DVB-SH ("Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite services to Handhelds") is a physical layer standard for delivering IP based media content and data to handheld terminals such as mobile phones or PDAs, based on a hybrid satellite/terrestrial downlink and for example a GPRS uplink. The DVB Project published the DVB-SH standard in February 2007.[1]

The DVB-SH system was designed for frequencies below 3 GHz, supporting UHF band, L Band or S-band. It complements and improves the existing DVB-H physical layer standard. Like its sister specification (DVB-H), it is based on DVB IP Datacast (IPDC) delivery, electronic service guides and service purchase and protection standards.

Standard description edit

Architecture edit

There are two physical layers (terrestrial and satellite), what increases de system configuration options. Depending on the transmitted signal modulation we can find two kind of architectures: SH-A and SH-B.

SH-A Architecture edit

Both terrestrial and satellite layers use Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) this modulation solves the multipath problem, where the same token can be received multiple times with a delay due to bounces. Use OFDM in both transmitters enables creating single-frequency networks (SFN), that increases spectral efficiency but forces the terrestrial signal being identical to the transmitted by the satellite. For this reason, is permitted to implement Multi-frequency network (MFN) where terrestrial and satellite components can broadcast through different channels with the same modulation.

SH-B Architecture edit

Terrestrial component uses OFDM but satellite uses Time-division multiplexing (TDM). Both components have to broadcast in different frequencies to avoid interference. It is not possible creating SFN but increases satellite´s signal transmission performance because TDM works better with these kinds of transmissions.

Comparison with DVB-H edit

DVB-SH supported spectrum

The DVB-SH incorporates a number of enhancements when compared to DVB-H:

  • More alternative coding rates are available
  • The omission of the 64QAM modulation scheme
  • The inclusion of support for 1.7 MHz bandwidth and 1k FFT
  • FEC using Turbo coding
  • Improved time interleaving
  • Support for antenna diversity in terminals

Recently[when?], results from BMCO forum [citation needed] (Alcatel April 2008) shows a radio improvement of at least 5.5 dB on signal requirements between DVB-H and DVB-SH in the UHF frequencies. The improvements to signal requirements translates to better in-building penetration, better in-car coverage and extension of outdoor coverage. DVB-SH chipsets are being developed now by DiBcom and NXP Semiconductors, and are expected to be available in beginning of 2008. Initial specifications show that the chipsets supports both UHF and S-Band and are compatible with DVB-H.

DiBcom has announced a DVB-SH chip with availability in 2008 Q3. Dibcom DVB-SH 2008 Q3[permanent dead link]. The chip "has dual RF tuners supporting VHF, UHF, L-Band and S-Band frequencies".

Project organization edit

French Agence de l'innovation industrielle is now[when?] financing this effort through TVMSL, a project led by Alcatel-Lucent that plans to develop a DVB-SH standard suitable for hybrid satellite and terrestrial transmission. Other partners involved in TVMSL are Sagem Wireless, Alenia, RFS, Philips, DiBcom, TeamCast, UDcast, CNRS, INRIA, CEA-LETI.[2]

Satellites edit

ICO, one of the biggest satellite operators in the United States, in 2007 announced a nationwide deployment of an hybrid satellite/terrestrial network in DVB-SH with Alcatel-Lucent[3] and Expway.[4] ICO G1 satellite carrying DVB-SH technology on board was launched on April 14, 2008. It is the world's first DVB-SH satellite in orbit.

Eutelsat W2A satellite carrying a Solaris Mobile (a Eutelsat and SES joint venture, now EchoStar Mobile) DVB-SH S band payload was launched on 3 April 2009. It will cover Western Europe.[5][6][7] S-band payload was scheduled to enter into service in May 2009 but this did not occur due to an anomaly currently being investigated.[8] On 1 July 2009, Solaris Mobile filed the insurance claim. The technical findings indicate that the company should be able to offer some, but not all of the services it was planning to offer.[9]

Inmarsat's S band satellite programme, called EuropaSat, will deliver mobile multimedia broadcast, mobile two-way broadband telecommunications and next-generation MSS services across all member states of the European Union and as far east as Moscow and Ankara by means of a hybrid satellite/terrestrial network. It will be built by Thales Alenia Space and launched in early 2011 by ILS.[10]

Trials edit

DVB-H/SH trials are now[when?] underway in many cities and countries: Ireland,[11] United Kingdom,[12] Malaysia, Singapore,[13] Helsinki, Berlin, Cambridge, Pittsburgh, Paris, Tehran, Madrid, Sydney,[14] South Africa, Taiwan,[15] The Hague, Brussels, Bern, Vienna, New Zealand,[16] Philippines, Copenhagen, Budapest, Erlangen,[17] Sri Lanka, Roeselare, and India.

