Defence Space Agency

Summary

Defence Space Agency
Active
  • Established: 28 September 2018[1][2]
  • Operational: November 2019[3]
Country India
TypeTri-service command
RoleSpace Warfare
Satellite Intelligence
Part ofIntegrated Defence Staff[4]
HeadquartersBengaluru[5]

The Defence Space Agency (DSA) is a tri-service agency of the Indian Armed Forces. Headquartered in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. The agency is tasked with operating the space-warfare and Satellite Intelligence[6] assets of India. The DSA draws personnel from all three branches of the Armed Forces.

The agency is expected to be converted into a full sized tri-service military command in future.[3]

History

Origins

The Naresh Chandra Task Force was set up in July 2011 by National Security Advisor Shivshankar Menon to review the recommendations of the Kargil Review Committee, assess the implementation progress and further suggest new reforms related to national security.[7][8] The task force was led by Naresh Chandra, retired Indian Administrative Service officer, and comprised 13 other members, including Gopalaswami Parthasarathy, Air Chief Marshal Srinivasapuram Krishnaswamy (Retd), Admiral Arun Prakash (Retd), Lt Gen V. R. Raghavan (Retd), Anil Kakodkar, K C Verma and V K Duggal. The committee conducted the first holistic review of national security since the Kargil Review Committee and submitted its classified report to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 23 May 2012.[9] Among its recommendations, the Task Force recommended the creation of a cyber command, an aerospace command and a special operations command. All three units were proposed to be tri-service commands.[10][11] The DSA is a downsized implementation of this proposal.[3]

The creation of the Defence Space Agency (DSA), the Defence Cyber Agency (DCA), and the Armed Forces Special Operations Division (AFSOD) was approved by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the Combined Commanders' Conference at Jodhpur Air Force Station on 28 September 2018.[1][2] The Defence Imagery Processing and Analysis Centre in Delhi and the Defence Satellite Control Centre in Bhopal were subsumed by the DSA.[3]

Anti-satellite programme of India

Indian ASAT missile, taking off during test in March 2019

Months before the operationalisation of the Defence Space Agency, India conducted an Anti-satellite weapon (ASAT) test in March 2019. The test was aimed at demonstrating India's anti-satellite capability.[12]

The Indian ASAT programme can be traced back to its BMD program, which began in 1999 in response to threats posed by the Ballistic missiles of Pakistan and China.[13] In 2006 and 2007, India tested its first exo atmospheric interceptor and has developed many interceptors since then.[14][15] On 18 March 2008, DRDO Chief V. K. Saraswat had hinted that India possessed technology required for an ASAT missile, reiterating it in February 2010.[16] India is known to have been developing an exo-atmospheric kill vehicle that can be integrated with the missile to engage satellites.[17] In April 2012, Saraswat again said that India possessed the critical technologies for an ASAT weapon from radars and interceptors developed for Indian Ballistic Missile Defence Programme.[18] India had begun work on its ASAT soon after the 2007 Chinese anti-satellite missile test.[16]

As of April 2019, India was working on directed energy ASAT weapons, co-orbital ASAT weapons, lasers and electromagnetic pulse (EMP) based ASAT weapons. The ability to protect space assets from hostile electronic and physical attacks was also being developed by India.[19]

Exercise IndSpaceEx

India conducted its first simulated space warfare exercise on 25th and 26 July 2019, called IndSpaceEx. The exercise was conducted under the supervision of Integrated Defence Staff. The exercise was aimed at obtaining an assessment of threats and the creation of a joint space warfare doctrine.[20][21]

Organisation

The DSA will be in Bengaluru.[5] It will function under the Integrated Defence Staff.[4] Personnel from all the three branches of the Indian Armed Forces will be stationed in the agency.[4] The agency is expected to be fully operational by November 2019.[3]

Role

The DSA will operate systems to protect Indian interests in outer space and will deal with potential space wars. The agency will have the responsibility of developing a space warfare strategy.[22]

Defence Space Research Agency

The Defence Space Research Agency (DSRA) is the scientific organisation responsible for developing space-warfare systems and technologies for the Defence Space Agency. The DSRA was approved by the Indian government in June 2019.[23] The DSRA is composed of scientists who undertake research and development in close coordination with the Integrated Defence Staff.[24] Various types of Anti-satellite weapon systems are currently under development.[19]

See also

Integrated entities
Assets
Other nations
General concepts

References

  1. ^ a b "PM Narendra Modi attends Combined Commanders' Conference in Jodhpur". The Economic Times. 28 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Major General A K Dhingra appointed as the first Special Operations Division Commander". The Economic Times. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Agencies take shape for special operations, space, cyber war". The Times of India. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Peri, Dinakar (16 May 2019). "Centre names officers for tri-service divisions". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Defence Space agency to come up at Bengaluru". The Economic Times. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Agencies take shape for special operations, space, cyber war". Times Of India. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  7. ^ Joshi, Manoj. "Shutting his ears to change". India Today. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  8. ^ Joshi, Manoj (March 2014). "Policy Report: The Unending Quest to Reform India National Security System" (PDF). S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) (www.rsis.edu.sg). Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  9. ^ "All eyes on Naresh Chandra report on natl security today". Rediff. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  10. ^ Kanwal, Gurmeet; Kohli, Neha. "Defence Reforms: A National Imperative" (PDF). Brookings. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  11. ^ "Formation of Indian armed forces' special operations unit begins, to have 3000 commandos". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  12. ^ "Modi hails India as military space power after anti-satellite missile test". Reuters. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  13. ^ Interview: Vijay Kumar Saraswat[dead link]
  14. ^ Ratliff, Ben. "India successfully tests missile interceptor". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  15. ^ "DRDO readies shield against Chinese ICBMs". India Today. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  16. ^ a b Shukla, Ajai (28 March 2019). "India successfully tests ASAT missile, joins space superpower club". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 14 August 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". 12 February 2015. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ Unnithan, Sandeep (27 April 2012). "India has all the building blocks for an anti-satellite capability". India Today. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  19. ^ a b "ASAT missile: Satellite-killer not a one-off, India working on star wars armoury | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. 7 April 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  20. ^ "Eye on China, India set to kickstart 1st space war drill | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  21. ^ "Space Defence | Is India prepared to fight, and win tomorrow's wars?". Moneycontrol. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  22. ^ "Government finalises broad contours of defence space agency". The Economic Times. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  23. ^ "Defence Space Research Agency: Modi govt approves new body to develop space weapon systems". India Today. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  24. ^ ANI (11 June 2019). "Modi govt approves new agency to develop space warfare weapon systems". Business Standard India. Retrieved 7 October 2019.