Darwin College, Cambridge

Summary

Darwin College
University of Cambridge
Darwin College - geograph.org.uk - 1333608.jpg
Darwin College's buildings from the River Cam
Darwin College Arms.svg
Arms of Darwin College
LocationSilver Street
Coordinates52°12′02″N 0°06′49″E / 52.2006°N 0.1137°E / 52.2006; 0.1137 (Darwin College)Coordinates: 52°12′02″N 0°06′49″E / 52.2006°N 0.1137°E / 52.2006; 0.1137 (Darwin College)
AbbreviationDAR[1]
Founders
Established1964
Named afterThe Darwin Family
Sister collegeWolfson College, Oxford
MasterMike Rands
UndergraduatesNone
Postgraduates674[2]
Endowment£26,667,686 (2017)[3][4]
Websitewww.darwin.cam.ac.uk
Student associationwww.dcsa.dar.cam.ac.uk
Boat clubwww.darwin.cam.ac.uk/dcbc/
Map
Darwin College, Cambridge is located in Central Cambridge
Darwin College, Cambridge
Location in Central Cambridge
Darwin College, Cambridge is located in Cambridge
Darwin College, Cambridge
Location in Cambridge

Darwin College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Founded on 28 July 1964, Darwin was Cambridge University's first graduate-only college, and also the first to admit both men and women. The college is named after one of the university's most famous families and alumni, that of Charles Darwin. The Darwin family previously owned some of the land, Newnham Grange, on which the college now stands.

The college has between 600 and 700 students, mostly studying for PhD or MPhil degrees with strengths in the sciences, humanities, and law. About half the students come from outside the United Kingdom, representing 80 nationalities as of 2016. Darwin is the largest graduate college of Cambridge. Darwin's sister college at Oxford University is Wolfson College.

Members of Darwin College are termed Darwinians. The college has several distinguished alumni including prominent heads of government and state, politicians, diplomats, and scientists from various countries such as British primatologist and anthropologist Jane Goodall, [5][6] American conservationist Dian Fossey, Barbadian Governor-General Elliott Belgrave, Nobel Prize winner Elizabeth Blackburn, Nobel Prize winner Eric Maskin, Solicitor-General of the United States Paul Clement, Global Energy Prize winning scientist Thorsteinn I. Sigfusson, and Pulitzer Prize nominated neurosurgeon Paul Kalanithi.

Sir Ian Wilmut, the leader of the research group that in 1996 first cloned a mammal from an adult somatic cell, a Finnish Dorset lamb named Dolly is also an alumnus of the college. Honorary fellows include Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, and the scientist Martin Rees. Notable students and fellows of Darwin College include British politician Oliver Letwin, Nobel Prize winner Richard Henderson and four Nobel Laureates.[7] The college has 23 Fellows of the Royal Society among its current, emeritus, and honorary fellows including Dame Jane Francis.[8]

History

Main Building
Darwin College Library from the millpond
Silver Street

A significant increase in the number of postgraduate students at Cambridge University in the post-war period led to a growing realisation that a graduate college was becoming a necessity. In 1963, three of the university's older colleges – Trinity College, St John's College, and Gonville and Caius College – announced their intention to jointly form a new, wholly graduate college. The college was established in 1964, located on the bank of the River Cam, opposite Queens' College. On 29 January 1965, the Privy Council gave formal approval to the college as an Approved Foundation. It received its Royal Charter as an independent college within the university in 1976.

The college is named after the Darwin family, Charles Darwin's second son, George Darwin, having owned some of the property which the college now occupies. He bought Newnham Grange, the oldest part of the college, in 1885, together with the adjacent building known as The Old Granary, and Small Island. (Newnham Grange was originally built in 1793 for the family of Patrick Beales, a local corn and coal merchant. It was extensively remodelled by George Darwin.)

Following the death of George's son, Sir Charles Galton Darwin, in 1962, those concerned with the foundation of the new college learned that the property was to become available. Katherine, Lady Darwin, and her family were very receptive to the idea of their home becoming the nucleus of a new college, and to the suggestion that it should bear the family's name. Family portraits of the Darwin family are on loan to the college from the Darwin Heirloom Trust and can be found on the walls of several of the college's main rooms. In the book Period Piece: A Cambridge Childhood, the granddaughter of Charles Darwin, Gwen Raverat describes how she grew up at Newnham Grange.[citation needed]

A commemorative book entitled Darwin College: A 50th Anniversary Portrait was commissioned and published by the college in 2014 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the founding of the college in 1964.[9]

Buildings

Darwin College is known for its distinctive Georgian and Victorian architecture, gardens, and college site which is integrated into the nearby River Cam.

