The Democratic Party for the People (国民民主党, Kokumin Minshu-tō), abbreviated to DPP or DPFP, is a centre to centre-right political party in Japan. The party was formed on 7 May 2018 from the merger of the Democratic Party and Kibō no Tō (Party of Hope).
|Founded||7 May 2018|
11 September 2020 (in current form)
|Merged into||Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (majority faction)|
|Headquarters||1-11-1 Miyakezaka Building, Nagatachō, Chiyoda, Tokyo|
|Newspaper||Kokumin Minshu Press|
|Ideology||Liberal conservatism[failed verification]|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|Colors||Blue and Gold|
(Tsukurou, atarashii kotae, "Let's make a new answer")
(Ugoke, nippon, "Move, Japan.")
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|Prefectural assembly members|
33 / 2,614
|Municipal assembly members|
118 / 30,101
In September 2020 a majority of the party reached an agreement to merge with the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and the original party was officially dissolved on 11 September 2020. However 14 DPP members refused to merge, including party leader Yuichiro Tamaki, and instead formed a new party retaining the DPP name and branding.
On 28 September 2017, Democratic Party (DP) leader Seiji Maehara announced that the party had abandoned plans to contest the 2017 general election, with the party's sitting representatives contesting the election as candidates for the Kibō no Tō recently founded by former Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike, or as independents. On 23 October 2017, after the election, Maehara resigned as party president, with the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ) having replaced the DP as the largest opposition party in the House of Representatives, while the existing DP caucus continued to exist in the House of Councillors.
In January 2018, the DP and the Kibō no Tō agreed to form a joint parliamentary group in both houses of the Diet, although days later the negotiations broke down. On 9 April 2018, it was announced that talks were ongoing to merge the two parties into a new opposition force. On 24 April 2018, at a joint press conference the leadership of the DP and the Kibō no Tō announced that both parties had agreed to merge in May 2018 as the National Democratic Party. The DP and Kibō no Tō on 7 May 2018, 62 members of the predecessor parties joined the DPP at its formation. adopting Democratic Party for the People as their official English language title. DP leader Kōhei Ōtsuka and Kibō leader Yūichirō Tamaki became the interim co-leaders of the new party.
On 19 August 2020, the DPP announced that a majority of its members would merge in September of that year with the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ) and some independent lawmakers. Both parties would officially be dissolved under the agreement. On 10 September 2020, the new party elected Yukio Edano of the CDPJ as its leader and voted to retain the CDPJ party name. The DPP dissolved on 11 September 2020, the day after the leader of the merged party was elected. However, 14 members of the DPP, led by Tamaki, refused to merge with the CDPJ, instead creating a new party which retained the DPP name and branding.
A self-proclaimed "reformist centrist" party, it enumerated freedom, symbiosis and responsibility for the future in its basic philosophy and self-proclaimed the establishment of a "Reformist-Centrist Party" (改革中道政党, Kaikaku-chūdō seitō) based on these philosophies. Otsuka said that the term "Reformist-Centrist Party" describes the attitude and spirit of the DPP that thoroughly adheres to a democratic approach to realistically reform/solve various issues. However, the party is viewed as having a strong "reformist conservative" tendency because the split of the DP has drained liberals to the CDP.[failed verification]
|Deputy leader||Seiji Maehara|
|Vice leaders||Wakako Yada|
|Deputy Secretary-General||Shūhei Kishimoto|
|General Affairs chief||Takae Ito|
|Diet Affairs Committee chief||Motohisa Furukawa|
|Election Campaign Committee chief||Shūhei Kishimoto|
|Policy Affairs Research Council chief||Yasue Funayama|
|No.||Name||Constituency / title||Term of office||Image||Election results||Prime Minister (term)|
|Took office||Left office|
|Preceding parties: Democratic Party (2016) (centre), Kibō no Tō (centre-right), & Liberal Party (2016) (centre-left)|
Cou for Aichi
Rep for Kagawa 2nd
|7 May 2018||4 September 2018||
||Abe S. 2012–20|
|2||Yuichiro Tamaki||Rep for Kagawa 2nd||4 September 2018||11 September 2020|
|Successor parties: Constitutional Democratic Party (centre-left) & Democratic Party for the People (centre-right)|
|1||Yuichiro Tamaki||Rep for Kagawa 2nd||11 September 2020||Incumbent||Abe S. 2012–20|
|Election||Leader||Candidates||Seats||Position||Constituency votes||PR Block votes||Government|
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While the CDP, a center-left party, is united on the merger idea, the DPP, a center-right party, was divided even before Monday’s developments.
The main opposition, the centrist Constitutional Democratic Party, lost 13 seats, to end up with 96. Other smaller opposition parties only shifted slightly, with the Japanese Communist Party dropping two to ten, and the centre-right Democratic Party for the People gaining three to reach 11.