Dove-OSCAR 17


Dove-OSCAR 17
OSCAR-17 (DOVE) Promotion Photo.jpg
a.k.a. Microsat 2
Mission typeEducational, Amateur radio
COSPAR ID1990-005E
SATCAT no.20440
Mission duration8 years
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass12.92 kg (28.5 lb)
PowerSolar panels and batteries
Start of mission
Launch date22 January 1990 (1990-01-22), 01:44:35 UTC
RocketAriane 40 H 10 V-35
Launch siteKourou ELA-2
End of mission
Last contactMarch 1998 (1998-04)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemSun-synchronous
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude791 km (492 mi)
Apogee altitude821 km (510 mi)
Inclination98.7 degrees
Period100.8 minutes

Dove-OSCAR 17 (a.k.a. DO-17 or Microsat 2) is a Brazilian educational and amateur radio satellite launched at January 22, 1990.


Dove-OSCAR 17 is one the results of the so-called Microsat project by AMSAT, manufactured in the 1980s by the civil and electric engineer Junior Torres de Castro (amateur radio operator with callsign PY2BJO), who had been developing his ideas since 1957. He has built, with his own resources, the first artificial satellite for educational and humanitarian purposes: the "Dove".

The device, assembled in a garage in Botucatu, São Paulo, was meant to provide synthesised peace messages for educational institutions at a time when the Cold War was still determining international relations around the world. It has a Digital Orbiting Voice Encoder (D.O.V.E.), designed to emit the synthesised voice messages, and also telemetry data transmission (FM Packet AFSK 1200 AX.25 at 145.825 MHz). It is box shaped with dimensions of 213 × 230 × 230 mm, with solar panels on the faces of the cube and weights 12.92 kg.[1] The configuration and assembly was at that time designated as "Microsat".[2]


Dove-OSCAR 17 was launched at January 22, 1990 by an Ariane 4 rocket from Guiana Space Center. The payload also included the SPOT-2 and other five OSCAR satellites. According to AMSAT, "due to hardware failures that have occurred since launch, the primary mission of providing voice messages of world peace from DOVE has not been fully realized"[3]

Last stable contact with the satellite officially occurred in March 1998 when it had a battery failure. However, because of the still functional solar panels, when the device is properly aligned to the Sun, it transmits its telemetry data.

See also


  1. ^ "DOVE (Oscar 17, DO 17)". Gunter's Space Page.
  2. ^ Duncan, Courtney (26 September 1989). "A New, Small Satellite Bus Concept (AMSAT-NA)". Retrieved 10 August 2015. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Spotlight On: The Microsats". AMSAT. Retrieved 11 August 2015.

External links

  • PY4ZBZ's page Collection of videos in Portuguese about the Dove-OSCAR 17
  • N2YO's real time OSCAR 17 tracking page
  • PU3XGS's page More information on PY2BJO and the DOVE satellite
  • Books about the Dove-OSCAR 17