Located on Silver Street and Newnham Road, the college is also known for the Darwin College Bridges which connect the college grounds with the two islands of the college.

In 1966 the college acquired the Hermitage (a house built in the nineteenth century on the west side of Newnham Grange) from St John's College. Work to convert and extend the college's buildings was funded by the founding colleges and through substantial donations from the Rayne Foundation established by Sir Max Rayne, a Jewish businessman and philanthropist.

In 1994 Darwin College completed construction of a new library and study centre along the side of The Old Granary. The centre is built on a narrow strip of land alongside the millpond in Cambridge, and uses a structure of green oak and lime mortar brickwork. The building uses high-level automatically opening windows and a chimney to control natural ventilation.

In 2004, the college acquired the Malting House to accommodate 12 students. The Malting House is Grade II listed and its name reflects the original purpose of the building. The building was the home of the Malting House School, which experimented with radical ideas in education in the 1920s.

In 2010 the college acquired No 4 Newnham Terrace, the former Rectory for the Church of St Mary the Less, Cambridge (Little St Mary's) thereby finally establishing an entire boundary for the college from Queen's Bridge to Newnham Road and to the River Granta. The long boundary returns to Queen's Bridge and is formed by the two islands in the middle of the river.

Academic Profile

Darwin College has particular strengths across a range of subjects and is particularly strong in the sciences, law, and humanities with the majority of the postgraduate students graduating with PhDs and MPhils in these academic subjects.

As a postgraduate college, Darwin College is not ranked in the Tompkins Table ranking of Cambridge colleges that provide undergraduate studies.

Student life

Darwin College Dining Hall, Christmas 2011
Newnham Grange

The college organises the annual prestigious Darwin Lecture Series, eight talks over eight weeks structured around a single theme (such as 'Power') examined from very different perspectives (scientific, humanities, arts), given by eminent speakers who are leading international authorities in their fields. The lectures have been hosted for over twenty-five years and form one of the key events in the Cambridge calendar. Most of the series of lectures have been published as books. Past speakers at the Darwin Lecture Series have included Sir Walter Bodmer, Rose George, Andrew Fabian, and historian David Olusoga. The inaugural lecture was given by Karl Popper.[10]

The college has a 24 hour library and study centre overlooking the River Cam and provides extensive punting for its students.

In sports, Darwin College Boat Club is a popular student society at Darwin College, as well as Darwin College Football Club who play in the long established Cambridge University Association Football League (CUAFL), representing the only graduate college within CUAFL. The club plays throughout the year in and out of term.

The college has regular formal dinners with students and fellows and also holds annual May Balls during Cambridge's May Week.

Every Darwinian is automatically a member of the Darwin College Student Association (DCSA). The DCSA committee comprises 20 students, organising events and parties, supporting societies, and helping students make the most of their time in Cambridge.[11]

The Darwin College University Challenge team achieved some success on University Challenge in the 2018-2019 season reaching the semi-finals of the competition led by captain Jason Golfinos.[12] The College team reached the first-round of the 2020-21 season of University Challenge.

Notable alumni

Darwin College is associated with a number of distinguished alumni including former students, fellows of the college and past masters. Darwinians have achieved great success in a wide variety of careers including as scientists, lawyers, politicians, academics, civil servants, diplomats, and representatives of international organisations.

Elizabeth Blackburn, the 2009 Nobel laureate in medicine, studied for her PhD at Darwin. Eric Maskin, the 2007 Nobel laureate in economics, was a visiting student in 1975–76.

Conservationists Jane Goodall and Dian Fossey, Brian Gibson, Seamus O'Regan and Sir Ian Wilmut, the leader of the research group that first cloned the sheep Dolly, a mammal from an adult somatic cell, are alumni/ae.

Paul Clement, the former United States Solicitor General, read for an MPhil in Politics and Economics at Darwin in 1988–89. Elliott Belgrave, the Governor-General and High Court Judge of Barbados was an alumnus of the College.

Paul Kalanithi, the Pulitzer Prize nominated Stanford neurosurgeon and author of the New York Times Best Seller 'When Breath Becomes Air', was an MPhil student at Darwin.[13]

The philosopher Huw Price, current Bertrand Russell Professor of Philosophy at Cambridge, studied for his PhD in philosophy at Darwin under the philosopher Hugh Mellor, an erstwhile fellow of the college. The philosopher Nigel Warburton also studied for his PhD at Darwin. British nutritionist Professor Ann Prentice is also an alumnus of the university.

British architect and founder of van Heyningen and Haward Architects Joanna Van Heyningen is an alumnus of the college.

