Cucullaea labiata


Cucullaea labiata is a species of saltwater clam or ark shell, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family Cucullaeidae.[1][2]

Cucullaea labiata
Cucullaea labiata.JPG
Cucullaea labiata (Lightfoot, 1786)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order: Arcida
Family: Cucullaeidae
Genus: Cucullaea
C. labiata
Binomial name
Cucullaea labiata
(Lightfoot, 1786)
View of both valves of Cucullaea labiata (Lightfoot, 1786)


The shell of Cucullea labiata is inequilateral and inequivalve, and is thin but not brittle. It grows to about 10 centimetres (3.9 in) in length though 6 centimetres (2.4 in) is a more usual size. The left valve is a little larger than the right and the shape is roughly triangular with a long, rounded margin. The umbo is prominent and slightly nearer the posterior end of the shell. It is on the summit of a triangular cardinal area which has fine sculptured ribs. The rest of the valve has further fine ribs but also concentric sculpturing giving it a reticulated pattern. The black ligament is exterior and the hinge is long and straight. It bears a row of teeth that diverge outwards and a few long teeth at the ends that are nearly horizontal. The exterior of the shell is purplish-brown and the inside white, shaded with reddish-brown posteriorly. The pallial line is faint and there is no pallial sinus. The two adductor scars are asymmetrical. The periostracum is yellowish, velvety and conspicuous and covers the outer surface of the valves.[3]

Distribution and habitatEdit

Cucullea labiata is found in the Indo-Pacific, from northern India to Japan and New South Wales in Australia. It is found buried in sandy or muddy substrates.[3]


  1. ^ Cucullaea labiata (Lightfoot, 1786). Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species.
  2. ^ Huber M. (2010) Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1.
  3. ^ a b Laternulidae: Lantern clams The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. p158. Retrieved 2012-02-14.