Dombarovsky Air Base


General View snyi.jpg
Airport typeMilitary
OperatorRussian Air Force
Elevation AMSL869 ft / 265 m
Coordinates51°05′38″N 59°50′32″E / 51.09389°N 59.84222°E / 51.09389; 59.84222Coordinates: 51°05′38″N 59°50′32″E / 51.09389°N 59.84222°E / 51.09389; 59.84222
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8,202 2,500 Concrete

Dombarovsky (also given as Dombarovskiy and Tagilom) is a military airbase 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) northwest of the village of Dombarovsky, near Yasny in Russia's Orenburg Oblast. Operated by the Soviet Air Forces and later by the Russian Air Force, it hosts fighter interceptor squadrons and an ICBM base (which has been adapted for commercial satellite launches).

Interceptor base

The facility featured three revetment compounds.

The 412th Fighter Aviation Regiment (412 IAP) flew from the base with Sukhoi Su-9 (Fishpot) aircraft in the early 1970s.[1] The regiment replaced it in 1978 with the MiG-23M (Flogger-B).[1] The 412 IAP disbanded in 1993.

Other reporting of the 763rd Fighter Aviation Regiment (763 IAP) flying MiG-23 aircraft in 1991[2] appears to be incorrect. The 763rd Fighter Aviation Regiment was, it appears from more recent data, flying from Yugorsk-2.

ICBM base

Dombarovsky is also the home of the 13th Dombarovsky Red Banner Division, 31st Missile Army of the Strategic Rocket Forces. The base was built during the mid-60s along with the majority of the Soviet ICBM bases.

The first base commander was Major-General Dmitri Chaplygin.[3] Up to 10 units of Strategic Rocket Forces were based in the area, each with anywhere from 6 to 10 operational silos. At the peak of operations, Dombarovsky maintained a total of 64 silos on full alert. By 2002, according to the Russian press, the number had dropped to 52. The missiles deployed in the region were primarily the RS-20 type and its sub-variants.

On December 22, 2004, the Rocket Forces conducted from the base a test launch of an R-36M2 to the Kamchatka Peninsula.[4]

Commercial launches

With the conversion of the R-36M ICBM for use as a satellite launch vehicle, the Dnepr system, Dombarovsky has launched a number of commercial payloads. These civilian launches are operated by the Russian Air Force on behalf of the launcher's operator, Russian/Ukrainian consortium Kosmotras. Kosmotras calls the facility Yasny launch base, and has constructed additional facilities necessary for commercial satellite launch operations, including clean room integration facilities.[5]

Launch Date (UTC) Vehicle Payload Launch pad Result Remarks / References
1 July 12, 2006 Dnepr Genesis I Dombarovsky Success Bigelow Aerospace payload, in a 550 km, 64.5 degree inclination orbit[citation needed]
2 June 28, 2007 Dnepr Genesis II Dombarovsky Success Bigelow Aerospace payload, orbit nearly identical to Genesis I[citation needed]
3 October 1, 2008 Dnepr THEOS Dombarovsky Success Launched for GISTDA[6]
4 June 15, 2010 Dnepr Prisma, Picard, BPA-1 Dombarovsky Success [7]
5 August 17, 2011 Dnepr Dombarovsky Success [8]
6 August 22, 2013 Dnepr KOMPSat-5 Dombarovsky Success South Korea's satellite in LEO orbit[9]
7 November 21, 2013 Dnepr
Dombarovsky Success 32 satellites, most of them cubesats[10][11]
8 June 19, 2014 Dnepr
Dombarovsky Success 37 satellites[12]
9 November 6, 2014 Dnepr
Dombarovsky Success Japanese satellites[13]
10 March 25, 2015 Dnepr KOMPSat-3A Dombarovsky Success South Korea's satellite in LEO orbit[14]


  1. ^ a b PHASEOUT OF FISHPOT IN APVO STRANYY AIRFIELDS USSR, February 1981, CREST: CIA-RDP81T00380R000100980001-5, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
  2. ^ "Aviatsiya PVO". Aviabaza KPOI.
  3. ^ Dombarovskiy (Yasny) ICBM site Archived February 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Dombarovskiy". 2007-11-17. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2008-05-15.
  5. ^ "Yasny launch base". Kosmotras website.
  6. ^ "Russia launches Thai satellite on converted missile". RIA Novosti. 2008-10-01.
  7. ^ Stephen Clark (15 June 2010). "French Sun Satellite and Swedish Experiment Blast Off on Russian Rocket". Spaceflight Now ( Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  8. ^ "RASAT takes off into space". Anatolia News Agency. 17 August 2011.
  9. ^ William Graham (2013-08-22). "Russian Dnepr rocket launches with Arirang-5".
  10. ^ Stephen Clark (November 21, 2013). "Silo-launched Dnepr rocket delivers 32 satellites to space". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  11. ^ Stephen Clark (21 November 2013). "Silo-launched Dnepr rocket delivers 32 satellites to space". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  12. ^ Stephen Clark. "Russian Dnepr rocket lofts record haul of 37 satellites". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  13. ^ Stephen Clark (6 November 2014). "Japanese satellites launched on Soviet-era missile". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  14. ^ William Graham and Chris Bergin (2015-03-25). "Russia's Dnepr rocket launches Kompsat-3A mission".