Department of Transportation (Philippines)

Summary

Department of Transportation
Kagawaran ng Transportasyon
Department of Transportation (Philippines).svg
Department overview
FormedJanuary 23, 1899; 123 years ago (1899-01-23)
DissolvedJune 30, 2016 as Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC)
HeadquartersClark Freeport, Mabalacat, Pampanga
Annual budget₱87.45 billion (2021)[1]
Department executives
Websitewww.dotr.gov.ph

The Department of Transportation (DOTr; Filipino: Kagawaran ng Transportasyon) is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for the maintenance and expansion of viable, efficient, and dependable transportation systems as effective instruments for national recovery and economic progress. It is responsible for the country's land, air, and sea communications infrastructure.

Until June 30, 2016, the department was named Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC; Filipino: Kagawarán ng Transportasyón at Komunikasyón). With Republic Act No. 10844 or "An Act Creating the Department of Information and Communications Technology", signed into law on May 20, 2016 during the administration of Outgoing President Benigno Aquino III, the Information and Communications Technology Office was spun off the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and merged with all operative units of the DOTC dealing with communications, to form the new Department of Information and Communications Technology.[2]

History

From 1899 to 1979, all transportation activities were integrated into the structure and activities of what is now today the Department of Public Works and Highways.

Early history

On July 28, 1979, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC), headed by Minister José P. Dans Jr. was formally created pursuant to Executive Order No. 546. Under this Executive Order, the Ministry of Public Works, Transportation and Communications (MPWTC) was divided into two separate ministries: The Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) and the Ministry of Public Works and Highways (MPWH).

The MOTC became the primary policy, planning, programming, coordinating, implementing and administrative entity of the executive branch of the government in the promotion, development and regulation of a dependable and coordinated network of transportation and communication systems.

The infrastructure projects undertaken during this period included:

It was also during this period that the motor vehicle registration and control was improved with the introduction of permanent vehicle license plates and the staggered registration system. A bus leasing program provided an additional 1,000 new buses in Metro Manila.

The operations of both the Philippine National Railways and the Metro Manila Transit Corporation were improved and expanded. At the same time, the Manila South Line of the PNR serving the Bicol Region was rehabilitated.

Post-1986

On February 26, 1986, just after the 1986 EDSA Revolution, Congressman Hernando B. Pérez was appointed Minister of Transportation and Communication by President Corazon C. Aquino.

In March 1987, technocrat Rainerio O. Reyes, was appointed Minister of MOTC. Immediately after, the MOTC was reorganized pursuant to Executive Order Nos. 125, and 125-A. With these Executive Orders, the MOTC was made into a department, under the Executive branch of the Government.

Under Secretary Reyes, the quasi-judicial functions of the department were transferred to the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board, which was created through Executive Order No. 202.

Under Fidel V. Ramos

Jesus B. Garcia was appointed Secretary of the DOTC by President Fidel V. Ramos. Under Garcia, new entrants were allowed in the landline and cellular phone services, dilapidated taxi cabs were also phased out in favor of brand new and late model units.

In early 1995, then Senator Ernesto Maceda ranked the DOTC first in his "Flagship Centers of Corruption and Inefficiency" scorecard for 1994 out of all the government agencies, citing its alleged irregular transactions for projects related to telecommunication.[3] Maceda previously ranked it second for the year 1993.[3]

Present

By 2016, the foundation of the Department of Information and Communications Technology caused the DOTC to become simply the DOTr as the DICT transferred the DOTC's communications agencies to it.

In July 2017, the Agency began transferring its main operations from its longtime headquarters at Columbia Tower in Mandaluyong to Clark, Mabalacat, Pampanga.[4]

Currently, the DOTr is pursuing numerous transportation projects as part of the Build! Build! Build! infrastructure program of the government,[5] with PHP 3.6T worth of public infrastructure projects being rolled out from 2018 to 2022.

Ongoing projects

Railways

Metro Manila Subway

The Metro Manila Subway, originally named Mega Manila Subway, is an approved underground rapid transit line to be built initially in Metro Manila in the Philippines.

The subway project was fast-tracked with the announcement on February 5, 2021, that 25 tunnel boring machines will be used for the subway's construction. Planned partial operations of the subway was revised to sometime between December 2021 and February 2022.[6]

On April 27, 2021, the Department of Transportation announced that the underground works for the subway will start in the 4th quarter of 2021.[7]

PNR North-South Commuter Railway

The North–South Commuter Railway is an under-construction commuter rail from New Clark City in Capas, Tarlac to Calamba, Laguna. The North Line will have a length of 106-kilometer, from Tutuban in Manila to New Clark City, and is expected to be completed by 2021.[8][9] The South Line will be reconstructed as an electrified standard-gauge full double-track line.

