|Mission type||ISS resupply|
|Mission duration||136 days, 9 hours|
|Spacecraft||S.S. Alan Bean|
|Spacecraft type||Enhanced Cygnus|
Thales Alenia Space
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||2 November 2019, 13:59:47 UTC |
|Launch site||MARS, LP-0A|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||17 March 2020, 23:00 UTC |
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Regime||Low Earth orbit|
|Berthing at ISS|
|Berthing port||Unity nadir|
|RMS capture||4 November 2019, 09:10 UTC |
|Berthing date||4 November 2019, 11:21 UTC |
|Unberthing date||31 January 2020, 13:10 UTC|
|RMS release||31 January 2020, 14:36 UTC|
|Time berthed||88 days, 3 hours, 15 minutes|
|Mass||3,705 kg (8,168 lb) |
|Pressurised||3,586 kg (7,906 lb)|
|Unpressurised||119 kg (262 lb)|
Cygnus NG-12 mission patch
Cygnus NG-12, previously known as CRS OA-12, was the thirteenth flight of the Northrop Grumman robotic resupply spacecraft Cygnus and its twelfth flight to the International Space Station under the Commercial Resupply Services 2 contract with NASA. The mission launched on 2 November 2019 at 13:59:47 UTC). This was the first launch of Cygnus under the CRS-2 contract.
Orbital ATK and NASA jointly developed a new space transportation system to provide commercial cargo resupply services to the International Space Station (ISS). Under the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program, then Orbital Sciences designed and built Antares, a medium-class launch vehicle; Cygnus, an advanced maneuvering spacecraft, and a Pressurized Cargo Module which is provided by Orbital's industrial partner Thales Alenia Space. Northrop Grumman purchased Orbital ATK in June 2018; its ATK division was renamed Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems.
Production and integration of Cygnus spacecraft is performed in Dulles, Virginia. The Cygnus service module is mated with the pressurized cargo module at the launch site, and mission operations are conducted from control centers at Dulles, Virginia and Houston, Texas. This is the eighth flight of the Enhanced-sized Cygnus PCM.
Total weight of cargo: 3,705 kg (8,168 lb), consisting of 3,705 kg (8,168 lb) in pressurized cargo and 119 kg (262 lb) in unpressurized cargo.
Among the cargo delivered was a special made oven for use in space, and some cookie dough. The crew of ISS attempt to use the device to bake chocolate chip cookies in space (a first time for this kind of space activity). The baking of cookies in space attracted some international media attention when the mission was arriving at the space station.
Another research-related item delivered is the AstroRad radiation protective vest, which astronauts will wear to determine the degree of flexibility and freedom of movements experienced by them while working with these vests. This feedback will be used to possibly improve the comfort and ergonomics of the radiation vests if needed. AstroRad is useful in significantly reducing the short-term deterministic effects such as acute radiation syndrome and the probability of stochastic effects such as cancer in long-term ex-LEO missions.
Cygnus NG-12 tested the Cygnus External Payload Carrier which is used to deliver external payloads to the station or remove degraded ones. SOLAR and the SDS were the first payloads transferred to the spacecraft for disposal.
Northrop Grumman's customer with a payload on the Cygnus (Lynk) sought extra time in orbit, a request that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved on 3 March 2020. The FCC approval provided the potential to extend this testing until as late as 2 April 2020. "The extension of our license by the FCC allows Northrop Grumman to extend our NG-12 mission beyond our original completion date, enabling us to offer increased operational flexibility for our customers". Frank DeMauro, vice president and general manager of Tactical Space at Northrop Grumman, said in the statement. "The NG-12 spacecraft remains in excellent health as we carry out a few more weeks of in-orbit operations".
The spacecraft was deorbited at about 23:00 UTC on 17 March 2020.