Diocese of Pannonia ( Latin: Dioecesis Pannoniarum, lit. "Diocese of the Pannonias"), from 395 known as the Diocese of Illyricum, was a diocese of the Late Roman Empire. The seat of the (governor of the diocese) was vicarius Sirmium.
Diocese of Pannonia in 300 AD
Diocese of Illyricum (Diocese of Pannonia) in 400 AD
It was originally part of the
praetorian prefecture of Italy and was incorporated by the praetorian prefecture of Illyricum when it was established in 347.
Disputed by the two halves of the Empire in the following years, the Diocese of Pannonia was one of the two dioceses in the eastern quarters of the
Tetrarchy not belonging to the cultural Greek half of the empire (the other was Dacia), and so it was transferred back to the Western Empire at the death of Theodosius I in 395 and was joined to the Prefecture of Italy as the Diocese of Illyricum.
Galla Placidia gave the diocese of Illyricum to Eastern Emperor Theodosius II.
Its ultimate fate is uncertain. Pannonia was lost to the
Huns in the 440s, although Dalmatia was retained by the Western Empire until c. 480.
Ostrogoth king of Italy Theodoric the Great conquered Pannonia in the late 5th century, possibly reestablishing the diocese.
The Diocese of Pannonia (Diocese of Illyricum occidentalis) included the
Roman provinces of Pannonia Prima, Pannonia Valeria, Pannonia Savia, Pannonia Secunda, Noricum Mediterraneum, Noricum Ripensis and Dalmatia.
Also under its jurisdiction were the
Exarch of Sirmium, the Metropolis of Lauriacum, Vindomana, Sirmium, Salona, Salisburgium and the " locus incertus" (the " unknown location", see: Miholjanec).
List of known Vicars Edit
Valerius Licinius (308-314). Later usage of the term Edit See also Edit References Edit
^ Cyrillus and Methodius, the Apostles of the Slavsl
Gračanin, Hrvoje (2006). "The Huns and South Pannonia". Byzantinoslavica. 64: 29–76.
Gračanin, Hrvoje (2015). "Late Antique Dalmatia and Pannonia in Cassiodorus' Variae". Povijesni prilozi. 49: 9–80.
Gračanin, Hrvoje (2016). "Late Antique Dalmatia and Pannonia in Cassiodorus' Variae (Addenda)". Povijesni prilozi. 50: 191–198.
Mirković, Miroslava B. (2017). Sirmium: Its History from the First Century AD to 582 AD. Novi Sad: Center for Historical Research.
Mócsy, András (2014) . Pannonia and Upper Moesia: A History of the Middle Danube Provinces of the Roman Empire. New York: Routledge.
Várady, László (1969). Das Letzte Jahrhundert Pannoniens (376–476). Amsterdam: Verlag Adolf M. Hakkert. Wozniak, Frank E. (1981). "East Rome, Ravenna and Western Illyricum: 454-536 A.D." Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte. 30 (3): 351–382. External links Edit