DVB-SH in S-band is seen as an alternative in Europe. Recent[when?] field trials and studies showed better performance in radio than DVB-H standard that would lead to much lower costs for network deployments.[citation needed]

In France again, SFR and Alcatel-Lucent teamed up to deploy a DVB-SH trial. The results confirmed the theoretical assumptions on the superiority of the DVB-SH over DVB-H, being the natural evolution of this legacy technology.[18]

In Italy, 3 Italia, RAI and Alcatel-Lucent joined forces for the first DVB-SH trial in Italy.[19]

In United States, Dish Network and Alcatel-Lucent joined forces for the first DVB-SH trial in US.[20]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "dvb.org: DVB approves DVB-SH specification". Archived from the original on March 2, 2008.
  2. ^ Alcatel Unlimited mobile TV Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2008-02-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Alcatel launches global "Unlimited Mobile TV for Mass Market" project". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-26. "Sagem Communication supports Alcatel's "Unlimited Mobile TV for Mass Market" initiative". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-26. [1] Archived 2007-10-15 at the Wayback Machine [2] "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-09-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Alcatel and DiBcom cooperate for Unlimited Mobile TV". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-26. "Alcatel and its partners welcome the support granted by the French Agency for Industrial Innovation (AII) to the "Unlimited Mobile TV" project". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-02-26. [3][dead link]
  3. ^ "ICO Global Communications - ICO and Alcatel-Lucent Finalize Agreement for Mobile Interactive Media Services". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
  4. ^ "ENENSYS - Efficient Media Delivery - Optimize | Secure | Monetize" (PDF). Enensys. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011.
  5. ^ "Eutelsat satellite fleet :: W2A satellite at 10 degrees East". Archived from the original on 2009-04-27. Retrieved 2009-06-10.
  6. ^ "Solaris Mobile". Archived from the original on 2011-02-03. Retrieved 2009-02-26.
  7. ^ "W2A Mission Control". Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-02-28.
  8. ^ "Satellite Services - Satellite TV & Communications - SES.com". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2020-08-02.
  9. ^ [4] Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine, [5] Archived 2012-02-20 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "EU selects Inmarsat to build pan-European network - Inmarsat". Archived from the original on 2009-06-22. Retrieved 2009-07-03., "Inmarsat wins European S-band spectrum award - Inmarsat". Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2009-07-03., "Inmarsat appoints partners to support S-band application process - Inmarsat". Archived from the original on 2008-12-06. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  11. ^ "DTG News: O2 and Arqiva launch DVB-H trial in Ireland". Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
  12. ^ "DTG News: UK's first DVB-H mobile TV trial goes live". Archived from the original on 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
  13. ^ Charged.mobi Archived 2008-02-20 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Dba.org.au Archived 2008-02-20 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ mobile-ent.biz Archived 2008-02-22 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Ihaka, James (14 April 2007). "Peek at where-ever when-ever cell TV". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
  17. ^ DVB-H Versuchssender Erlangen Archived 2007-08-17 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "SFR and Alcatel-Lucent tests in the field validate the fundamental assumptions for the deployment of a DVB-SH Mobile TV terrestrial network". WebWire.
  19. ^ "Alcatel-Lucent, 3 Italia and RAI Join Forces for the First DVB-SH Mobile TV Trial in Italy: Financial News - Yahoo! Finance". biz.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 2007-12-17.
  20. ^ "All News Releases and Press Releases from PR Newswire". www.prnewswire.com (Press release).

External links edit

  • DVB-SH standardization history, performance evaluation, research papers on DVB-SH system, DVB-SH trials and other scientific contributions
  • DVB Project
  • DVB-H.org
  • DVB-SH: Mobile digital TV in S-Band (EBU Technical Review article)
  • Alcatel April 2008
  • April 2008 in Italian
  • Echostar Mobile
  • Eutelsat
  • ICO
  • AT&T CruiseCast