Danishmend Gazi

Summary

Danishmend Gazi
Bey
Emir
Ghazi
Danişmendgazi.jpg
Reign1071/1075 – 1085
PredecessorPosition established
SuccessorGazi Gümüshtigin
Died1085[1]
Niksar, Danishmendids, now Turkey
FatherAli Taylu et-Türkmanī

Danishmend Gazi, full name Danişmend Gümüştegin Ahmed Ibn Ali Taylu et-Türkmanī (Persian: دانشمند احمد غازی‎), Danishmend Taylu, or Dānishmand Aḥmad Ghāzī (died 1085), was the Turkmen general of the Seljuqs and later founder of the beylik of Danishmends.[2] After the Turkic advance into Anatolia that followed the Battle of Manzikert, his dynasty controlled the north-central regions in Anatolia.

Life

The defeat of the Byzantine army at the Battle of Manzikert allowed the Turks, including forces loyal to Danishmend Gazi, to occupy nearly all of Anatolia. Danishmend Gazi and his forces took as their lands central Anatolia, conquering the cities of Neocaesarea, Tokat, Sivas, and Euchaita.

In 1085, he conquered Cappadocia. He died the same year.[3]

He was succeeded by his son Gazi Gümüshtigin.[4]

A tomb attributed to him is found in Niksar.[5]

Legend

Danishmend Gazi is the central figure in the Danishmendnâme ("Tale of Danishmend"), a 13th-century Turkish-language epic romance. In this allegory, events from the life of Danishmend Gazi are blended with the legendary exploits of the 8th-century Arab warrior Sayyid Battal Gazi and of the Persian hero Abu Muslim of the early Abbasid period, Abu Muslim.

The legends that comprise Danishmendnâme were compiled from Turkish oral tradition for the first time by order of the Seljuk Sultan Kayqubad I, a century after Danishmend's death. The final form that reached our day is a compendium that was put together under the instructions of the early 15th century Ottoman sultan Murad II.

Name

There is also some confusion on his name and divergence among names used by scholars. He had the same name as his son, Gümüştekin. The father is often referred to shortly as Danishmend Gazi, while his son is called Gazi Gümüştekin. Furthermore, the Danishmend dynasty is also cited as having a family tie to the Seljuk dynasty. He was the maternal uncle to the Seljuk ruler Suleiman ibn Qutulmish.[6][7]

Notes

  1. ^ "DÂNİŞMEND GAZİ - TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi".
  2. ^ Özaydın, A (1993). "Dânişmend Gazi". Islam Ansiklopedisi. 8: 467–469.
  3. ^ "DÂNİŞMEND GAZİ - TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi".
  4. ^ Cawley, Charles (August 2012), Medieval Lands Project: Turkish dynasties, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy,[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "Traditional Tomb of Danishmend Melik Ahmed Gazi". Archnet. Archived from the original on 2007-04-05.
  6. ^ "DÂNİŞMEND GAZİ - TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi".
  7. ^ Yazici 1993, pp. 654–655.

References

  • (limited preview) Clifford Edmund Bosworth (2004). The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-7486-2137-8.
  • Irene Melikoff (1960): Danishmendname La Geste de Melik Danishmend, translation and introduction to a Turkish epic of the 13th century
New title Melik of the Danishmends
1071–1084
Succeeded by
Gazi Gümüshtigin