Districts of Bangladesh

Summary

The divisions of Bangladesh are divided into 64[1] districts or zila.[2] The headquarters of a district is called a district seat (jela shodor). The districts are further subdivided into 492 sub-districts or upazila.[3]

Districts of Bangladesh

HistoryEdit

Before independence, Bangladesh (then known as East Pakistan) had 20 districts.

English spelling changeEdit

In April 2018, the government changed the English spelling of five districts to avoid inconsistencies in the Bengali and English spellings. The spellings have been changed from Bogra to Bogura, Barisal to Barishal, Jessore to Jashore, Chittagong to Chattogram and Comilla to Cumilla.[4]

AdministrationEdit

Deputy commissionerEdit

A deputy commissioner (popularly abbreviated to "DC") is the executive head of the district. Deputy commissioners are appointed by the government from the deputy secretary BCS Administration Cadre.

District councilsEdit

A district council (or zila parishad) is a local government body at the district level.[5] The Bengali word parishad means council and zila parishad translates to district council.

The functions of a district council include construction and maintenance of roads, and bridges, building hospitals and dispensaries, schools and educational institutions, health facilities and sanitation, tube wells for drinking water, rest houses, and coordination of activities of the Union parishads within the district.

Timeline of creationEdit

1666
  • Chittagong district.[6]
1769
  • Rangpur District.[7]
1772
  • Rajshahi district.[8]
1772
  • Dhaka district.
  • Jashore district.[9]
3 January 1782
  • Sylhet district.[10]
1786
  • Dinajpur district.[11]
1787
  • Mymensingh district.[12]
1790
  • Comilla district.[13]
1797
  • Barisal district.[14]
1815
  • Faridpur district.[15]
1821
  • Noakhali district.[16]
  • Bogra district.[17]
1832
1860
  • Hill Tracts district is split from Chittagong district.[6]
1882
  • Khulna district.[19]
1947
  • Kushtia district.[20]
1969
  • Tangail district is split from Mymensingh district.[12]
  • Patuakhali district.[21]
1971
  • Dhaka Division: Dhaka district, Faridpur district, Mymensingh district, Tangail district
  • Chittagong Division: Hill Tracts district, Chittagong district, Comilla district, Noakhali district, Sylhet district, Cox's Bazar district
  • Rajshahi Division: Bogura district, Dinajpur district, Rajshahi district, Rangpur district, Pabna district
  • Khulna Division: Bakerganj district, Jashore district, Khulna district, Kushtia district, Patuakhali district
1978
  • Jamalpur district is split from Mymensingh district.[22][12]
1983
  • Joypurhat district was split from Bogra district.[17]
22 February 1984
  • Brahmanbaria and Chandpur districts were split from Comilla district.[23]
  • Sirajganj district was split from Pabna district.[24]
  • Sherpur, Netrokona and Kishoreganj districts were split from Mymensingh district.[12]
  • Lakshmipur and Feni districts were split from Noakhali district.[25][26]
  • Sunamganj, Habiganj and Maulvibazar districts were split from Sylhet district.[10]
  • Thakurgaon and Panchagarh districts were split from Dinajpur district.[11]
1 March 1984
  • Cox's Bazar district was split from Chittagong district.[27]

