With the advent of devolved government for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and of evolving regional government for England, the responsibilities for environment and conservation in the United Kingdom have become more complicated.[weasel words][how?]
There follows a list of the legislation, conservation bodies (both governmental and otherwise), and conservation designations, which work together to conserve and enhance the natural and cultural heritage of the UK. A list of 'objects of conservation' provides further links.
Some of the key legislation which governs conservation issues in the UK. This list is not exhaustive.
The following are Executive Agencies of the UK government and regional executives, with note on their areas of responsibility.
The following are Public bodies of the Scottish Government, with notes on their areas of responsibility.
The following designations are established or monitored by the executive agencies listed above.
|Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty||AONB||England||Natural England|
|Environmentally sensitive area||ESA||England||Natural England|
|Heritage coast||England||Natural England|
|Marine nature reserve||MNR|
|National nature reserve||NNR||England||Natural England|
|National scenic area||NSA||Scotland||NatureScot|
|Nitrate vulnerable zone||NVZ||England||Environment Agency|
|Scheduled monument||SAM||England||Historic England|
|Scotland||Historic Environment Scotland|
|Site of Special Scientific Interest||SSSI||England||Natural England|
|Special landscape area||SLA||Wales||NRW|