Dongducheon

Summary

Dongducheon (Korean pronunciation: [ˈto̞ŋ.du.tsʰʌ̹n]) is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea.

Dongducheon
동두천시
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul동두천시
 • Hanja東豆川市
 • Revised RomanizationDongducheon-si
 • McCune-ReischauerTongduch'ŏn-si
Jihaeng Station in Dongducheon
Jihaeng Station in Dongducheon
Flag of Dongducheon
Official logo of Dongducheon
Country South Korea
RegionSudogwon
Administrative divisions8 dong
Area
 • Total95.66 km2 (36.93 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total82,623
 • Density864/km2 (2,240/sq mi)
 • Dialect
Seoul
WebsiteDongducheon Office

The city, to the north of Seoul, is strategically important for the defense of the Korean capital. The main camps of the United States Second Infantry Division are in the city, and the division command is at Uijeongbu.

HistoryEdit

Under Goguryeo, the dynasty's territory extended southward into Korean peninsula, and Dongducheon became part of the kingdom in the form of naeulmae hyun (a certain form of ancient village land holding). Later Dongducheon became Sacheon village of Unified Silla in the North-South States Period. It was part of the district of Yangju in Goryeo.[1]

ModernEdit

In 1963, its status was raised to that of a township, Tongduchon (eup). In 1981, Dongducheon City was established, encompassing Yangju county.

StatisticsEdit

 

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Dongducheon (1991–2020, extremes 1998–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.0
(59.0)
19.8
(67.6)
24.7
(76.5)
31.0
(87.8)
33.4
(92.1)
35.5
(95.9)
36.2
(97.2)
38.7
(101.7)
33.2
(91.8)
29.7
(85.5)
26.2
(79.2)
16.3
(61.3)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
5.8
(42.4)
12.1
(53.8)
19.0
(66.2)
24.5
(76.1)
28.2
(82.8)
29.0
(84.2)
30.1
(86.2)
26.3
(79.3)
20.5
(68.9)
12.2
(54.0)
3.9
(39.0)
17.8
(64.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.0
(41.0)
11.6
(52.9)
17.4
(63.3)
21.8
(71.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.9
(76.8)
20.1
(68.2)
13.1
(55.6)
5.7
(42.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
11.4
(52.6)
Average low °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.2
(41.4)
11.3
(52.3)
16.7
(62.1)
20.9
(69.6)
21.2
(70.2)
15.3
(59.5)
7.4
(45.3)
0.5
(32.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
6.3
(43.3)
Record low °C (°F) −26.2
(−15.2)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−10.7
(12.7)
−4.7
(23.5)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
15.3
(59.5)
12.1
(53.8)
4.4
(39.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−10.1
(13.8)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−26.2
(−15.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.4
(0.72)
26.0
(1.02)
32.0
(1.26)
73.2
(2.88)
95.2
(3.75)
130.5
(5.14)
431.7
(17.00)
347.5
(13.68)
137.9
(5.43)
55.1
(2.17)
47.4
(1.87)
22.2
(0.87)
1,417.1
(55.79)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.2 5.3 7.2 9.0 9.0 10.3 16.8 14.8 8.4 6.5 8.3 7.6 108.4
Average snowy days 7.1 5.3 3.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 6.6 24.6
Average relative humidity (%) 60.9 57.5 55.3 55.3 62.3 68.4 79.5 77.8 73.6 69.3 64.9 62.4 65.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 183.7 180.8 209.6 206.0 231.2 203.9 128.7 164.1 182.4 201.2 160.6 169.6 2,221.8
Percent possible sunshine 57.3 56.4 51.1 48.9 47.1 41.0 24.3 35.4 43.7 53.8 52.3 54.8 46.0
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration (snow and percent sunshine 1981–2010)[2][3][4][5][6]

FestivalsEdit

Since 1999, Dongducheon has annually hosted the Dongducheon Rock Festival, one of the biggest rock festivals in South Korea. In 2007, the festival was held at Camp Nimble, a former US Army installation returned to South Korea.

A maple festival is held every autumn in several streets and parts of the city.

EducationEdit

There are 10 high schools, 15 middle schools, 38 elementary schools, and Hanbuk University.

U.S. Military BasesEdit

Notable people from DongducheonEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2008-01-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Homepage of Dongducheon city(eng)
  2. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea (1991 ~ 2020)" (PDF) (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. II-13, II-14, II-444. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 31 January 2022.
  3. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 파일셋 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  4. ^ 우리나라 기후평년값 - 그래프 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2 October 2021.
  5. ^ 순위값 - 구역별조회 (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 10 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Climatological Normals of Korea" (PDF). Korea Meteorological Administration. 2011. p. 499 and 649. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.

External linksEdit

  • Official city website (in English)

Coordinates: 37°55′N 127°04′E / 37.917°N 127.067°E / 37.917; 127.067