Desh (also known as Pune Division or Paschim Maharashtra) is a region in India bounded on the west by the Western Ghats or Sahyadri range, on the north by the Khandesh and on the east by the Marathwada regions of Maharashtra and on the South by Karnataka. The region is hilly and slopes towards the east, and is drained by the upper reaches of the Godavari and Krishna rivers and their tributaries.
In the context of the history of Maharashtra, "Desh" is an abbreviation for "Maharashtra-desh", that historical region of the west-central Deccan Plateau that is called the Division of Pune. Marathwada came to be called separately because it had been conquered by the Nizam of Hyderabad as part of the former Princely state of Hyderabad.
The Desh region was the birthplace and core of the Maratha Empire, founded by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in the 17th century, and is home to a number of cities, like Satara and Pune, associated with the Maratha Empire history. The region came under British rule in 1818, at the conclusion of the Third Anglo-Maratha War. Most of the region was ruled directly by the British as part of the Bombay Presidency, but several princely states, including Satara, Sangli and Kolhapur, remained under Maratha rulers in subsidiary alliance with the British. Satara was annexed by the British in 1848. After Indian Independence in 1947, Bombay Presidency became the Indian state of Bombay. Bombay state was divided into the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat in 1960.
Surnames based on Desh
Some of the prominent surnames based on Desh include:
- Bhosale (Maratha Caste)
- Deshpande (Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu)
- Deshmukh (Maratha caste)
- Desai (Maratha caste)
- Desale (Maratha caste)
- Deshkar (Deshastha Brahmin caste)
- Jedhe (Maratha Caste)
- Kulkarni (Deshastha Brahmin)
The historical context behind the surname 'Desale' is interesting. After the death of Aurangazeb, when Maratha Empire started growing north-wards, some Maratha families move towards north from the 'Desh' region. The Bhosale families, who left 'Desh', adapted surname as 'Desale'. The 'Desale' surname is found mostly in North-Maharashtra's Khandesh region.
- Chopra, Pran Nath (1982). Religions and communities of India. Vision Books. pp. 52–54. ISBN 978-0-85692-081-3.
- Rao; Prakash; Patil; Yogesh. Reconsidering the Impact of Climate Change on Global Water Supply, Use, and Management. IGI Global. p. 253. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
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