Alumni who became notable in sport include Helen McFie, a Scottish rower who as a member of the Cambridge University Boat Club won the 1971 and 1972 Boat Races and who competed for Great Britain at the 1975 World Rowing Championships. The Sri Lankan first-class cricketer Gajan Pathmanathan studied at Darwin College in 1982 and played first-class cricket at Cambridge.

Three current or former masters of Cambridge colleges are Darwin alumnae: Professor Mary Fowler (Darwin), Nicola Padfield (Fitzwilliam), and Professor Dame Jean Thomas (St. Catharine's).

Name Graduation date Death Career
Helen McFie 1972 British female rower
Kevin Burgess 1983 British Chemist
Bruce Campbell 1975 Historian
Nikos Christodoulakis 1981 Minister for Economy and Finance of Greece
John Clarke 1968 Physicist
Mary Fowler 1972, 1976 British Geologist and academic
Lindsey Hughes 1987 2007 Historian of Russia
David Ish-Horowicz 1973 Scientist
Paul Kalanithi 2007 2015 Indian-American neurosurgeon
Paul Lambert 1980 Royal Naval Officer
Jane Marriott OBE 1990 British diplomat
John Murton 1973 British diplomat
Nicola Padfield 1977 British barrister and academic
Gajan Pathmanathan 1982 2012 Indian cricketer
Huw Price 1982 Australian philosopher
Barbara Sahakian 1980 Professor of Clinical Neuropsychology
Dale Sanders 1978 Director of the John Innes Centre
Philippa Saunders 2000 British scientist and academic
Joanna Shapland 1981 British criminologist
Lawrence W. Sherman 1980 American criminologist
Sally Shuttleworth 1980 British academic of Victorian literature
Thorsteinn I. Sigfusson 1906 2019 Icelandic physicist
Deborah Swallow 1977 British museum curator
Walter Sweeney 1980 British Conservative politician
Rachel Thomson 1998 Professor of Engineering
Sebastian Ting Chiew Yew 1970 Malaysian politician
Nigel Warburton 1988 British philosopher
Fiona Watson 1989 2003 Scottish political affairs officer
Ian Wilmut 1926 British biologist and embryologist
Thomas Woodcock 1989 Garter Principal King of Arms
Alison Yarrington 1946 Professor of art

Fellows

César Milstein, who received the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, was a Fellow of Darwin College from 1980 to 2002. Richard Henderson, winner of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, has been a Fellow since 1981.

Sir Karl Popper and the Nobel Prize winner Max Perutz were Honorary Fellows, as are Amartya Sen and Martin Rees. Oliver Letwin was a research Fellow from 1981 to 1982.

Nick Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers, the inaugural president of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and Tom Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill, a Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were visiting professors at Darwin College in 1996 and between 2005 and 2008 [14][15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Notice by the Editor". Cambridge University Reporter. University of Cambridge. 149 (Special No 5): 1. 6 March 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Data & Analysis for Planning" (PDF). 13 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Annual report and Financial Statements for the year ended 30 June 2017" (PDF). Darwin College, Cambridge. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Annual report and Financial Statements for the year ended 30 June 2019" (PDF). Darwin College, Cambridge. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
  5. ^ "Honorary Fellows – Newnham College".
  6. ^ "Goodall, Dame (Valerie) Jane, (Born 3 April 1934), Scientific Director, Gombe Wildlife Research Institute, Tanzania, since 1967". Who's Who. 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U17468. ISBN 978-0-19-954088-4.
  7. ^ "Dr Richard Henderson wins Nobel Prize for Chemistry | Darwin College".
  8. ^ "Darwin Fellow Dame Jane Francis elected FRS | Darwin College".
  9. ^ "A 50th Anniversary Portrait | Darwin College Shop".
  10. ^ Popper, K. (1978). Natural selection and the emergence of mind. Dialectica, 339-355.
  11. ^ http://dcsa.dar.cam.ac.uk/drupal6/info/student-life/student-association-dcsa/your-representatives[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Malvern, Jack. "University Challenge's brainbox Jason Golfinos scores top marks for charisma".
  13. ^ http://www.pulitzer.org/prize-winners-by-year/2017[bare URL]
  14. ^ "Bingham of Cornhill, Baron, (Thomas Henry Bingham) (13 Oct. 1933–11 Sept. 2010)". Who Was Who. 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U7541. ISBN 978-0-19-954089-1.
  15. ^ "Phillips of Worth Matravers, Baron, (Nicholas Addison Phillips) (Born 21 Jan. 1938)". Who's Who. 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U30733. ISBN 978-0-19-954088-4.

External links

  • Darwin College website
  • Darwin lectures
  • Darwin College Boat Club
  • Darwin College Football Club