A crash test is a form of destructive testing usually performed in order to ensure safe design standards in crashworthiness and crash compatibility for various modes of transportation (see automobile safety) or related systems and components.
A reverse-firing sled with a buck representing a conventional sedan prior to a run.
Frontal moderate overlap crash test of a 2016 Toyota Tundra.
Driver-side small overlap crash test of a 2017 Toyota Tacoma.
Passenger-side small overlap crash test of a 2018 Kia Soul.
Side impact crash test of a 2016 Honda Fit.
Side impact crash test of a 2018 Honda Odyssey.
Rollover crash test of a 2006 Chevrolet Cobalt SS.
Side pole impact crash test of a 2017 Lexus IS.
Front full-width crash test of a 2006 Honda Ridgeline
Frontal full-width crash test of a 2017 Cadillac ATS-V.
Side impact crash test of a 2014 Scion FR-S.
Rear offset impact of a 2015 Ford F-150.
Passenger-side oblique crash test of a 2015 Chevrolet Malibu.
|United States New Car Assessment Program||US NCAP (U.S. NCAP)||1978||Washington, DC, USA|
|Insurance Institute for Highway Safety||IIHS||1959, Ratings from 1995||Arlington, VA, USA|
|Australasian New Car Assessment Program||ANCAP||1993||Canberra, Australia|
|Japan New Car Assessment Programme||JNCAP||1995||Tokyo, Japan|
|European New Car Assessment Programme||Euro NCAP||1996||Leuven, Belgium|
|Korean New Car Assessment Programme||KNCAP||1999||Seoul, South Korea|
|China – New Car Assessment Programme||C-NCAP||2006||Tianjin, China|
|Latin New Car Assessment Programme||Latin NCAP||2010||Montevideo, Uruguay|
|New Car Assessment Program for Southeast Asia||ASEAN NCAP||2011||Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia|
|Global New Car Assessment Programme||Global NCAP||2011||London, Great Britain|
|Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Program||BNVSAP||2017||[to be determined]|
|Green NCAP (operated by Euro NCAP for emissions)||Green NCAP||2019||Leuven, Belgium|
Crash tests are conducted under rigorous scientific and safety standards. Each crash test is very expensive so the maximum amount of data must be extracted from each test. Usually, this requires the use of high-speed data-acquisition, at least one triaxial accelerometer and a crash test dummy, but often includes more.
Some organizations that conduct crash tests include Calspan, an independent test laboratory in Buffalo, NY. As a result of the capabilities and expertise at Calspan, Calspan has been awarded 5 year contracts by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to execute for the NHTSA FMVSS No. 214, Side Impact Protection Compliance Testing, FMVSS No. 301 Fuel System Integrity, and FMVSS No. 305 Electric Powered Vehicles: Electrolyte Spillage and Electrical Shock Protection vehicle crash tests. Calspan also holds the NHTSA contracts for executing New Car Assessment Program crash tests.
There are a number of crash test programs around the world dedicated to providing consumers with a source of comparitative information in relation to the safety performance of new and used vehicles. Examples of new car crash test programs include National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's NCAP, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Australasian New Car Assessment Program, EuroNCAP and JapNCAP. Programs such as the Used Car Safety Ratings provide consumers information on the safety performance of vehicles based on real world crash data.
In 2020, EuroNCAP introduces a mobile progressive deformable barrier (MPDB) test first experimented on the Toyota Yaris.
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