Dysprosium(III) nitrate

Summary

Dysprosium(III) nitrate is an inorganic compound, a salt of dysprosium and nitric acid with the chemical formula Dy(NO3)3. The compound forms yellowish crystals, dissolves in water, forms a crystalline hydrate.[2]

Dysprosium(III) nitrate
Dysprosium nitrate.jpg
Names
Other names
Dysprosium nitrate, Dysprosium trinitrate
Identifiers
  • 10143-38-1 ☒N
  • monhydrate: 100641-13-2
  • pentahydrate: 10031-49-9
  • hexahydrate: 35725-30-5
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
  • monhydrate: Interactive image
  • pentahydrate: Interactive image
  • hexahydrate: Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 23375
  • monhydrate: 26666880
  • pentahydrate: 21241308
  • hexahydrate: 186810
ECHA InfoCard 100.157.735 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 233-410-5
  • pentahydrate: 629-564-1
  • 25007
  • monhydrate: 57346095
  • pentahydrate: 91886635
  • hexahydrate: 215463
  • monhydrate: DTXSID80721100
  • hexahydrate: DTXSID50189253
  • InChI=1S/Dy.3NO3/c;3*2-1(3)4/q+3;3*-1
    Key: DVENVBCPDCQQGD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • monhydrate: InChI=1S/Dy.3NO3.H2O/c;3*2-1(3)4;/h;;;;1H2/q+3;3*-1;
    Key: DSEBQRTVZFLVND-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • pentahydrate: InChI=1S/Dy.3NO3.5H2O/c;3*2-1(3)4;;;;;/h;;;;5*1H2/q+3;3*-1;;;;;
    Key: NOTQUFQJAWMLCE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • hexahydrate: InChI=1S/Dy.3NO3.6H2O/c;3*2-1(3)4;;;;;;/h;;;;6*1H2/q+3;3*-1;;;;;;
    Key: DCKWZDOAGNMKMX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • O.[Dy+3].[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O.[O-][N+]([O-])=O
  • monhydrate: [N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].O.[Dy+3]
  • pentahydrate: [N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].O.O.O.O.O.[Dy+3]
  • hexahydrate: [N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].O.O.O.O.O.O.[Dy+3]
Properties
Dy(NO3)3
Molar mass 348.51
Appearance Yellowish crystals
Melting point 88.6[1] °C (191.5 °F; 361.8 K)
Soluble
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS03: OxidizingGHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H272, H315, H319, H335
P210, P220, P221, P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P321, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P370+P378, P403+P233, P405, P501
Related compounds
Related compounds
Terbium(III) nitrate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

SynthesisEdit

Anhydrous salt is obtained by the action of nitrogen dioxide on dysprosium(III) oxide:[3]

 

The action of nitrogen dioxideon metallic dysprosium:

 

Physical propertiesEdit

Dysprosium(III) nitrate forms yellowish crystals.[4]

Forms a crystalline hydrate of the composition  , which melts in its own crystallization water at 88.6 °C.[5][6]

Soluble in water and ethanol, hygroscopic.

Chemical propertiesEdit

Hydrated dysprosium nitrate thermally decomposes to form  , and further heating produces dysprosium oxide.

ApplicationEdit

Dysprosium(III) nitrate is used as a catalyst.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dysprosium(III) nitrate | CAS 10031-49-9". scbt.com. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  2. ^ Macintyre, Jane E. (23 July 1992). Dictionary of Inorganic Compounds. CRC Press. p. 3117. ISBN 978-0-412-30120-9. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  3. ^ Edelmann, Frank T.; Herrmann, Wolfgang A. (14 May 2014). Synthetic Methods of Organometallic and Inorganic Chemistry, Volume 6, 1997: Volume 6: Lanthanides and Actinides. Georg Thieme Verlag. p. 23. ISBN 978-3-13-179221-1. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Dysprosium(III) nitrate - Hazardous Agents | Haz-Map". haz-map.com. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Dysprosium(III) nitrate hydrate". Sigma Aldrich. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  6. ^ "10031-49-9 - Dysprosium(III) nitrate pentahydrate, 99.9% (REO) - 12922 - Alfa Aesar". Alfa Aesar. Retrieved 18 August 2021.