List of districtsEdit

District Division Established Area (km2)[28] Population (2011)[28] Density (/km2)
English Bengali
Barguna বরগুনা Barisal 1984 1,831 892,781 488
Barisal বরিশাল 1797 2,785 2,324,310 835
Bhola ভোলা 1984 3,403 1,776,795 522
Jhalokati ঝালকাঠি 1984 749 682,669 911
Patuakhali পটুয়াখালী 1969 3,221 1,535,854 477
Pirojpur পিরোজপুর 1984 1,308 1,113,257 851
Bandarban বান্দরবান Chittagong 1981 4,479 388,335 87
Brahmanbaria ব্রাহ্মণবাড়িয়া 1984 1,927 2,840,498 1,474
Chandpur চাঁদপুর 1984 1,704 2,416,018 1,418
Chittagong চট্টগ্রাম 1666 5,283 7,616,352 1,442
Comilla কুমিল্লা 1790 3,085 5,387,288 1,746
Cox's Bazar কক্সবাজার 1984 2,492 2,289,990 919
Feni ফেনী 1984 928 1,437,371 1,549
Khagrachhari খাগড়াছড়ি 1983 2,700 613,917 227
Lakshmipur লক্ষ্মীপুর 1984 1,456 1,729,188 1,188
Noakhali নোয়াখালী 1821 3,601 3,108,083 863
Rangamati রাঙ্গামাটি 1983 6,116 595,979 97
Dhaka ঢাকা Dhaka 1772 1,464 12,043,977 8,227
Faridpur ফরিদপুর 1815 2,073 1,912,969 923
Gazipur গাজীপুর 1984 1,800 3,403,912 1,891
Gopalganj গোপালগঞ্জ 1984 1,490 1,172,415 787
Kishoreganj কিশোরগঞ্জ 1984 2,689 2,911,907 1,083
Madaripur মাদারীপুর 1984 1,145 1,165,952 1,018
Manikganj মানিকগঞ্জ 1984 1,379 1,392,867 1,010
Munshiganj মুন্সীগঞ্জ 1984 955 1,445,660 1,514
Narayanganj নারায়ণগঞ্জ 1984 700 2,948,217 4,212
Narsingdi নরসিংদী 1984 1,141 2,224,944 1,950
Rajbari রাজবাড়ী 1984 1,119 1,049,778 938
Shariatpur শরীয়তপুর 1984 1,182 1,155,824 978
Tangail টাঙ্গাইল 1969 3,414 3,605,083 1,056
Bagerhat বাগেরহাট Khulna 1984 3,959 1,476,090 373
Chuadanga চুয়াডাঙ্গা 1984 1,177 1,129,015 959
Jessore যশোর 1781 2,567 2,764,547 1,077
Jhenaidah ঝিনাইদহ 1984 1,961 1,771,304 903
Khulna খুলনা 1882 4,394 2,318,527 528
Kushtia কুষ্টিয়া 1947 1,601 1,946,838 1,216
Magura মাগুরা 1984 1,049 918,419 876
Meherpur মেহেরপুর 1984 716 655,392 915
Narail নড়াইল 1984 990 721,668 729
Satkhira সাতক্ষীরা 1984 3,858 1,985,959 515
Jamalpur জামালপুর Mymensingh 1978 2,032 2,292,674 1,128
Mymensingh ময়মনসিংহ 1787 4,363 5,110,272 1,171
Netrokona নেত্রকোণা 1984 2,810 2,229,642 793
Sherpur শেরপুর 1984 1,364 1,358,325 996
Bogra বগুড়া Rajshahi 1821 2,920 3,400,874 1,165
Joypurhat জয়পুরহাট 1983 965 913,768 947
Naogaon নওগাঁ 1984 3,436 2,600,157 757
Natore নাটোর 1984 1,896 1,706,673 900
Chapai Nawabganj চাঁপাইনবাবগঞ্জ 1984 1,703 1,647,521 967
Pabna পাবনা 1832 2,372 2,523,179 1,064
Rajshahi রাজশাহী 1772 2,407 2,595,197 1,078
Sirajganj সিরাজগঞ্জ 1984 2,498 3,097,489 1,240
Dinajpur দিনাজপুর Rangpur 1786 3,438 2,990,128 870
Gaibandha গাইবান্ধা 1984 2,179 2,379,255 1,092
Kurigram কুড়িগ্রাম 1984 2,296 2,069,273 901
Lalmonirhat লালমনিরহাট 1984 1,241 1,256,099 1,012
Nilphamari নীলফামারী 1984 1,580 1,834,231 1,161
Panchagarh পঞ্চগড় 1984 1,405 987,644 703
Rangpur রংপুর 1772 2,368 2,881,086 1,217
Thakurgaon ঠাকুরগাঁও 1984 1,810 1,390,042 768
Habiganj হবিগঞ্জ Sylhet 1984 2,637 2,089,001 792
Moulvibazar মৌলভীবাজার 1984 2,799 1,919,062 686
Sunamganj সুনামগঞ্জ 1984 3,670 2,467,968 672
Sylhet সিলেট 1782 3,490 3,434,188 984
Total 147,570 144,043,697 976

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "People's Republic of Bangladesh". Bangladesh National Portal.
  2. ^ "Bangladesh - Government and society". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Upazilla List". Bangladesh National Portal. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  4. ^ "English spelling of five districts changed". The Independent. Dhaka. 3 April 2018. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  5. ^ Kamal Siddiqui. "Local Government". In Sirajul Islam (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  6. ^ a b Harun, Jasim (2012). "Chittagong District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  7. ^ খান, শামসুজ্জামান (2014). আব্দুল জলিল, মুহম্মদ (ed.). বাংলাদেশ লোকজ সংস্কৃতি গ্রন্থমালা : রংপুর. বাংলা একাডেমি.
  8. ^ Rahman, Md. (2012). "Rajshahi District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  9. ^ Siddiqui, Mahibullah (2012). "Jashore District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  10. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Sylhet District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  11. ^ a b Hossain, Ashfaq (2012). "Dinajpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  12. ^ a b c d এক নজরে জেলা [District at a Glance]. Mymensingh District (in Bengali). Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  13. ^ Siddiqi, Mamun (2012). "Comilla District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  14. ^ Islam, KAM (2012). "Barisal District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  15. ^ Reza, Masud (2012). "Faridpur District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  16. ^ Lipi, Jahanara (2012). "Noakhali District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  17. ^ a b Haq, Md (2012). "Bogra District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  18. ^ Alam, Md (2012). "Pabna District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  19. ^ Mallik, Sandipak (2012). "Khulna District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  20. ^ "Kushtia District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  21. ^ Jerin, Iffat (2012). "Patuakhali District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  22. ^ "Jamalpur District - Banglapedia". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Brahmanbaria District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  24. ^ "Sirajganj District". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Lakshmipur District - Banglapedia". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  26. ^ "Feni District - Banglapedia". Banglapedia. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  27. ^ Siddiqi, Mohammad (2012). "Cox's_Bazar District". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  28. ^ a b "Table 3.2.3: Area, Number of Household, Enumerated Population and Density with Rank by Division and Zila, 2011" (PDF). bbs.gov.bd. Population and Housing Census 2011 National Report - Volume 1. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 2011. pp. 27–28.