Curium(III) nitrate

Summary

Curium(III) nitrate is an inorganic compound, a salt of curium and nitric acid with the chemical formula Cm(NO3)3.[1][2][3]

Curium(III) nitrate
Curiumion   3 Nitration
Names
Other names
Curium trinitrate, Curium nitrate
Identifiers
  • 35311-12-7
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 19989284
EC Number
  • 252-508-9
  • 161867
  • InChI=1S/Cm.3NO3/c;3*2-1(3)4/q;3*-1
    Key: CUPQBVMHCGLRHY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • [N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[Cm]
Properties
Cm(NO3)3
Molar mass 433.09 g/mol
Melting point 400 °C (752 °F; 673 K)
Hazards
GHS labelling:
Warning
Related compounds
Related compounds
Terbium(III) nitrate, Lutetium(III) nitrate, Cerium(III) nitrate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

SynthesisEdit

Reaction of curium and nitric acid:[4]

Cm + 4 HNO3 → Cm(NO3)3 + NO + 2 H2O

Physical propertiesEdit

Curium(III) nitrate is a solid that exists as a hydrate or anhydrate, depending on the synthesis. The hydrates melt at 90 and 180 °C in crystallization water. The anhydrate decomposes to curium(IV) oxide at temperatures above 400 °C.[5]

ApplicationsEdit

Curium(III) nitrate can be used to make curium(IV) oxide.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Волков, А.И.; Жарский, И.М. (2005). Большой химический справочник (in Russian). Современная школа. p. 132. ISBN 985-6751-04-7.
  2. ^ Skerencak, A.; Panak, Petra J.; Hauser, W.; Neck, Volker; Klenze, R.; Lindqvist-Reis, P.; Fanghänel, Thomas (January 2009). "TRLFS study on the complexation of Cm(III) with nitrate in the temperature range from 5 to 200 °C". Radiochimica Acta. 97 (8). doi:10.1524/ract.2009.1631. S2CID 97982164. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  3. ^ Modolo, Giuseppe; Kluxen, Paul; Geist, Andreas (January 2010). "Demonstration of the LUCA process for the separation of americium(III) from curium(III), californium(III), and lanthanides(III) in acidic solution using a synergistic mixture of bis(chlorophenyl)dithiophosphinic acid and tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate" (PDF). Radiochimica Acta. 98 (4). doi:10.1524/ract.2010.1708. S2CID 96774564.
  4. ^ Edelmann, Frank T.; Herrmann, Wolfgang A. (14 May 2014). Synthetic Methods of Organometallic and Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 6, 1997: Volume 6: Lanthanides and Actinides. Georg Thieme Verlag. p. 23. ISBN 978-3-13-179221-1. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  5. ^ Morss, L. R.; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (21 October 2010). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (Set Vol.1-6): Volumes 1-6. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 1422. ISBN 978-94-007-0211-0. Retrieved 23 August 2021.