the Petras deposit (MM IIB), excavated starting in 1995 and published in 2010.
The first corpus of signs was published by Evans in 1909. The current corpus (which excludes some of Evan's signs) was published in 1996 as the Corpus Hieroglyphicarum Inscriptionum Cretae (CHIC). It consists of:
clay documents with incised inscriptions (CHIC H: 1–122)
seal fragment HM 992, showing a single symbol, identical to Phaistos Disk glyph 21.
The relation of the last three items with the script of the main corpus is uncertain.
Since the publication of the CHIC in 1996 refinements and changes have been proposed.
Some Cretan Hieroglyphic (as well as Linear A) inscriptions were also found on the island of Samothrace in the northeastern Aegean.
It has been suggested that there was an evolution of the hieroglyphs into the linear scripts. Also, some relations to Anatolian hieroglyphs have been suggested:
The overlaps between the Cretan script and other scripts, such as the hieroglyphic scripts of Cyprus and the Hittite lands of Anatolia, may suggest ... that they all evolved from a common ancestor, a now-lost script perhaps originating in Syria.
The Archanes Script. MM IA / MMIB, 2100–1800 BC. Archanes type of Cretan hieroglyphs. Arhcanes Phourni. Archaeological Museum of Heraklion
Symbol inventories have been compiled by Evans (1909), Meijer (1982), and Olivier/Godart (1996).
The glyph inventory in CHIC includes 96 syllabograms representing sounds, ten of which double as logograms, representing words or portions of words.
There are also 23 logograms representing four levels of numerals (units, tens, hundreds, thousands), numerical fractions, and two types of punctuation.
Many symbols have apparent Linear A counterparts, so that it is tempting to insert Linear B sound values. Moreover, there are multiple parallels (words and phrases) from hieroglyphic inscriptions that occur also in Linear A and/or B in similar contexts (words for "total", toponyms, personal names etc.)
It has been suggested that several signs were influenced by Egyptian hieroglyphs.
The sequence and the geographical spread of Cretan hieroglyphs, Linear A, and Linear B, the five overlapping, but distinct, writing systems of Bronze Age Crete and the Greek mainland can be summarized as follows:
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^Jasink A. M. 2009, Cretan Hieroglyphic Seals. A New Classification of Symbols and Ornamental/filling Motifs, Pisa – Rom
^Montecchi, Barbara, Ferrara, Silvia and Valério, Miguel. "Rationalizing the Cretan Hieroglyphic signlist" Kadmos, vol. 60, no. 1-2, 2021, pp. 5-32
^Margalit Finkelberg, Bronze Age Writing: Contacts between East and West. Archived 2015-03-19 at the Wayback Machine In E. H. Cline and D. Harris-Cline (eds.). The Aegean and the Orient in the Second Millennium. Proceedings of the 50th Anniversary Symposium, Cincinnati, 18–20 April 1997. Liège 1998. Aegeum 18 (1998) 265-272.
^ abRodney Castleden, Minoans. Routledge, 2002 ISBN 1134880642 p.100
^A. Karnava. The Cretan hieroglyphic script of the second millennium BC: description, analysis, function and decipherment perspectives. Unpublished dissertation, Bruxelles, 1999, vol. 1-2.
^WOUDHUIZEN, FRED C.. "THE “TROWEL”-SIGN (EVANS NO. 18): ANOTHER INSTANCE OF EGYPTIAN INFLUENCE ON CRETAN HIEROGLYPHIC" Kadmos, vol. 41, no. Jahresband, 2002, pp. 129-130
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^Paul Wheatley. The Origins and Character of the Ancient Chinese City, Volume 2: The Chinese City in Comparative Perspective. Transaction Publishers. pp. 381–. ISBN 978-0-202-36769-9.
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