Tanzanian Army
17-Tanzania Army-GEN.svg 16-Tanzania Army-LG.svg 15-Tanzania Army-MG.svg 14-Tanzania Army-BG.svg 13-Tanzania Army-COL.svg 12-Tanzania Army-LTC.svg 11-Tanzania Army-MAJ.svg 10-Tanzania Army-CPT.svg 09-Tanzania Army-1LT.svg 08-Tanzania Army-2LT.svg 07-Tanzania Army-OC.svg
Jenerali Luteni jenerali Meja jenerali Brigedia jenerali Kanali Luteni kanali Meja Kapteni Luteni Luteni usu Ofisa mteule


Tongan Land Component[24]
Tonga army General.png Tonga-Army-OF-6.svg Tonga-Army-OF-5.svg Tonga-Army-OF-4.svg Tonga-Army-OF-3.svg Tonga-Army-OF-2.svg Tonga-Army-OF-1b.svg Tonga-Army-OF-1a.svg
Commander-in-chief Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Ensign Officer cadet


 Trinidad and Tobago Regiment[25]
TaT-Army-OF-7.svg TaT-Army-OF-6.svg TaT-Army-OF-5.svg TaT-Army-OF-4.svg TaT-Army-OF-3.svg TaT-Army-OF-2.svg TaT-Army-OF-1b.svg TaT-Army-OF-1a.svg TaT-Army-OF-(D).svg
Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


Tuvalu Tuvalu No army


 Ugandan Land Forces[26]
Uganda-Army-OF-9.svg Uganda-Army-OF-8.svg Uganda-Army-OF-7.svg Uganda-Army-OF-6.svg Uganda-Army-OF-5.svg Uganda-Army-OF-4.svg Uganda-Army-OF-3.svg Uganda-Army-OF-2.svg Uganda-Army-OF-1b.svg Uganda-Army-OF-1a.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second Lieutenant


 British Army[27]
Field marshal General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet
Field marshal General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet


Vanuatu Mobile Forces
Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-7.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-6.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-5.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-4.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-3.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-2.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-1b.svg Vanuatu Mobile Force OF-1a.svg
Major general
Bigfala Jenerol
Brigadier Colonel
Kolonel
Lieutenant colonel
Lietnen Kolonel
Major
Bigfala
Captain
Kapten
First lieutenant
Fas Lietnen
Second lieutenant
Seken Lietnen
Officer cadet


 Zambian Army
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain Lieutenant 2nd Lieutenant


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet

Notes

References

  1. ^ Antigua & Barbuda Defence Force. "Paratus" (PDF). Regional Publications Ltd. pp. 12–13. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  2. ^ "Badges of rank" (PDF). defence.gov.au. Department of Defence (Australia). Retrieved 31 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Ranks & insignia". joinbangladesharmy.army.mil.bd. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Ranks". Government of Botswana. Archived from the original on 26 August 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Akta angkatan bersenjata diraja Brunei (Penggal 149)" (PDF). agc.gov.bn (in Malay). 16 December 2013. pp. 1999–2000. Retrieved 14 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Ranks and appointment". canada.ca. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Βαθμοί" [Ranks]. army.gov.cy (in Greek). Cypriot National Guard. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  8. ^ Merrill, Tim (1993). Guyana and Belize: country studies. Library of Congress. p. 138. LCCN 93010956. Retrieved 3 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Indian Army Rank Badges". indianarmy.nic.in. Indian Army. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  10. ^ "BADGES OF RANK". Official Jamaica Defence Force Website. 2019. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  11. ^ "KDF Ranks". mod.go.ke. Ministry of Defence - Kenya. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Ranks in the Army". Lesotho Defence Force. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  13. ^ "Pangkat". mafhq.mil.my (in Malay). Malaysian Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 29 April 2020. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Rank Insignia". afm.gov.mt. Armed Forces of Malta. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Badges of Rank". nzdf.mil.nz. New Zealand Defence Force. Archived from the original on 3 July 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  16. ^ Smaldone, Joseph P. (1992). "National Security". In Metz, Helen Chapin (ed.). Nigeria: a country study. Area Handbook (5th ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. pp. 296–297. LCCN 92009026. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  17. ^ "Pakistan Army Ranks with Salary and Insignia". pakistanforces.com. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  18. ^ "RDF Insignia". mod.gov.rw. Government of the Republic of Rwanda. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  19. ^ SAINT CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS DEFENCE FORCE ACT. Government of Saint Kitts and Nevis. 31 December 2009. pp. 110–111.
  20. ^ "Rank structure". spdf.sc. Seychelles People's Defence Forces. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  21. ^ "SAF Rank Insignias". mindef.gov.sg. Ministry of Defence (Singapore). Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  22. ^ "Uniform: Rank insignia". army.mil.za. Department of Defence (South Africa). Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  23. ^ "Dress Regulation PDF - Part I" (PDF). army.lk. Sri Lanka Army. January 2019. pp. 10-4–10-11. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  24. ^ "Tonga Defence Services (Amendment) Regulations 2009" (PDF). Tonga Government Gazette Supplement Extraordinary. 5: 151–153. 10 May 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  25. ^ "Rank Chart (Commissioned Officers)". 69.0.195.188. Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  26. ^ "Uganda Peoples' Defence Forces Act" (PDF). The Uganda Gazette. Uganda Printing and Publishing Corporation. CXII (46): 1851–1854. 18 September 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  27. ^ "Rank structure". army.mod.uk. British Army. Retrieved 27 May 2021.

See also