Devanagari numerals

Summary

The Devanagari numerals are the symbols used to write numbers in the Devanagari script, the predominant for northern Indian languages. They are used to write decimal numbers, instead of the Western Arabic numerals.

TableEdit

Modern
Devanagari
Western
Arabic
Words for the cardinal number
Sanskrit
(wordstem)
Hindi
0 śūnya (शून्य) शून्य (śūny)
1 eka (एक) एक (ek)
2 dvi (द्वि) दो (do)
3 tri (त्रि) तीन (tīn)
4 catur (चतुर्) चार (cār)
5 pañca (पञ्च) पांच (pāñc)
6 ṣaṭ (षट्) छह (chah)
7 sapta (सप्त) सात (sāt)
8 aṣṭa (अष्ट) आठ (āṭh)
9 nava (नव) नौ (nau)

The word "Shunya" for zero was translated into Arabic as "صفر" "sifr", meaning 'nothing' which became the term "zero" in many European languages from Medieval Latin, zephirum.[1]

VariantsEdit

Devanagari digits shapes may vary depending on geographical area.[2][3]

 
Common
 
Nepali
1
 
"Bombay" Variant
 
"Calcutta" Variant
5
 
"Bombay" Variant
 
"Calcutta" Variant
8
 
Common
 
Nepali Variant
9

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ "zero - Origin and meaning of zero by Online Etymology Dictionary". www.etymonline.com.
  2. ^ Devanagari for TEX version 2.17, page 21
  3. ^ "Alternate digits in Devanagari". Scriptsource.org. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
Sources
  • Sanskrit Siddham (Bonji) Numbers
  • Devanagari Numbers in Nepali language