ESTRACK

Summary

The European Space Tracking (ESTRACK) network consists of a number of ground-based space-tracking stations belonging to the European Space Agency (ESA), and operated by the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany. The stations support various ESA spacecraft and facilitate communications between ground operators and scientific probes such as XMM-Newton, Mars Express, BepiColombo, Gaia. Similar networks are run by the USA, China, Russia, Japan, and India.

ESTRACK station in Redu, Belgium

CompositionEdit

 
Locations of ESTRACK's ESA owned stations (in blue) on a world map
 
ESTRACK Network Operations Centre in ESOC

As well as the ESTRACK Control Centre [1] in ESOC, the network consists of eight ESA-owned stations. The stations are:

ESA stationsEdit

[9]

Former stationsEdit

In addition, other stations from other organizations as also used by ESA to support their spacecraft.

Some Cooperative stationsEdit

AntennasEdit

Each ESTRACK station is different, supporting multiple missions, some sharing one or more of the same missions. The ESTRACK core network consists of:

  • Three 35-metre diameter deep space antennas (New Norcia, Cebreros and Malargüe).
  • Three 15-metre antennas (Kourou, Kiruna, Redu)
  • One 13-metre antenna (Kiruna)
  • One 5.5-metre antenna (Santa-Maria)
  • One 4.5-meter antenna (New-Norcia 2)
  • One 2-meter antenna (Malindi, Kenya)
  • Six GPS-TDAF antennas

The antennas are remotely operated from the ESTRACK Network Operations Centre (NOC) located at ESOC. The ESTRACK core network is completed by antenna belonging to cooperative agencies and antennas belonging to commercial partners.

On 1 January 2013, the 35-metre station Marlargüe became the newest station to join the ESTRACK Deep Space Network.

The station in Santa-Maria can be used to track Ariane launches and it is also capable of tracking Vega and Soyuz launchers operated from ESA's Spaceport at Kourou, French Guiana.[10]

The antenna in Malindi (Malindi Space Centre (Kenya)[11]) can be used for Launch and Early Orbit Phases.

The small antenna in New-Norcia can be used for Launch and Early Orbit Phases and for tracking rain, Vega and Soyuz launchers operated from ESA's Spaceport at Kourou, French Guiana.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ esa. "Network Operations Centre". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  2. ^ esa. "New Norcia - DSA 1". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  3. ^ esa. "Cebreros - DSA 2". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  4. ^ esa. "Malargüe - DSA 3". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  5. ^ esa. "Kiruna station". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  6. ^ esa. "Kourou station". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  7. ^ esa. "Redu station". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  8. ^ esa. "Santa Maria station". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  9. ^ esa. "Estrack". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  10. ^ . ESA – ESA Spacecraft Operations – Boosting capability: Santa Maria station to join ESTRACK
  11. ^ "ESA tracking antenna Malindi". European Space Agency. Retrieved 27 June 2019.

External linksEdit

  • ESA Operations website
  • ESA webpage on ESTRACK, including links to all stations

Coordinates: 31°02′53″S 116°11′31″E / 31.04806°S 116.19194°E / -31.04806; 116.19194