Dodone (mythology)

Summary

In Greek mythology, Dodone (Ancient Greek: Δωδώνης) was said to be one of the Oceanid nymphs[1] (the 3,000 daughters of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys), after whom the ancient city of Dodona was named. The 6th century AD grammarian Stephanus of Byzantium (s.v. Δωδὠνη),[2] writes that according to Thrasyboulos (FHG II 464, a), as reported by Epaphroditus (fr. 57 Braswell–Billerbeck)[3] in his commentary on Callimachus's Aetia (fr. 53 Pfeiffer),[4] the ancient city Dodona was named after an Oceanid nymph named Dodone. Stephanus further notes that, according to Akestodorus, the city was instead named after Dodon, a son of Zeus and Europa, but concludes that it is more likely that the city was named after the river Dodon, as Herodian says. According to Schol. Iliad 16.233) the city was named after Dodon or Dodone the wife of Deucalion who named the city after her, and according to Eustathius, on Iliad 2.750, the city was named after Dodone, a heroine or Oceanid, or after Dodon.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ Bane, Theresa (2013). Encyclopedia of Fairies in World Folklore and Mythology. McFarland, Incorporated, Publishers. p. 108. ISBN 9780786471119.
  2. ^ Meineke, pp. 246–247
  3. ^ Braswell, pp. 240, 242.
  4. ^ Harder, pp. 196, 383.
  5. ^ Harder, p. 383.

References

  • Braswell, Bruce Karl, Billerbeck, Magarethe, The Gramarian Epaphroditus: Testimonia and Fragments, Peter Lang, 2007. ISBN 9783039114504.
  • Harder, Annette, Callimachus: Aetia: Introduction, Text, Translation and Commentary, Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-958101-6. (two volume set).
  • Meineke, August, Stephani Byzantii Ethnicorvm quae svpersvnt, Berolini: Impensis G. Reimeri, 1849. Internet Archive.