Pre-construction work such as clearing of the right of way had been started in January 2018. Construction commenced in February 2019.[10][11]

Organizational structure

The department is headed by the Secretary of Transportation, with the following seven undersecretaries and thirteen assistant secretaries

  • Undersecretary for Administration and Finance
  • Undersecretary for Aviation and Airports
  • Undersecretary for Legal Affairs and Procurement
  • Undersecretary for Maritime
  • Undersecretary for Planning and Project Development
  • Undersecretary for Railways
  • Undersecretary for Road and Infrastructure
  • Assistant Secretaries for Maritime
  • Assistant Secretaries for Planning
  • Assistant Secretaries for Road Transport and Infrastructure
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration and Finance
  • Assistant Secretary for Aviation Intelligence and Enforcement
  • Assistant Secretary for Communications
  • Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Procurement
  • Assistant Secretary for Project Implementation
  • Assistant Secretary for Railways

Attached agencies

The Mitsubishi Adventure Patrol car of the Land Transportation Office in Butuan City

Land (Road)

Rail

Air

Sea

Miscellaneous

Secretaries of Transportation

# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Minister of Public Works and Communications
1 Maximo Paterno January 21, 1899 November 13, 1899 Emilio Aguinaldo
Secretary of Public Works and Communications
2 Antonio de las Alas November 15, 1935 1936 Manuel Quezon
3 Mariano Jesús Cuenco 1936 1939
4 José Avelino 1939 1941
Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor
5 Basilio Valdes December 23, 1941 August 1, 1944 Manuel Quezon
Secretary of Public Works and Communications
6 Jose Paez 1944 1945 Sergio Osmeña
7 Sotero Cabahug 1945 May 28, 1946
8 Ricardo Nepumoceno May 28, 1946 July 1, 1949 Manuel Roxas
Elpidio Quirino
9 Propsero Sanidad February 21, 1950 1951
10 Sotero Baluyut January 6, 1951 1952
11 Pablo Lorenzo May 6, 1952 1953
Secretary of Public Works, Transportation and Communications
12 Vicente Orosa March 10, 1954 1955 Ramon Magsaysay
13 Florencio Moreno April 30, 1955 December 30, 1961
Carlos P. Garcia
14 Marciano Bautista 1961 1962 Diosdado Macapagal
15 Paulino Cases 1962 1962
16 Brigido Valenica 1962 1963
17 Jorge Abad 1963 1965
18 Antonio V. Raquiza August 24, 1966 1968 Ferdinand Marcos
19 Rene Espina 1968 September 1969
20 Antonio Syquio September 1969 1970
21 David Consunji 1970 1975
22 Alfredo Juinio 1975 1978
Minister of Public Works, Transportation and Communications
Alfredo Juinio 1978 1981 Ferdinand Marcos
Minister of Transportation and Communications
23 Jose P. Dans 1981 1986 Ferdinand Marcos
Secretary of Transportation and Communications
24 Hernando B. Perez February 25, 1986 March 1987 Corazon Aquino
25 Rainerio O. Reyes March 1987 1989
26 Oscar Orbos January 3, 1990 December 9, 1990
27 Arturo Corona 1990 1992
28 Pete Nicomedes Prado 1992 1992
29 Jesus Garcia July 1992 March 1996 Fidel Ramos
30 Amado S. Lagdameo April 1996 April 1997
31 Arturo Enrile April 1997 January 1998
32 Josefina Trinidad-Luchauco January 1998 June 30, 1998
33 Vicente C. Rivera June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Joseph Estrada
34 Pantaleon Alvarez January 20, 2001 2002 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
35 Leandro Mendoza July 3, 2002 February 23, 2010
36 Anneli R. Lontoc (Acting) March 9, 2010 June 30, 2010
37 Jose De Jesus June 30, 2010 July 4, 2011 Benigno Aquino III
38 Mar Roxas July 4, 2011 October 18, 2012
39 Joseph Emilio Abaya October 18, 2012 June 30, 2016
Secretary of Transportation
40 Arthur Tugade June 30, 2016 Incumbent Rodrigo Duterte

References

  1. ^ https://www.dbm.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/GAA/GAA2021/TechGAA2021/DOTr/DOTr.pdf
  2. ^ Sabillo, Kristine Angeli (May 23, 2016). "Dep't of Information and Communications Technology created". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
  3. ^ a b MAV (January 5, 1995). "Maceda lists top government 'corrupt offices'". Manila Standard. Kamahalan Publishing Corp. p. 24. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
  4. ^ Manabat, Jacque (July 28, 2017). "DOTr begins transfer to Clark". ABS-CBN News (in American English). Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  5. ^ de Vera, Ben O.; Yee, Jovic; Camus, Miguel R. (April 19, 2017). "Dutertenomics: 'Golden age of infrastructure'". Inquirer.net. Retrieved November 6, 2017.
  6. ^ Balinbin, Arjay L. (February 5, 2021). "Deployment of 25 tunnel-boring machines signals big push for subway completion". BusinessWorld.
  7. ^ "Underground work for Metro Manila subway to start in Q4". CNN Philippines. April 27, 2021. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
  8. ^ Dela Paz, Chrisee (June 25, 2017). "17 stations of Manila-Clark Railway announced". Rappler. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
  9. ^ Aning, Jerome (June 25, 2017). "DOTr leads marking of Manila-Clark railway's 5 future stations". Inquirer. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
  10. ^ Demayo, Mark (February 15, 2019). "Phase 1 of North-South Commuter Railway project breaks ground". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  11. ^ Mercurio, Richmond (February 16, 2019). "Construction of North-South Commuter Railway kicks off". Philstar. Retrieved February 16, 2019.

External links

  • Department of Transportation official website