Darkhan (city)

Summary

Darkhan
Дархан
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨ
Darkhan District
Дархан сум
ᠳᠠᠷᠬᠠᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
Buddha Statue complex
Buddha Statue complex
Darkhan is located in Mongolia
Darkhan
Darkhan
Coordinates: 49°28′08″N 105°57′27″E / 49.46889°N 105.95750°E / 49.46889; 105.95750Coordinates: 49°28′08″N 105°57′27″E / 49.46889°N 105.95750°E / 49.46889; 105.95750
CountryMongolia
ProvinceDarkhan-Uul Province
FoundedOctober 1961
Area
 • Total103 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation
665 m (2,182 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total83,883
 • Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (UTC + 8)
Postal code
213800
Area code(s)+976 (0)137
Vehicle registrationДАx (x variable)
ClimateDwb
Websitehttp://www.darkhan.mn/

Darkhan (Mongolian: Дархан, "blacksmith") is the third-largest city in Mongolia and the capital of Darkhan-Uul Aimag (Darkhan-Uul Province). It has a population of 96,428 in 2013.[1]


History

On October 17, 1961, the city of Darkhan was built with extensive economic assistance from the Comecon.[2] As its name implies, the city was originally conceived to be a manufacturing site for Mongolia's northern territory. Polish specialists built a woodworking plant, brickworks and a lime factory in Darkhan.[2] Hungarians built a meat factory, opened in 1974.[3]

The city remains a mostly industrial centre and is the home of some 82% of Darkhan-Uul Province's population. As with most urban Mongols, some 86% of the city's population live in residential apartments, with the remaining population living in yurts (gers) on the outskirts of the city.[citation needed]

Geography, Climate and structures

With an elevation of 665 meters, Darkhan is the capital of the Darkhan-Uul Province. It is a city with notable Soviet influence, it can be seen from huge square buildings and pretty heavy Cyrillic usage.being surrounded by mountains and hills, and too having some tourist atractions like statues largely being buddhist attractions. some parts of the city have wooden houses. [4] [5]

Climate

Darkhan has a borderline humid continental climate (Dwb), close to the more typical subarctic climate (Dwc) of northern Mongolia, which is found in higher areas near the city, and only marginally wet enough to avoid qualifying as a semi-arid climate (BSk). These three climate types tend to overlap a good deal over the border regions of Mongolia, Russia and Kazakhstan.[6] This area has extremely cold and dry winters; however the summers are warmer and more humid.

Climate data for Darkhan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−13.8
(7.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
10.6
(51.1)
19.3
(66.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.6
(78.1)
23.2
(73.8)
17.0
(62.6)
7.8
(46.0)
−4.6
(23.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
6.3
(43.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −24.7
(−12.5)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
3.2
(37.8)
11.2
(52.2)
17.2
(63.0)
19.2
(66.6)
17.1
(62.8)
9.9
(49.8)
0.7
(33.3)
−11.1
(12.0)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−0.6
(30.8)
Average low °C (°F) −30.6
(−23.1)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−15.7
(3.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
3.1
(37.6)
9.9
(49.8)
12.9
(55.2)
11.1
(52.0)
2.8
(37.0)
−6.3
(20.7)
−17.6
(0.3)
−27
(−17)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3
(0.1)
2
(0.1)
4
(0.2)
8
(0.3)
17
(0.7)
59
(2.3)
83
(3.3)
75
(3.0)
36
(1.4)
12
(0.5)
6
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
309
(12.3)
Source: http://en.climate-data.org/location/29830/

Culture

Monument to the Morin khuur instrument

The Kharagiin monastery is housed in a log cabin in the old town; it has recently become active again as a Buddhist monastery.

In addition, the city hosts the Museum of Darkhan-Uul. This museum, also called the Traditional Museum of Folk Art, contains a collection of archaeological findings, traditional clothing, religious artifacts, and taxidermy.

The city has a monument to the horse-head fiddle (morin khuur), the national emblematic instrument of Mongols.

Education

Darkhan is the second largest educational center in Mongolia, making the educational level of the city's population very high. Hundreds of students come to Darkhan from other parts of Mongolia to study. Currently in Darkhan Uul Aimag there are 10 higher education institutions, 25 secondary schools, 14 kindergartens, the Institute of Management and Development, the Regional Business Development Center and the Plant Science and Agricultural Training Research Institute.

Partner cities

Darkhan is partnered with:[7]

City State Country
Dimitrovgrad BUL Димитровград COA.png Haskovo Province Bulgaria Bulgaria
Zeitz Flag of Saxony-Anhalt (state).svg Saxony-Anhalt Germany Germany
Irving Texas Texas United States United States
Kaposvár FLAG-Somogy-megye.svg Somogy County Hungary Hungary
Ulan Ude Buryatia Buryatia Russia Russia

References

  1. ^ "РЕГИОНЫ МОНГОЛИИ:ДАРХАН". Archived from the original on 2014-04-19. Retrieved 2018-08-13.
  2. ^ a b Gronowska, Ewa (8 October 1988). "Polska— Mongolia. Kraj daleki i bliski". Głos Pomorza (in Polish). No. 235. p. 3.
  3. ^ "Felavatták Mongóliában a magyar segítséggel épült darhani húskombinátot". Petőfi Népe (in Hungarian). No. 158. 9 July 1974. p. 1.
  4. ^ maps.google.com
  5. ^ https://www.youtube.com
  6. ^ Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map
  7. ^ (in Bulgarian) Официален сайт на община Димитровград – Побратимени градове