Comparison of space station cargo vehicles

Summary

A number of different spacecraft have been used to carry cargo to and from space stations.

Table code key

Spacecraft under development
Spacecraft is operational or inactive
Retired or cancelled spacecraft
§ Pressurized / Unpressurized payload capacity

Orbital space vehicles

Spacecraft Origin Manufacturer Launch system Length (m) Dry mass (kg) Launch mass (kg) Payload (kg) § Payload volume (m3) § Return payload (kg) Diameter (m) Generated power (W) Automated docking Status (No. Flights)
TKS  Soviet Union TsKBM Proton-K 17.51 13,688 21,620 12,600 4.15 2,400 No Retired (4)
Progress 7K-TG  Soviet Union Energia Soyuz-U None No Retired (43)
Progress-M
11F615A55
 Soviet Union
 Russia
Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-U2
7.2 7,130 2,600 7.6 150[a] 2.72 600[1] Yes Retired (66)
Progress-M1
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-FG
None Yes Retired (11)
Progress-M
11F615A60
 Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 7.6 None 2.72 700 Yes Retired (27 + 2 failed)
Cygnus (standard)  USA Orbital Antares 1x0 5.14 1,500[2] 2,000[2] 18.9[2] None 3.07 3,500[3] No Retired (3 + 1 failed)
Dragon (reusable)  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 6.1 4,200[4] 10,200[b] 6,000[c][5] 10.0 / (14 or 34)[d][6] 3,000[e][7] 3.7 2,000[8] No Retired (19 + 1 failed)[9]
ATV  Europe EADS Ariane 5ES 10.3 10,470[10] 20,750[10] 7,667[10] 48 None 4.5 3,800[11] Yes Retired (5)
HTV  Japan JAXA H-IIB 10 10,500[12] 16,500[12] 3,000 / 1,000[12] 14 / 16[12] 20[f][13] 4.4 200 No Retired (9)
Progress-MS  Russia Energia Soyuz-U
Soyuz-2.1a
7.2 7,150 2,230 None Yes Operational[14]
Dragon 2 cargo (reusable)  USA SpaceX Falcon 9 8.1 6,400 6,000[15] 9.3 / 37 3,000[16] 4.0 Yes Operational
Cygnus (enhanced)  USA Northrop Grumman Antares 230
Antares 230+
Atlas V 401
6.34 1,800[17] 3,500[17] 27[17] None 3.07 No Operational
Tianzhou  China CAST Long March 7 9 13,500 6,500[g] None 3.35 Yes Operational
Soyuz GVK  Russia Energia Soyuz-2.1b 7.23 8,020 1,966 500 2.72 Yes Development[18]
Argo[19] (reusable)  Russia MTKS Soyuz-2.1b (initial) Soyuz-5 5.6 up to 11,500 2,000 11.0 1,000 4.1 Yes Development
Dream Chaser Cargo System (reusable)  USA Sierra Nevada Corporation Vulcan Centaur 5,000 / 500[20] 1,750[20] Yes Development
Starship cargo  USA SpaceX Super Heavy 50[21] 120,000[h][22] 1,320,000[23] 150,000[h][24] 9[21] Unknown Development
HTV-X  Japan JAXA H3 Launch Vehicle[25] 10[i] 8,300 15,500, combined[26] 4,069 / 1,750 78[j] 4.4 1,000 No[k] Development[27]

Notes

  1. ^ With optional Raduga capsule.
  2. ^ 4,200kg dry mass + 6,000kg up mass
  3. ^ In any combination of pressurized or unpressurized.
  4. ^ 34 unpressurized with extended trunk
  5. ^ Capsule return.
  6. ^ With optional HSRC.
  7. ^ Including 2,000 kg of propellant.
  8. ^ a b Target payload.
  9. ^ 10 with cargo module, 6.2 without.
  10. ^ Combined.
  11. ^ Technology trial of an automated IDSS docking port fitted in place of unpressurised cargo module being planned.
Unmanned resupply spacecraft comparison.png

See also

References

  1. ^ "Progress M". Archived from the original on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b c "Cygnus Fast Sheet" (PDF). Orbital Sciences Co. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  3. ^ "The Annual Compendium of Commercial Space Transportation: 2012" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  4. ^ "SpaceX Brochure v7" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  5. ^ Bergin, Chris (19 October 2012). "Dragon enjoying ISS stay, despite minor issues – Falcon 9 investigation begins". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 21 October 2012. CRS-2 will debut the use of Dragon's Trunk section, capable of delivering unpressurized cargo, prior to the payload being removed by the ISS' robotic assets after berthing.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2016-07-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2012/10/falcon-9loft-dragon-crs-1-mission-iss-attempt1/
  8. ^ "Dragonlab Datasheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  9. ^ Clark, Stephen. "With successful splashdown, SpaceX retires first version of Dragon spacecraft – Spaceflight Now". Retrieved 2020-04-10.
  10. ^ a b c "ESA Automated Transfer Vehicle". ESA. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  11. ^ "ATV Utilization Relevant Data" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  12. ^ a b c d "JAXA transition examination of the new space station supply machine (HTV-X)" (PDF). JAXA. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  13. ^ "HTV 搭載小型回収カプセルの開発" (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
  14. ^ "Upgraded Progress MS docks with the ISS". NASASpaceflight.com. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Dragon". SpaceX. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Dragon". SpaceX. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  17. ^ a b c "Cygnus Spacecraft Information". Spaceflight101. Archived from the original on 2015-09-09.
  18. ^ "Retrievable Soyuz GVK spacecraft". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  19. ^ "Russia will develop a new spacecraft to compete with Musk (In Russian)". Rbc. 30 September 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Sierra Nevada Hopes Dream Chaser Finds "Sweet Spot" of ISS Cargo Competition". SpaceNews. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  21. ^ a b "Starship". SpaceX. Archived from the original on 30 September 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  22. ^ Elon Musk (28 September 2019). Starship Update (video). SpaceX. Event occurs at 1:45. Retrieved 30 September 2019 – via YouTube.
  23. ^ Elon Musk on Twitter: 3 sea level optimized Raptors, 3 vacuum optimized Raptors (big nozzle)
  24. ^ Elon Musk on Twitter: 150mT for reference payload compared to other rockets.
  25. ^ "H3,H-IIA/Bのミッション割当て(案)" (PDF) (in Japanese). MEXT. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
  26. ^ http://www.jaxa.jp/press/2017/12/files/20171206_HTV-X.pdf
  27. ^ Funding for HTV-X development was included in the FY 2016 JAXA budget