Cronius the Pythagorean


Cronius (Greek: Κρόνιος; fl. 2nd century AD) was a celebrated Neopythagorean philosopher.[1] He was probably a contemporary of Numenius of Apamea, who lived in the 2nd century, and he is often spoken of along with him.[2] Nemesius[3] mentions a work of his On Reincarnation, (Greek: περὶ παλιγγενεσίας), and Origen is said to have diligently studied the works of Cronius.[4] Porphyry also states that he endeavoured to explain the fables of the Homeric poems in a philosophical manner. This is all we know about Cronius, although he appears to have been very distinguished among the Neopythagoreans.


  1. ^ Porphyry, Vita Plotini, 20; Eusebius, Church History vi. 19.
  2. ^ Porphyry, De Antr. Nymph. 10
  3. ^ Nemesius, de Anima, 2.
  4. ^ Suda, Origenes.

External linksEdit

  • Life of Plotinus by Porphyry
  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Cronius". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.